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Author Saraiji, R,; Oommen, M.S.
Title Dominant contrast as a metric for the lighting of pedestrians Type Journal Article
Year 2014 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Vision; Lighting; Public Safety
Abstract CIE Publication 115 and ANSI/IESNA Recommended Practice 8-00 both use vertical illuminance 1.5 m above the ground as a design criterion for the lighting of pedestrians. While vertical illuminance has the advantage of being easy to calculate and measure, visibility is based primarily on target contrast. A central question related to the visibility of pedestrians is whether drivers need to see the whole pedestrian or can they infer the presence of a pedestrian by recognizing any part of the pedestrian’s shape. The objective of this work was to first explore various pedestrian contrast profiles that could exist and then to find a simplified approach to characterize pedestrian night-time visibility. The problem was addressed through theoretical analyses and computer simulations. Pedestrian contrast was found to be bipolar and dynamic. From the contrast profiles, we developed the concept of dominant contrast, which is defined as the contrast of any part of the pedestrian that provides the highest visibility. Dominant contrast was examined as a metric for street lighting design and night time visibility for (a) an unlit street with car headlights, (b) a lit street without car headlights and (c) a lit street with car headlights. Dominant contrast was found to be a viable metric for street lighting design and night time visibility studies.
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 854
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Author Völker, S.; Krenz, P.
Title Entwicklung von Maßzahlen für adaptive Beleuchtungssysteme Type Journal Article
Year 2013 Publication In: Held, M., Hölker, F. & Jessel, B. (2013) Schutz der Nacht – Lichtverschmutzung, Biodiversität und Nachtlandschaft. – BfN-Skripten Abbreviated Journal
Volume 336 Issue Pages 87-90
Keywords Lighting
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 857
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Author Hölker, F.
Title Naturverträgliche Stadtbeleuchtung und Vermeidung von Lichtverschmutzung Type Conference Article
Year 2009 Publication Modernisierung der Stadtbeleuchtung. Tagungsdokumentation 05. November 2009. Berlin: NABU Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 15-16
Keywords Lighting
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Publisher Place of Publication Editor Große Ruse E, Wachholz C
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 858
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Author Reinboth, C.; Fischer-Hirchert, U.; David, T.
Title Neues Licht für Städte und Kommunen Type Journal Article
Year 2009 Publication Optik & Photonik Abbreviated Journal
Volume 4 Issue Pages 36–39
Keywords Lighting
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 859
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Author Bieske, K.; Schierz, C.
Title Dynamic Lighting – Perception of Luminous Colour Variation. Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication In Proceedings of CIE 2010 „Lighting quality and energy efficiency“. Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 290–297
Keywords Lighting
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 997
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