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Author Owen, D. url  openurl
  Title The Dark Side. Making war on light pollution Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication The New Yorker Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Lighting  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 791  
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Author Saraiji, R,; Oommen, M.S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Dominant contrast as a metric for the lighting of pedestrians Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Vision; Lighting; Public Safety  
  Abstract CIE Publication 115 and ANSI/IESNA Recommended Practice 8-00 both use vertical illuminance 1.5 m above the ground as a design criterion for the lighting of pedestrians. While vertical illuminance has the advantage of being easy to calculate and measure, visibility is based primarily on target contrast. A central question related to the visibility of pedestrians is whether drivers need to see the whole pedestrian or can they infer the presence of a pedestrian by recognizing any part of the pedestrian’s shape. The objective of this work was to first explore various pedestrian contrast profiles that could exist and then to find a simplified approach to characterize pedestrian night-time visibility. The problem was addressed through theoretical analyses and computer simulations. Pedestrian contrast was found to be bipolar and dynamic. From the contrast profiles, we developed the concept of dominant contrast, which is defined as the contrast of any part of the pedestrian that provides the highest visibility. Dominant contrast was examined as a metric for street lighting design and night time visibility for (a) an unlit street with car headlights, (b) a lit street without car headlights and (c) a lit street with car headlights. Dominant contrast was found to be a viable metric for street lighting design and night time visibility studies.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 854  
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Author Völker, S.; Krenz, P. url  openurl
  Title Entwicklung von Maßzahlen für adaptive Beleuchtungssysteme Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication In: Held, M., Hölker, F. & Jessel, B. (2013) Schutz der Nacht – Lichtverschmutzung, Biodiversität und Nachtlandschaft. – BfN-Skripten Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 336 Issue Pages 87-90  
  Keywords Lighting  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 857  
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Author Hölker, F. url  openurl
  Title Naturverträgliche Stadtbeleuchtung und Vermeidung von Lichtverschmutzung Type Conference Article
  Year 2009 Publication Modernisierung der Stadtbeleuchtung. Tagungsdokumentation 05. November 2009. Berlin: NABU Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages 15-16  
  Keywords Lighting  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor Große Ruse E, Wachholz C  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 858  
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Author Reinboth, C.; Fischer-Hirchert, U.; David, T. url  openurl
  Title Neues Licht für Städte und Kommunen Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Optik & Photonik Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 4 Issue Pages 36–39  
  Keywords Lighting  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 859  
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