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Author (down) Pritchard, S. B., & Le Gallic, S. url  openurl
  Title Light(s) and Darkness(es): Looking Back, Looking Forward Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Journal of Energy History/Revue d’histoire de l’énergie Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Society; Art; History  
  Abstract In this special issue, we argue that light(s) and darkness(es) should be understood in their multiplicity, and that they constitute two aspects of the same phenomenon. They should, therefore, be studied in relation to each other. The complex dynamics of light and dark are more integral to the history of art than other fields, thus offering models for a relational approach to empirical studies beyond this discipline. Drawing on this work, this special issue aims to challenge reductionist frameworks that focus on light alone, without reference to darkness. It explores some of the nuances of light/darkness created by candle, kerosene, oil, gas, and electricity, teasing out the diverse, sometimes contradictory meanings and experiences of light(s) and darkness(es) in the past. It thus aims to study the juxtaposition of light and dark, placing this seeming contrast in dialogue with broader conversations in the history of energy, environmental history, the history of science and technology, as well as the history of representations.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2966  
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Author (down) Petrova, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Illuminating austerity: Lighting poverty as an agent and signifier of the Greek crisis Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication European Urban and Regional Studies Abbreviated Journal Eur Urban Reg Stud  
  Volume 25 Issue 4 Pages 360-372  
  Keywords Economics; Society  
  Abstract Light – whether natural or artificial – plays multiple roles in the home: both as a material enabler of everyday life and as a device for exercising a variety of social relations. The post-2008 Greek economic crisis has endangered those roles by limiting people's ability to access or afford adequate energy services. This paper focuses on the enforced lack of illumination in the home, and the strategies and tactics undertaken by households to overcome this challenge. I connect illumination practices and discourses to the implementation of austerity, by arguing that the threat of darkness has become a tool for compelling vulnerable groups to pay their electricity bills. The evidence presented in the paper is based on two sets of interviews with 25 households (including a total of 55 adult members) living in and around Thessaloniki – Greece's second largest city, and one that has suffered severe economic consequences as a result of the crisis. I have established that the under-consumption of light is one of the most pronounced expressions of energy poverty, and as such endangers the ability to participate in the customs that define membership of society. But the emergence of activist-led amateur electricians and the symbolic and material mobilization of light for political purposes have also created multiple opportunities for resistance.  
  Address The University of Manchester, UK  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0969-7764 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:30369725; PMCID:PMC6187059 Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2453  
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Author (down) Perkowitz, S. url  openurl
  Title Empire of light: a history of discovery in science and art Type Journal Article
  Year 1996 Publication Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Society  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1053  
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Author (down) Perkin, E.K.; Hölker, F.; Heller, S.; Berghahn, R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Artificial light and nocturnal activity in gammarids Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication PeerJ Abbreviated Journal PeerJ  
  Volume 2 Issue Pages e279  
  Keywords Acclimation; Gammarus; Invertebrate drift; Light pollution; Multispecies freshwater biomonitor  
  Abstract Artificial light is gaining attention as a potential stressor to aquatic ecosystems. Artificial lights located near streams increase light levels experienced by stream invertebrates and we hypothesized light would depress night drift rates. We also hypothesized that the effect of light on drift rates would decrease over time as the invertebrates acclimated to the new light level over the course of one month's exposure. These hypotheses were tested by placing Gammarus spp. in eight, 75 m x 1 m artificial flumes. One flume was exposed to strong (416 lx) artificial light at night. This strong light created a gradient between 4.19 and 0.04 lx over the neighboring six artificial flumes, while a control flume was completely covered with black plastic at night. Night-time light measurements taken in the Berlin area confirm that half the flumes were at light levels experienced by urban aquatic invertebrates. Surprisingly, no light treatment affected gammarid drift rates. In contrast, physical activity measurements of in situ individually caged G. roeseli showed they increased short-term activity levels in nights of complete darkness and decreased activity levels in brightly lit flumes. Both nocturnal and diurnal drift increased, and day drift rates were unexpectadly higher than nocturnal drift.  
  Address Umweltbundesamt , Berlin , Germany  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2167-8359 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:24688857; PMCID:PMC3961812 Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 322  
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Author (down) Pandharipande, A.; Ramasamy, S.; Anderson, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Social Impact of Connected Landmark Lighting: A Social Sensing Approach Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication IEEE Internet of Things Magazine Abbreviated Journal IEEE Internet Things M.  
  Volume 3 Issue 1 Pages 64-67  
  Keywords Lighting; Society  
  Abstract The benefits of using light emitting diode (LED) lighting for landmarks extend beyond energy savings to the use of illumination for creating visual identity, placemaking, and increasing tourism. While measuring energy consumption is possible with metering technologies, thereby quantifying savings in energy costs, quantification of the social impact of landmark lighting is not straightforward. Measuring and monitoring social impact metrics is key to stakeholders investing in new connected LED lighting systems or upgrades of conventional lighting in order to realize the benefits of lighting that are beyond energy sustainability. We consider social sensing as an approach to quantifying social impact of landmark lighting. Using lighting at the Empire State Building and Bay Bridge as case studies, social sensing querying and data analytics aspects are presented. A number of practical lessons and technical directions for the use of social sensing in connected landmark lighting are then laid out.  
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  ISSN 2576-3180 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2881  
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