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Author Lee, H. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Do We Use Artificial Light Appropriately? Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Psychiatry Investigation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 15 Issue 12 Pages  
  Keywords (up) Commentary; Human Health  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2314  
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Author Hatori, M.; Gronfier, C.; Van Gelder, R.N.; Bernstein, P.S.; Carreras, J.; Panda, S.; Marks, F.; Sliney, D.; Hunt, C.E.; Hirota, T.; Furukawa, T.; Tsubota, K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Global rise of potential health hazards caused by blue light-induced circadian disruption in modern aging societies Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication NPJ Aging and Mechanisms of Disease Abbreviated Journal NPJ Aging Mech Dis  
  Volume 3 Issue Pages 9  
  Keywords (up) Commentary; Human Health  
  Abstract Mammals receive light information through the eyes, which perform two major functions: image forming vision to see objects and non-image forming adaptation of physiology and behavior to light. Cone and rod photoreceptors form images and send the information via retinal ganglion cells to the brain for image reconstruction. In contrast, nonimage-forming photoresponses vary widely from adjustment of pupil diameter to adaptation of the circadian clock. nonimage-forming responses are mediated by retinal ganglion cells expressing the photopigment melanopsin. Melanopsin-expressing cells constitute 1-2% of retinal ganglion cells in the adult mammalian retina, are intrinsically photosensitive, and integrate photic information from rods and cones to control nonimage-forming adaptation. Action spectra of ipRGCs and of melanopsin photopigment peak around 480 nm blue light. Understanding melanopsin function lets us recognize considerable physiological effects of blue light, which is increasingly important in our modern society that uses light-emitting diode. Misalignment of circadian rhythmicity is observed in numerous conditions, including aging, and is thought to be involved in the development of age-related disorders, such as depression, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and cancer. The appropriate regulation of circadian rhythmicity by proper lighting is therefore essential. This perspective introduces the potential risks of excessive blue light for human health through circadian rhythm disruption and sleep deprivation. Knowing the positive and negative aspects, this study claims the importance of being exposed to light at optimal times and intensities during the day, based on the concept of the circadian clock, ultimately to improve quality of life to have a healthy and longer life.  
  Address Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo Japan.0000 0004 1936 9959grid.26091.3c  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2056-3973 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes PMID:28649427; PMCID:PMC5473809 Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2462  
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Author Cherrie, J.W. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Shedding Light on the Association between Night Work and Breast Cancer Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Annals of Work Exposures and Health Abbreviated Journal Ann Work Expo Health  
  Volume 63 Issue 6 Pages 608–611  
  Keywords (up) Commentary; Human Health; Cancer; Breast cancer; shift work  
  Abstract Shift work that involves circadian disruption has been classified as probably carcinogenic to humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, although more recent epidemiological evidence is not consistent. Several mechanisms have been postulated to explain an association between night work and female breast cancer, but the most likely is suppression of the hormone melatonin by light exposure at night. Three articles recently published in this journal describe aspects of exposure to light during night work. These articles and other evidence suggest that nighttime light levels may not always be sufficient to affect melatonin production, which could in part explain the inconsistencies in the epidemiological data. There is need to improve the specificity and reliability of exposure assessments in future epidemiological studies of night shift workers.  
  Address Institute of Occupational Medicine, Research Avenue North, Edinburgh, UK  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2398-7308 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:31175355 Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2530  
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Author Martinsons, C.; Attia, D.; Behar-Cohen, F.; Carré, S.; Enouf, O.; Falcón, J.; Gronfier, C.; Hicks, D.; Metlaine, A.; Tahkamo, L.; Torriglia, A.; Viénot, F. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Correspondence: An appraisal of the effects on human health and the environment of using light-emitting diodes Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Lighting Research & Technology Abbreviated Journal Lighting Research & Technology  
  Volume 51 Issue 8 Pages 1275-1276  
  Keywords (up) Commentary; Human Health; Ecology  
  Abstract In May 2019, a collective appraisal report of the effects on human health and the environment of systems using light emitting diodes(LEDs) was published by ANSES, the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety. Here, the experts involved in this work provide anover view of their conclusions and recommendations.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1477-1535 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2789  
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Author Donker, D. W. url  openurl
  Title Light and noise nuisance … deciphered yet underappreciated ‘Rosetta Stone’ of the modern ICU? Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Netherlands Journal of Critical Care Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 27 Issue 4 Pages 144  
  Keywords (up) Commentary; Human Health; hospitals; Department of Intensive Care Unit; health care  
  Abstract In everyday life, we take for granted that public authorities protect us from an unhealthy environment, including light and noise pollution. In recent years, about 1200 kilometres of noise barriers have been built alongside Dutch highways with costs approaching a billion euros. Also, more than 50 cities in the Netherlands have successfully taken initiatives to reduce the artificial light pollution in the past six years, as our country is well known to rank among the literally most illuminated ones in the world. These investments seem to be reasonable as adverse health effects from environmental light and noise pollution have long and widely been recognised. How these potentially detrimental effects of artificial light and distressing noise acting on the human body translate into the best possible care that we strive to provide within our modern ICU environment is an area of increasing professional awareness, interest and research. Yet, we all realise that not only light and noise, but numerous physical and psychological stressors may negatively affect individual ICU patients. Also, the impact of these factors may vary considerably among individuals, which makes it even more difficult for caregivers to prioritise among apparently competing aspects of care in their daily practice. A comprehensive, narrative review by Koen Simons and colleagues in this issue of the Netherlands Journal of Critical Care provides us with up-to-date information on the ‘impact of intensive care unit light and noise exposure on critically ill patients’.Here, we gain more insights and learn how a multimodal approach to our ICU environment may aid to optimise light exposure and reduce noise. This may not only improve our patients’ sleep and general wellbeing, but also

reduce the incidence of delirium. The latter seems especially relevant since the pharmacological prevention of delirium has repeatedly been shown to be disappointing, as recently confirmed again in a large Dutch trial. All this evidence sets the stage to further promote nonpharmacological interventions in the ICU to prevent delirium. Therefore, we should do our best to limit controllable stressors in the ICU in order to improve patient comfort and hopefully enhance the individual prognosis. As our traditional focus on the medical and technical aspects of critical care has led us to asymptotically reach current therapeutic optima; human factors and soft skills are no longer far in the horizon of the modern ICU.
 
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  Publisher NJCC Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2625  
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