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Author Pantoni, R.; Fonseca, C.; Brandão, D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Street Lighting System Based on Wireless Sensor Networks. Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Chapter 16 in Energy Efficiency – The Innovative Ways for Smart Energy, the Future Towards Modern Utilities, M Eissa ed. Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Lighting Systems  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 447  
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Author Mattfeld, M.; Ehlers, F.; Reichenback, M. openurl 
  Title Optimising the Lighting Equipment on the Mittelplate Drilling and Production Island in the German Wadden Sea Tidelands. Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Oil Gas European Magazine Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 38 Issue Pages 90-94  
  Keywords Ecology; Lighting Systems  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 476  
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Author Hölker, F.; Moss, T.; Griefahn, B.; Kloas, W.; Voigt, C.; et al. url  openurl
  Title The Dark Side of Light: A Transdisciplinary Research Agenda for Light Pollution Policy Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Ecol Soc Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 15 Issue 4 Pages  
  Keywords Ecology; artificial light; energy efficiency; lighting concept; light pollution; nightscape; policy; sustainability; transdisciplinary  
  Abstract Although the invention and widespread use of artificial light is clearly one of the most important human technological advances, the transformation of nightscapes is increasingly recognized as having adverse effects. Night lighting may have serious physiological consequences for humans, ecological and evolutionary implications for animal and plant populations, and may reshape entire ecosystems. However, knowledge on the adverse effects of light pollution is vague. In response to climate change and energy shortages, many countries, regions, and communities are developing new lighting programs and concepts with a strong focus on energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions. Given the dramatic increase in artificial light at night (0 – 20% per year, depending on geographic region), we see an urgent need for light pollution policies that go beyond energy efficiency to include human well-being, the structure and functioning of ecosystems, and inter-related socioeconomic consequences. Such a policy shift will require a sound transdisciplinary understanding of the significance of the night, and its loss, for humans and the natural systems upon which we depend. Knowledge is also urgently needed on suitable lighting technologies and concepts which are ecologically, socially, and economically sustainable. Unless managing darkness becomes an integral part of future conservation and lighting policies, modern society may run into a global self-experiment with unpredictable outcomes.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 478  
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Author Cinzano, P. url  openurl
  Title Technical Measures for an effective limitation of the effects of light pollution. Type Journal Article
  Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Lighting  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ schroer @ Serial 574  
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Author Cinzano, P.; Javier, F.; Castro, D.; Astronomia, D.; Padova, U. url  openurl
  Title The artificial sky luminance and the emission angles of the upward light flux. Type Journal Article
  Year 1998 Publication arXiv preprint astro-ph Abbreviated Journal (up)  
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  Keywords Lighting  
  Abstract The direction of the upward light emission has different polluting effects on the sky depending on the distance of the observation site. We studied with detailed models for light pollution propagation the ratio (bH)/(bL), at given distances from a city, between the artificial sky luminance bH produced by its upward light emission between a given threshold angle θ0 and the vertical and the artificial sky luminance bL produced by its upward light emission between the horizontal and the threshold angle θ0. Our results show that as the distance from the city increases the effects of the emission at high angles above the horizontal decrease relative to the effects of emission at lower angles above the horizontal. Outside some kilometers from cities or towns the light emitted between the horizontal and 10\deg ~is as important as the light emitted at all the other angles in producing the artificial sky luminance. Therefore the protection of a site requires also a careful control of this emission which needs to be reduced to at most 1/10 of the remaining emission. The emission between the horizontal and 10\deg ~is mostly produced by spill light from luminaires, so fully shielded fixtures (e.g. flat glass luminaires or asymmetric spot-lights installed without any tilt) are needed for this purpose.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ schroer @ Serial 575  
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