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Author Kruse, F.A.; Elvidge, C.D.
Title Identifying and mapping night lights using imaging spectrometry Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Proceedings of Aerospace Conference, 2011 IEEE, March 5-11 2011. Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 1 - 6
Keywords Instrumentation
Abstract Remote mapping of night lights using the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) has been used for decades to inventory the global distribution of human activity. ©± The coarse spatial and spectral resolution of DMSP, however, has precluded discrimination of lighting types or spectral characteristics. Recent demonstrations using photography from the International Space Station and airborne multispectral simulations demonstrate significant potential, but high-spectral-resolution field and laboratory measurements indicate that these methods do not take full advantage of the spectral information available. This research demonstrates the use of imaging spectrometer data to identify, characterize, and map urban lighting based on comparison to a lights spectral library. The library provides information about spectral emission lines unique to specific lighting types. ProSpecTIR-VS imaging spectrometer data of Las Vegas, Nevada were analyzed to extract spectral features and these were compared to the spectral library measurements on a pixel-by-pixel basis, resulting in a detailed spatial map showing different lighting types. The nature and distribution of lights can be used as a surrogate for characterization of urban settings, and measurement of urban development.
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 470
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Author Müller, A.; Wuchterl, G.; Sarazin, M.
Title Measuring the Night Sky Brightness with the Lightmeter. Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication ReVMexAA Abbreviated Journal
Volume 41 Issue Pages 46–49
Keywords Instrumentation; instrumentation: photometers; light pollution; methods: data analysis; methods: observational; site testing
Abstract We present a newly developed, low-cost photometer for long-term monitoring of the night sky brightness and

light pollution on Earth. The so-called Lightmeter is an as far as possible stand-alone operational, fully

weatherproof, and maintenance-free device. It provides a high data sampling rate of up to 1 Hz as well as a

superb sensitivity covering the whole brightness range down to the darkest night time conditions. The excellent

performance of the Lightmeter allows a continuously monitoring of the night sky brightness and opens a wide

range of applications at an observatory site like determining overall sky conditions in real time, cloud detection

and estimation of their velocity, measuring relative changes in extinction as well as the detection of long term

trends in brightness caused by an increase of artificial illumination. We will present first results of measurements

taken at Cerro Armazones, one of the best obser
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 471
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Author Cinzano, P.
Title Night Sky Photometry with Sky Quality Meter Type Journal Article
Year 2005 Publication Technical Report 9, ISTIL. V1.4. Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Instrumentation; light pollution; night sky brightness; photometry; instruments; calibration
Abstract Sky Quality Meter, a low cost and pocket size night sky brightness photometer, opens to the general public the possibility to quantify the quality of the night sky. Expecting a large diffusion of measurements taken with this instrument, I tested and characterized it. I analyzed with synthetic photometry and laboratory measurements the relationship between the SQM photometrical system and the main systems used in light pollution studies. I evaluated the conversion factors to Johnson’s B and V bands, CIE photopic and CIE scotopic responses for typical spectra and the spectral mismatch correction factors when specific filters are added.
Address Dipartimento di Astronomia, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 2, I-35100 Padova, Italy; cinzano(at)lplab.it
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Publisher ISTIL Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 473
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Author Longcore, T.; Rich, C.; Mineau, P.; MacDonald, B.; Bert, D.G.; Sullivan, L.M.; Mutrie, E.; Gauthreaux, S.A.J.; Avery, M.L.; Crawford, R.L.; Manville, A.M. 2nd; Travis, E.R.; Drake, D.
Title An estimate of avian mortality at communication towers in the United States and Canada Type Journal Article
Year 2012 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One
Volume 7 Issue 4 Pages e34025
Keywords Ecology; Accidents/*statistics & numerical data; Altitude; Animals; Birds/*injuries; Canada; Computer Communication Networks/*instrumentation; Conservation of Natural Resources/*statistics & numerical data; *Flight, Animal; *Mortality; Regression Analysis; United States
Abstract Avian mortality at communication towers in the continental United States and Canada is an issue of pressing conservation concern. Previous estimates of this mortality have been based on limited data and have not included Canada. We compiled a database of communication towers in the continental United States and Canada and estimated avian mortality by tower with a regression relating avian mortality to tower height. This equation was derived from 38 tower studies for which mortality data were available and corrected for sampling effort, search efficiency, and scavenging where appropriate. Although most studies document mortality at guyed towers with steady-burning lights, we accounted for lower mortality at towers without guy wires or steady-burning lights by adjusting estimates based on published studies. The resulting estimate of mortality at towers is 6.8 million birds per year in the United States and Canada. Bootstrapped subsampling indicated that the regression was robust to the choice of studies included and a comparison of multiple regression models showed that incorporating sampling, scavenging, and search efficiency adjustments improved model fit. Estimating total avian mortality is only a first step in developing an assessment of the biological significance of mortality at communication towers for individual species or groups of species. Nevertheless, our estimate can be used to evaluate this source of mortality, develop subsequent per-species mortality estimates, and motivate policy action.
Address The Urban Wildlands Group, Los Angeles, California, United States of America. longcore@urbanwildlands.org
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ISSN 1932-6203 ISBN Medium
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Notes PMID:22558082; PMCID:PMC3338802 Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 475
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Author Ma, S.; Yan, W.; Huang, Y.-X.; Ai, W.-H.; Zhao, X.
Title Vicarious calibration of S-NPP/VIIRS day-night band using deep convective clouds Type Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication Remote Sensing of Environment Abbreviated Journal Remote Sensing of Environment
Volume 158 Issue Pages 42-55
Keywords Instrumentation, Remote Sensing
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ISSN 0034-4257 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 1077
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