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Author Clark, B.A.J.
Title Outdoor Lighting and Crime, Part 1: Little or No Benefit. Type Journal Article
Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Society; Safety
Abstract
Address
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Publisher Place of Publication Editor
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Area Expedition (up) Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1016
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Author Clark, B.A.J.
Title Outdoor Lighting and Crime, Part 2: Coupled Growth. Type Report
Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Security; Society; Safety; crime; public safety
Abstract Experimental evidence about the relationship between outdoor lighting and crime was examined in Part 1 of this work. Although the presence of light tends to allay the fear of crime at night, the balance of evidence from relatively short-term field studies is that increased lighting is ineffective for preventing or deterring actual crime. In this second part, available evidence indicates that darkness inhibits crime, and that crime is more encouraged than deterred by outdoor lighting. A new hypothesis is developed accordingly. Additional quantitative evidence supports the hypothesis. Excessive outdoor lighting appears to facilitate some of the social factors that lead to crime. The proliferation of artificial outdoor lighting has been fostered with little regard for the environmental consequences of wasteful practice. Widely observed exponential increases in artificial skyglow indicate that the growth of outdoor lighting is unsustainable. The natural spectacle of the night sky has already been obliterated for much of the population of the developed world. Copious artificial light has transformed civilisation, but increasing knowledge of its adverse environmental, biological and cultural effects now justifies large overall reductions in outdoor ambient light at night as well as in its waste component. ‘Good’ lighting has to be redefined. Moderation of outdoor ambient light levels may reduce crime in due course, as well as limiting the adverse environmental effects. Lighting controls might provide a means of limiting urbanisation and urban sprawl. National crime prevention policies, laws, lighting standards, architectural use of light and urban planning practice appear in need of fundamental changes.
Address Astronomical Society of Victoria, Inc., Australia
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Self-published Place of Publication Editor
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @; IDA @ john @ Serial 1017
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Author Cochrane, A.
Title Cities of light: placemaking in the 24-hour city. Type Journal Article
Year 2004 Publication Urban Design Quarterly Abbreviated Journal
Volume 89 Issue Pages 12–14
Keywords Society
Abstract
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
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ISSN ISBN Medium
Area Expedition (up) Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1018
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Author Cuttle, K.
Title Opinion: Lighting criteria for the future Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal Lighting Research and Technology
Volume 42 Issue 3 Pages 270
Keywords Society
Abstract
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1477-1535 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition (up) Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1019
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Author Cuttle, C.
Title Towards the third stage of the lighting profession Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal Lighting Research and Technology
Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 73-93
Keywords Society
Abstract
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1477-1535 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition (up) Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1020
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