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Author Meier; J.M. openurl 
  Title (down) Temporal Profiles of Urban Lighting: Proposal for a research design and first results from three sites in Berlin Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication International Journal of Sustainable Lighting Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 20 Issue Pages 11-28  
  Keywords Instrumentation; Lighting; Society  
  Abstract This paper presents and experimentally applies a research design for studying the temporal dimension of outdoor artificial illumination in complex lightscapes such as those of urban centres. It contributes to filling the gap between analyses of high-resolution aerial imagery, which provide detailed but static information on the spatial composition of lightscapes, and existing methods for studying their dynamics, which measure changes at high levels of aggregation. The research design adopts a small-scale, detailed approach by using close-range time-lapse videos to document the on/off patterns of individual light sources as the night progresses. It provides a framework and vocabulary for discrete and comparative analyses of the identified temporal profiles of lighting. This allows for pinpointing similarities and differences among the dynamics of different places, nights or categories of lighting. Its application to three case studies in Berlin indicate that switch-on and switch-off times are clustered, resulting in static and dynamic phases of the night. Midnight is a temporal fault-line, after which full illumination ends as portions of the illumination are extinguished. Switch-off times and -rates differ among the three lightscapes and, especially, among four functional types of lighting that were differentiated: infrastructural and commercial units largely remain on all night, while substantial portions of architectural and indoor lighting are switched off, though at fairly different times. Such findings are valuable for studies based on data collected at specific points in time (aerial imagery, measurements), for informing and monitoring temporally oriented lighting policies, and for understanding urban dynamics at large.  
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  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 1901  
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Author Sloane, M.; Slater, D.; Entwistle, J. openurl 
  Title (down) Tackling Social Inequalities in Public Lighting Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Society  
  Abstract 2This report is based on research findings of the Configuring Light/Staging the Social research programme (CL) based at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), as well as on discussions of the Configuring Light expert working group. Consisting of high-profile experts and stakeholders in the fields of design, planning and policy-making, this group was established by CL to develop a new agenda for tackling social inequalities in public lighting. Members of the working group are listed at the end of this document.This project was run by the LSE-based Configuring Light/Staging the Social research programme and funded by LSE Knowledge Exchange and Impact funding.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author London School of Economics Thesis  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2528  
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Author Henckel, D. url  openurl
  Title (down) Sustainable Governance of the Urban Night Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Nauchni trudove Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue Pages 219-233  
  Keywords Planning; Society; Sustainability; Conservation  
  Abstract Since humans are day active primates the differences between day and night seem to be so deeply rooted that a holistic, integrative view of the 24 hours cycle of the city is far from being established. Notwithstanding all the topical talking about the 24/7 city, the analysis of cities and their governance focuses mainly on the day, even if we witness an increasing “colonization of the world after dark” (Melbin, 1987). This extension of activity into the night is producing a growing number of conflicts.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2563  
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Author Özyürek, C.; Aydin, G. url  openurl
  Title (down) Students’ Opinions on the Light Pollution Application Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education Abbreviated Journal IEJEE  
  Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 55-68  
  Keywords Society; awareness; perception; education; child development; light pollution  
  Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of computer-animated concept cartoons and outdoor science activities on creating awareness among seventh graders about light pollution. It also aims to identify the views of the students on the activities that were carried out. This study used one group pre-test/post-test experimental design model with 30 seventh graders. The data in the study were collected via open-ended questions on light pollution and semi-structured interview questions. The open-ended questions on light pollution were administered as a pre-test and a post-test. After the post-test was administered, semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven students. The data collected from the open-ended questions and semi-structured interviews were qualitatively analysed and quotes from the students’ statements were included. Looking at the answers of the students to questions on light pollution, it was understood that the activities that were carried out were effective. Furthermore, all of the students that were interviewed made positive statements about the activities that were carried out.  
  Address Ordu University, Turkey  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher T&K Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1307-9298 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1288  
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Author O'Connell, H. A. url  openurl
  Title (down) Streetlights in the city: understanding the distribution of Houston streetlights Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Lighting; Society  
  Abstract There are at least 173,724 streetlights in the city of Houston, or about 15 streetlights per mile of roadway in the average Houston neighborhood. But there is wide variation in streetlight density across those neighborhoods. This report offers several important findings. First, black and Hispanic neighborhoods have higher concentrations of streetlights than white neighborhoods. Second, mixed-income neighborhoods tend to have higher concentrations of streetlights than the city’s wealthiest and poorest neighborhoods.

In the context of this discussion, we should consider the possibility that some areas of the city are overly lit in addition to being concerned about the places without enough lights. There may be a point at which having more lights actually becomes a negative. We need to get a better understanding of the lived consequences of the level of available lighting before making any further decisions regarding city streetlights.
 
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  Publisher Rice | Kinder Institute for urban research Place of Publication Editor  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2068  
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