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Author (up) Briggs, R. C.
Title Why does aid not target the poorest? Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication AIDDATA Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Foreign aid projects typically have local effects, so if they are to reduce poverty then they need to be placed close to the poor. I show that, conditional on local population, World Bank (WB) project aid targets richer parts of countries. This relationship holds over time and across world regions. I test five explanations for pro-rich targeting using a pre-registered conjoint experiment on WB task team leaders (TTLs). TTLs perceive aid-receiving governments as most interested in targeting aid politically and controlling implementation. They also believe that aid works better in poorer or more remote areas, but that implementation in these areas is uniquely difficult. These results speak to debates in distributive politics, international bargaining over aid, and principal-agent issues in international organizations. The results also suggest that tweaks to WB incentive structures to make ease of project implementation less important may encourage aid to flow to poorer parts of countries.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2719
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Author (up) Browman, L.G.
Title Light in its relation to activity and estrous rhythms in the albino rat Type Journal Article
Year 1937 Publication Journal of Experimental Zoology Abbreviated Journal J. Exp. Zool.
Volume 75 Issue 3 Pages 375-388
Keywords Animals
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
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ISSN 0022-104X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2390
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Author (up) Brown, J., Frank A.
Title Light and Molt in Weaver Finches Type Journal Article
Year 1940 Publication The Auk Abbreviated Journal The Auk
Volume 57 Issue 4 Pages 485-498
Keywords Animals
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ISSN 0004-8038 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2366
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Author (up) Brundin, T.M.
Title Light reactions of terrestrial amphipods Type Journal Article
Year 1913 Publication Journal of Animal Behavior Abbreviated Journal Journal of Animal Behavior
Volume 3 Issue 5 Pages 334-352
Keywords Animals
Abstract Investigated the responses of amphipods to light. A series of experiments were conducted to determine the mechanism of the phototactic response, and the cause of reversal in the sense of phototaxis. Varying numbers of Ss were tested on reaction time to light and heat. The more terrestrial forms among the amphipoda were more positive. Concluded that the conditions which brought about the positive phototaxis were the same, as prevailed in the environment of the more terrestrial amphipoda. Heat and dryness favored positive reactions, while cold, moisture and silence favored negative reactions. The small specimen of O. traskiana had shorter periods of negative reactions than the more sluggish specimen, which could be made positive to the light by enforced activity, dryness and heat, resulting in metabolic processes through which chemical responses necessary for a response took place. The modification of the response helped in adaptation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
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ISSN 0095-9928 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2419
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Author (up) Bryant, J.M.; Hake, H.G.
Title A decision support system for assessment of street lighting tenders based on energy performance indicators and environmental criteria: Overview, methodology and case study Type Journal Article
Year 1911 Publication University of Illinois Bulletin Abbreviated Journal
Volume 9 Issue 8 Pages Bulletin No. 51
Keywords Lighting; Energy; Economics; Planning
Abstract It is the purpose of this bulletin to make available information concerning street illumination. The suggestion which led to this compilation came from the many inquiries received by the Electrical Engineering Department each year from those interested in framing ordinances permitting corporations or individuals to operate street lighting systems. An attempt has been made to present this information in such a form as to be readily understood by the general public, without requiring any special technical knowledge. The data have been compiled from reliable sources, and checked in many instances by tests conducted by the writers.
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Publisher University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, College of Engineering Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2739
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