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Author Dick; R.
Title The Biological Basis for the Canadian Guideline for Outdoor Lighting 2--Impact of the Brightness of Light. Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada Abbreviated Journal
Volume 114 Issue (down) 5 Pages 205-210
Keywords Vison; Biology
Abstract One of the most obvious attributes of light is brightness. This paper will address specific brightness thresholds that have been found to impact animal health and behaviour, including humans. However, the meaning of brightness is vague and must be further refined and quantified. This paper will introduce and define these terms and will discuss the sensitivity of wildlife biology and behaviour to levels of luminance and illuminance. It may not be apparent from the common metrics used for “brightness” that a lamp will impact the ecosystem or human health. Our focus is on biology, which depends on the energy carried by the light, or its spectrum, and not strictly its apparent brightness. However, the subject of spectrum will be deferred to the third paper in this series.
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 3164
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Author Windle, A. E., Hooley, D. S., & Johnston, D. W.
Title Robotic Vehicles Enable High-Resolution Light Pollution Sampling of Sea Turtle Nesting Beaches Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication Frontiers in Marine Science Abbreviated Journal
Volume 5 Issue (down) 493 Pages
Keywords Instrumentation; Animals; Skyglow
Abstract Nesting sea turtles appear to avoid brightly lit beaches and often turn back to sea prematurely when exposed to artificial light. Observations and experiments have noted that nesting turtles prefer darker areas where buildings and high dunes act as light barriers. As a result, sea turtles often nest on darker beaches, creating spatial concentrations of nests. Artificial nighttime light, or light pollution, has been quantified using a variety of methods. However, it has proven challenging to make accurate measurements of ambient light at fine scales and on smaller nesting beaches. Additionally, light has traditionally been measured from stationary tripods perpendicular to beach vegetation, disregarding the point of view of a nesting sea turtle. In the present study, nighttime ambient light conditions were assessed on three beaches in central North Carolina: a developed coastline of a barrier island, a nearby State Park on the same barrier island comprised of protected and undeveloped land, and a completely uninhabited wilderness on an adjacent barrier island in the Cape Lookout National Seashore. Using an autonomous terrestrial rover, high resolution light measurements (mag/arcsec2) were collected every minute with two ambient light sensors along transects on each beach. Spatial comparisons between ambient light and nesting density at and between these locations reveal that highest densities of nests occur in regions with lowest light levels, supporting the hypothesis that light pollution from coastal development may influence turtle nesting distribution. These results can be used to support ongoing management strategies to mitigate this pressing conservation issue.
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2315
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Author Putrenko, V., & Pashynska, N.
Title Data mining of sustainable development process with using nightlight indicators Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication TECHNOLOGY AUDIT AND PRODUCTION RESERVES Abbreviated Journal
Volume 3/2 Issue (down) 47 Pages
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Об’єктом дослідження є процес сталого розвитку територіальних одиниць на прикладі регіонів України. Концепція сталого розвитку стала провідною стратегією розвитку для більшості країн світу. Однією із найбільших проблем залишається отримання повних та верифікованих даних для моделей оцінювання розвитку. В роботі було використано методику розрахунку індексу сталого розвитку, яка розроблена в Світовому центрі даних з геоінформатики та сталого розвитку Національного технічного університету України «Київський політехнічний інститут ім. Ігоря Сікорського». Дана методика ґрунтується на розрахунку метрики індексу сталого розвитку на основі вимірів якості життя населення та безпекової компоненти проживання для окремих країн та регіонів. Для застосування методики на регіональному рівні було запропоновано використання інформації про нічне освітлення території, яка отримується засобами дистанційного зондування Землі із супутникових систем. Досліджено характер та тісноту зв’язку між яскравістю нічного освітлення та індикаторами сталого розвитку. З’ясовано, що найбільш значущий зв’язок наявний між показниками індексу економічного розвитку, індексом впливу на зміну клімату та нічним освітленням території регіонів України. На основі геоінформаційного аналізу програмного забезпечення ArcGIS компанії ESRI було застосовано інструментарій статистичного зонування, який надає можливості для статистичної обробки даних супутникових знімків у межах виокремлених за адміністративним принципом регіонів або інших полігональних областей. На основі математичного апарату інтелектуального аналізу даних було здійснено глобальний та локальний регресійний аналіз зв’язку між виявленими показниками. Розгляд тісноти цього зв’язку в територіальному розрізі дозволив виявити зони з найбільшою та низькою тіснотою впливу, що пояснюється особливостями соціально-економічного розвитку даних територій. Завдяки цьому забезпечується можливість отримання розрахунку аналогічних показників на більш детальних територіальних рівнях, які відповідають окремим районам або містам обласного значення
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Language English Summary Language Ukranian Original Title
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2737
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Author Gardner, C.
Title The use and misuse of coloured light in the urban environment Type Journal Article
Year 2006 Publication Optics & Laser Technology Abbreviated Journal Optics & Laser Technology
Volume 38 Issue (down) 4-6 Pages 366-376
Keywords Planning; Society; Psychology
Abstract The last few years have seen a huge increase in the transfer of coloured architectural lighting, derived from entertainment and theatre, into the urban and exterior environment. Part of the reason for this is that in the last 15 yr or so, there have been a number of important introductions in coloured lighting technology. These have transformed lighting practice, and while their widespread introduction is seen by some as an enrichment of the urban fabric, others see it as presenting considerable dangers, in terms of aesthetics, perception and in terms of civic identity. Its negative effects on the urban environment have been termed ‘colour blight’.

In this paper, the range of coloured lighting technologies is surveyed and other causes for the increase in coloured lighting are also discussed, together with the problems and benefits involved. Finally, some tentative means are put forward for resolving the problems caused by ‘colour blight’. Current good practice is illustrated by the author's own experience, including his consultancy's participation in a number of urban lighting strategies in the UK and elsewhere. This work involves implementation of a comprehensive lighting plan for the historic city of York, as part of the Urban Lighting Group consortium of three lighting design practices.
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ISSN 0030-3992 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2183
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Author Shillo, R., & Halevy, A. H.
Title Interaction of photoperiod and temperature in flowering-control of Gypsophila paniculata L Type Journal Article
Year 1982 Publication Scientia Horticulturae Abbreviated Journal
Volume 16 Issue (down) 4 Pages 385-393
Keywords Plants
Abstract Long day promotes flowering of Gysophila paniculata L cultivar ‘Bristol Fairy’. Repeated treatments with GA3 or GA4 + 7 in short days did not promote flowering. The long photoperiod is effective only at relatively high temperatures. At night temperatures below 12°C, the plants remain vegetative even in long days. Efficient artificial lighting is from incandescent lamps at 60–100 lux. Fluorescent lighting (Cool-White) is not effective. Lighting of 4 hours as a night-break or at the end of the night were equally effective, but 4 hours lighting as a day-extension was less effective. Whole-night lighting promoted flowering more than any of the 4-hour lighting regimes. Cyclic lighting of one third light in each cycle promoted flowering to the same extent as continuous lighting. Light intensity during the day has a decisive effect on flower production.
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2370
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