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Author Yao, Y.
Title Correlation of Human Activities with Population and GDP in Chinese Cities -Based on the Data of DMSP-OLS. Type Journal Article
Year 2012 Publication International Journal of Economics and Management Engineering Abbreviated Journal
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Keywords Remote Sensing
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 487
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Author Lolkema, D.T.; et al
Title Position Paper from the User Community Earth Observation of Nighttime Lighting Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Unpublished position paper Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages (up)
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Artificial night lighting is a unique sign of human activity. Pictures from space show us

beautifully and strikingly how we illuminate our planet. Light emission (and low-light

reflection) data can aid research in numerous fields, from socio-economic studies, via light

pollution, to emergency response. The only instrument currently capable of measuring

nighttime lights from space is the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program – Operational

Linescan System (DMSP-OLS). Although this unique dataset was the first to allow analysis

of our nighttime activities, it has many shortcomings, such as rather coarse spatial resolution

(2.5 km ground sampling distance), only panchromatic visible spectral information and no

visible band calibration, 6-bit quantification, saturation and overglow. By the end of 2011, a

new instrument will be launched, the Visible-Infrared Imager-Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)

onboard the NPOESS1

Preparatory Project (NPP) satellite. This instrument remedies some of

the shortcomings of the DMSP-OLS instrument, but it still is not designed for earth

observation of nighttime lighting and lacks many specifications we advocate here. On June

10th 2011, the High Sensitivity Camera (HSC) onboard the Aquarius/SAC-D satellite was

launched successfully. This instrument has a panchromatic band (450 – 610 nm) and a

resolution of 200-300 meters. The foreseen products and other characteristics are yet

unknown to the authors.
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 489
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Author Zamorano Calvo, J.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.; Pascual Ramírez, S.; Gómez Castaño, J.; Ramírez Moreta, P.; Challupner, P.
Title ISS nocturnal images as a scientific tool against Light Pollution Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Unpublished working paper submitted to NASA JSC Imaging Lab Abbreviated Journal
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Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract The potential of the night pictures taken from the International Space Station (ISS) with a Nikon D3s digital camera to fight against light pollution is shown. A scientific analysis of ISS026-E-26493 RAW image of Madrid at night with techniques used by astronomers and cartographers is performed. We suggest an observational setup to obtain useful scientific information from the pictures including series of exposures and calibration frames.
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 492
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Author Paulino, C.; Escudero, L.
Title Use of Night Satellite Imagery to Monitor the Squid Fishery in Peru Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication Case study 10 of Handbook of Satellite Remote Sensing Image Interpretation: Applications for Marine Living Resources Conservation and Management Abbreviated Journal
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Keywords Remote Sensing
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 493
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Author Aubé, M.; Franchomme-Fossé, L.; Robert-Staehler, P.; Houle, V.
Title Light pollution modeling and detection in a heterogeneous environment: toward a night time aerosol optical depth retrieval method. Type Journal Article
Year 2005 Publication Proceedings of SPIE 2005 -- Volume 5890, San Diego, California, USA. Abbreviated Journal
Volume 5890 Issue Pages (up)
Keywords Skyglow; aerosol optical depth;  remote sensing; light pollution; artificial skyglow
Abstract Tracking the Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) is of particular importance in monitoring aerosol contributions to global radiative forcing. Until now, the two standard techniques used for retrieving AOD were; (i) sun photometry, and (ii) satellite based approaches, such as based DDV (Dense Dark Vegetation) inversion algorithms. These methods are only available for use during daylight time since they are based on direct or indirect observation of sunlight. Few attempts have been made to measure AOD behaviour at night. One such method uses spectrally ­ calibrated stars as reference targets but the number of available stars is limited. This is especially true for urban sites where artificial lighting hides most  of these stars. In this research, we  attempt  to provide an alternate method, one  which exploits artificial sky glow or light pollution. This methodology links a 3D light pollution model with in situ light pollution measurements. The basic idea is to adjust an AOD value into the model in order to fit measured light pollution. This method requires an accurate model that includes spatial heterogeneity in lighting angular geometry, in lighting spectral dependence, in ground spectral reflectance and in topography. This model, named ILLUMINA, computes 1st and 2nd order molecular and aerosol scattering, as well as aerosol absorption. These model features represent major improvements to previous light pollution models. Therefore, new possibilities for light pollution studies will arise, many of which are of particular interest to the astronomical community. In this paper we will present a first sensitive study applied to the ILLUMINA model.
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 554
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