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Author Cinzano, P.; Falchi, F.; Elvidge, C.D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Naked-eye star visibility and limiting magnitude mapped from DMSP-OLS satellite data Type Journal Article
  Year (up) 2001 Publication Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society  
  Volume 323 Issue 1 Pages 34-46  
  Keywords light at night; remote sensing; GTOPO30; DMSP; light pollution; modeling; mapping  
  Abstract We extend the method introduced by Cinzano et al. (2000a) to map the artificial sky brightness in large territories from DMSP satellite data, in order to map the naked eye star visibility and telescopic limiting magnitudes. For these purposes we take into account the altitude of each land area from GTOPO30 world elevation data, the natural sky brightness in the chosen sky direction, based on Garstang modelling, the eye capability with naked eye or a telescope, based on the Schaefer (1990) and Garstang (2000b) approach, and the stellar extinction in the visual photometric band. For near zenith sky directions we also take into account screening by terrain elevation. Maps of naked eye star visibility and telescopic limiting magnitudes are useful to quantify the capability of the population to perceive our Universe, to evaluate the future evolution, to make cross correlations with statistical parameters and to recognize areas where astronomical observations or popularisation can still acceptably be made. We present, as an application, maps of naked eye star visibility and total sky brightness in V band in Europe at the zenith with a resolution of approximately 1 km.  
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  ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 175  
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Author Sutton, P.; Roberts, D.; Elvidge, C.; Baugh, K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Census from Heaven: An estimate of the global human population using night-time satellite imagery Type Journal Article
  Year (up) 2001 Publication International Journal of Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal International Journal of Remote Sensing  
  Volume 22 Issue 16 Pages 3061-3076  
  Keywords light at night; DMSP-OLS; remote sensing; satellite  
  Abstract Night-time satellite imagery provided by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program's Operational Linescan System (DMSP OLS) is evaluated as a means of estimating the population of all the cities of the world based on their areal extent in the image. A global night-time image product was registered to a dataset of 2000 known city locations with known populations. A relationship between areal extent and city population discovered by Tobler and Nordbeck is identified on a nation by nation basis to estimate the population of the 22 920 urban clusters that exist in the night-time satellite image. The relationship between city population and city areal extent was derived from 1597 city point locations with known population that landed in a 'lit' area of the image. Due to conurbation, these 1597 cities resulted in only 1383 points of analysis for performing regression. When several cities fell into one 'lit' area their populations were summed. The results of this analysis allow for an estimate of the urban population of every nation of the world. By using the known percent of population in urban areas for every nation a total national population was also estimated. The sum of these estimates is a total estimate of the global human population, which in this case was 6.3 billion. This is fairly close to the generally accepted contemporaneous (1997) estimate of the global population which stood at approximately 5.9 billion.  
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  ISSN 0143-1161 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 234  
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Author Lo, C. P. url  openurl
  Title Modeling the population of China using DMSP operational linescan system nighttime data. Type Journal Article
  Year (up) 2001 Publication Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 67 Issue 9 Pages 1037–1047  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 957  
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Author Elvidge, C.D.; Imhoff, M.L.; Baugh, K.E.; Hobson, V.R.; Nelson, I.; Safran, J.; Dietz, J.B.; Tuttle, B.T. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Night-time lights of the world: 1994–1995 Type Journal Article
  Year (up) 2001 Publication ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing  
  Volume 56 Issue 2 Pages 81-99  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Operational Linescan System (OLS) has a unique low-light imaging capability developed for the detection of clouds using moonlight. In addition to moonlit clouds, the OLS also detects lights from human settlements, fires, gas flares, heavily lit fishing boats, lightning and the aurora. By analysing the location, frequency, and appearance of lights observed in an image time series, it is possible to distinguish four primary types of lights present at the earth's surface: human settlements, gas flares, fires, and fishing boats. We have produced a global map of the four types of light sources as observed during a 6-month time period in 1994–1995. We review a number of environmental applications that have been developed or proposed based on the night-time light data. We examine the relationship between area of lighting, population, economic activity, electric power consumption, and energy related carbon emissions for 200 nations, representing 99% of the world's population.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0924-2716 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2009  
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Author Cardiel, N.; Gorgas, J.; Gallego J.; Serrano, A.; Zamorano, J.; Garcia-Vargas, M.-L.; Gomez-Cambronero, P.; Filgueira, J.M. url  openurl
  Title Proper handling of random errors and distortions in astronomical data analysis. Type Report
  Year (up) 2002 Publication Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 297–304  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 911  
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