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Author Schreuder, D.A.
Title Pollution-Free Road Lighting Type Journal Article
Year 2001 Publication (down) Transactions of the International Astronomical Union Abbreviated Journal Trans. Int. Astron. Union
Volume 24 Issue 03 Pages 364
Keywords Lighting; Skyglow
Abstract The beneficial effects of road lighting are often seen as very important. They relate to reducing road accidents and some forms of crime but also enhance the social safety of residents and pedestrians and the amenity for residents. Road traffic in developing countries is much more hazardous than in industrialized countries. Accident rates in ‘low’ income countries may be as much as 35 times higher than in ‘high’ income countries. Thus, it might be much more cost-effective to light roads in the developing world than in the industrialized world. Fighting light pollution is more pressing in developing countries as most of the major high-class astronomical observatories are there. Astronomical observations are disturbed by light from outdoor lighting installations, part of which is scattered in the atmosphere to form ‘sky glow’. The International Lighting Commission CIE has published a Technical Report giving general guidance for lighting designers and policy makers on the reduction of the sky glow.
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ISSN 0251-107X ISBN Medium
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Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1726
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Author Blood, W.H.
Title What is street lighting? Type Journal Article
Year 1907 Publication (down) Transactions of the Illuminating Engineering Society Abbreviated Journal
Volume 2 Issue Pages 633-644
Keywords Lighting; History
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2742
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Author Luecke, C.; Wurtsbaugh, W.A.
Title Effects of Moonlight and Daylight on Hydroacoustic Estimates of Pelagic Fish Abundance Type Journal Article
Year 1993 Publication (down) Transactions of the American Fisheries Society Abbreviated Journal Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
Volume 122 Issue 1 Pages 112-120
Keywords animals; moonlight
Abstract To determine how moonlight and daylight affect hydroacoustic estimates of fish abundance, we used a dual-beam transducer and echo integration to survey pelagic fish (primarily Bonneville ciscoes Prosopium gemmifer) in Bear Lake, Utah and Idaho. During the new moon, the fish were dispersed (not schooling) below the thermocline, chiefly at the depths of 10–20 m. At full moon, they were dispersed but much closer to the bottom, where they were difficult to detect. Acoustic estimates offish density and biomass during full moons were approximately 50% of values derived during new moons. A diel survey during a new moon indicated that fish were widely dispersed in the water column at night, but formed schools at dawn. Our study indicated that light conditions must be standardized to insure consistent and comparable population estimates of some pelagic fishes.
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ISSN 0002-8487 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1563
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Author Wanvik, P.O.
Title Effects of road lighting on motorways Type Journal Article
Year 2009 Publication (down) Traffic Injury Prevention Abbreviated Journal Traffic Inj Prev
Volume 10 Issue 3 Pages 279-289
Keywords Lighting; Public Safety; Security
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The study has three objectives. The first is to investigate how the effect of road lighting on motorway accidents varies with different weather and road surface conditions. The second is to evaluate the future benefit of road lighting as a safety measure on motorways. The third is to evaluate the need for further research in the field of motorway lighting. METHOD: This article presents a cross-sectional study of the effects of road lighting on motorways mainly in The Netherlands. The main source of data is a Dutch database of accidents covering the period 1987-2006, but British and Swedish data are also used. RESULTS: The effect of road lighting on motorways is found to be greater in The Netherlands than in Great Britain or Sweden. Reasons for this are not known. Effects are found to vary according to background characteristics and are lesser during precipitation than during fine weather and on wet road surfaces than on dry surfaces. No effect of road lighting is found during fog. Collision with light poles constitutes a large number of accidents on lit motorways and reduces the safety effect of road lighting. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of road lighting on injury accidents during darkness is found to be very high (-49%) on Dutch motorways. However, the effect seems to vary between countries. Collisions with light poles reduce the effect of road lighting. Road lighting will probably be an effective safety measures on motorways for many years. In the long term, however, the benefit of road lighting will probably be reduced along with the implementation of new vehicle and road technology. Modern technology permits a continuous adaptation of luminance levels to optimize the effect of road lighting on safety while at the same time minimizing energy consumption. However, more detailed knowledge concerning the effects of road lighting at different lighting levels is needed in order to use this technology effectively. Alternative or additional measures like LED guide lights and light road surfaces also need to be evaluated.
Address Norwegian Public Roads Administration, Region South, Serviceboks 723, Arendal, Norway. per.wanvik@vegvesen.no
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Language English Summary Language Original Title
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ISSN 1538-9588 ISBN Medium
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Notes PMID:19452370 Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1788
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Author Ritter, J.
Title Lichtplanungist out – eslebe das Lichtdesign / Light planning is out – long live lighting design. Type Journal Article
Year 2004 Publication (down) Topos Abbreviated Journal
Volume 46 Issue Pages 39–45
Keywords Lighting
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1059
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