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Author Li, X.; Zhang, R.; Huang, C.; Li, D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Detecting 2014 Northern Iraq Insurgency using night-time light imagery Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal International Journal of Remote Sensing  
  Volume 36 Issue 13 Pages 3446-3458  
  Keywords Remote Sensing; Society  
  Abstract The territory controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has grown rapidly since the start of the Syrian Civil War. In 2014, ISIS expanded its control into Northern Iraq, leading to a major humanitarian crisis in the region. This study makes use of night-time light images to detect the ISIS offensive against Iraq in 2014. We developed an algorithm to separate city lights from oilfield lights, based on an urban extent map. The image analysis indicates that all Northern Iraqi provinces experienced a large reduction in city lighting, varying from 16% to 93%. This reduction is especially evident in the three ISIS-controlled provinces, Al-Anbar, Saladin, and Ninawa, where the reduction of city lighting from May to December 2014 was 59%, 50%, and 93%, respectively. Most of the ISIS-controlled cities, including Mosul and Tikrit, experienced a loss of more than 90% in city lighting after being seized by ISIS, while the cities controlled by the Iraqi security forces (ISF) did not lose as much lighting. In contrast, the city lights in Ar Raqqa, Syria, ISIS’s de facto capital, did not show a decline after that region was seized by ISIS. We conclude that the conflict in Northern Iraq has resulted in a major loss of city lighting and that this loss is most likely due to lack of access to the Iraqi electricity supply grid rather than a deliberate ISIS strategy.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0143-1161 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 1875  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Edensor, T.; Millington, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Blackpool Illuminations: revaluing local cultural production, situated creativity and working-class values Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication International Journal of Cultural Policy Abbreviated Journal International Journal of Cultural Policy  
  Volume 19 Issue 2 Pages 145-161  
  Keywords Society  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1028-6632 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1033  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Alves, T. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Art, Light and Landscape New Agendas for Urban Development Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication European Planning Studies Abbreviated Journal European Planning Studies  
  Volume 15 Issue 9 Pages 1247-1260  
  Keywords Society  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0965-4313 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 985  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Taylor, C.R., Sarkees, M.E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Do bans on illuminated on-premise signs matter? Balancing environmental impact with the impact on businesses Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Advertising: The Review of Marketing Communications Abbreviated Journal Intl. J. of Advertising Rev. Marketing Comm.  
  Volume 36 Issue 1 Pages 61-73  
  Keywords Economics; illuminated signs; advertising; society; policy  
  Abstract Recent years have seen some US municipalities implementing restrictions on lighted on-premise signs, often based on environmental arguments. At the same time, sign companies and sign users argue that restrictions are harmful to businesses. To date there has not been any research on the degree to which restrictions on illuminated signs are harmful to businesses. To this end, this study reports the results of a nationally representative sample of on-premise sign users which explores the degree to which sign users: (1) rely on the signs to help them perform key marketing functions; and (2) report that these signs impact their bottom line. Findings indicate that respondents strongly agree that lighted on-premise signs perform key marketing functions for them and a majority of respondents believe that restrictions on lighting harm their profitability.  
  Address Department of Marketing, Villanova School of Business, Villanova University, 19085-1678, Villanova, PA, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Taylor & Francis Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1239  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Li, X.; Li, D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Can night-time light images play a role in evaluating the Syrian Crisis? Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication International Journal of Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal International Journal of Remote Sensing  
  Volume 35 Issue 18 Pages 6648-6661  
  Keywords Remote Sensing; Society  
  Abstract This study investigates whether night-time light images acquired from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program’s Operational Linescan System provide spatial and temporal insight with regard to the humanitarian aspects of the Syrian crisis. Evaluating the ongoing crisis in Syria is challenging since reliable witness reports are hard to gather in a war zone. Therefore satellite images, as one of the few sources of objective information, are potentially of great importance. We used 38 monthly Defense Meteorological Satellite Program’s Operational Linescan System composites covering the period between January 2008 and February 2014. The results indicate that night-time light and lit area in Syria declined by about 74% and 73%, respectively, between March 2011 and February 2014. In 12 of 14 provinces, night-time light declined by >60%. Damascus and Quneitra are the exceptions, with night-time light having declined only by about 35%. Notably, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) of each province shows a linear correlation with night-time light loss, with an R2 value of 0.52. Through clustering the time series images, we found that the international border of Syria represents a distinct boundary between regions of differing night-time light spatiotemporal patterns. The contrast across the border increases as the region studied encompasses a wider zone on either side of the border. These findings lend support to the hypothesis that night-time light can be a useful source for monitoring humanitarian crises such as that unfolding in Syria.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0143-1161 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 1874  
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