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Author (up) Outen, A. R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The ecological effects of road lighting Type Book Chapter
  Year 2002 Publication In: Sherwood, B.R.; Cutler, D. und Burton, J. (Hrsg.): Wildlife and Roads: The Ecological Impact. London Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 133-155  
  Keywords Public Safety; Animals; Conservation  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 700  
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Author (up) Ramsay, M.; Newton, R. url  openurl
  Title THE EFFECT OF BETTER STREET LIGHTING ON CRIME AND FEAR: A REVIEW Type Journal Article
  Year 1991 Publication Crime prevention unit paper No. 29, London Home Office Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Public Safety  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 455  
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Author (up) Raynham, P.; Unwin, J.; Khazova, M.; Tolia, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The role of lighting in road traffic collisions Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Lighting Research & Technology Abbreviated Journal Lighting Research & Technology  
  Volume 52 Issue 4 Pages 485-494  
  Keywords Public Safety  
  Abstract The paper reports a study that examines how to determine if a road traffic collision took place in daylight or in the dark. An innovative method was developed, based on solar altitude, to establish cut-off points of daylight and darkness determined from a study of daylight availability in England, Scotland and Wales. This approach provides a rigorous method to differentiate daytime and night-time collisions. The criteria were used in a study of the collisions reported in the STATS19 data set for the weeks either side of the clock changes that are necessary between Greenwich Mean Time and British Summer Time. By comparing periods with the same clock time either side of the time change, using the aforementioned method, it was possible to isolate collisions within the same time period that during one week occurred in darkness and in the other week in daylight. The initial finding was that there are 19.3% more collisions in the dark periods and there is an even greater increase (31.7%) in pedestrian injuries.  
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  ISSN 1477-1535 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2991  
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Author (up) Rea, M.; Skinner, N.; Bullough, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Novel Barricade Warning Light System Using Wireless Communications Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication SAE Technical Paper 2018-01-5036 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume In press Issue Pages  
  Keywords Lighting; Safety  
  Abstract Workers in construction and transportation sectors are at increased risk for work-related injuries and fatalities by nearby traffic. Barricade-mounted warning lights meeting current specifications do not always provide consistent and adequate visual guidance to drivers and can contribute to glare and reduced safety. Through an implementation of sensors and wireless communications, a novel, intelligent set of warning lights and a tablet-based interface were developed. The lights modulate between 100% and 10% of maximum intensity rather than between 100% and off in order to improve visual guidance and adjust their overall intensity based on ambient conditions. The lights can be synchronized or operated in sequential flash patterns at any frequency between 1 and 4 Hz, and sequential patterns automatically update based on global positioning satellite (GPS) locations displayed in the control interface. A successful field demonstration of the system verified that its functions were viewed favorably by transportation safety personnel.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number NC @ ehyde3 @ Serial 2117  
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Author (up) Rea, M.S.; Bullough, J.D.; Brons, M.S. url  openurl
  Title Spectral considerations for outdoor lighting: Designing for perceived scene brightness Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal Lighting Res. & Tech.  
  Volume 47 Issue 8 Pages 909-919  
  Keywords Public Safety; outdoor lighting; photopic; photopic illuminance; human vision; metrics; task lighting; parking lots  
  Abstract Photopic illuminance is the photometric metric used today for specifying parking lot lighting levels. The photopic luminous efficiency function does not represent the spectral sensitivity of the perceived scene brightness of parking lots. Sources with a greater proportion of short-wavelength radiation will be seen as brighter for the same photopic illuminance. Moreover, the psychological benefit of providing people with a sense of safety and security in a parking lot is better correlated with the perceived brightness of the parking lot than with its photopic illuminance. Because photopic illuminance is not predictive of the psychological benefit expected from the parking lot lighting system, electric energy will be unnecessarily wasted if specifications are based upon this metric. Specifying parking lot lighting with a benefit metric based upon perceived scene brightness could reduce electric power requirements as well as the amount of radiant energy reflecting from the pavement and escaping into the night sky. A method of equating brightness for different spectral power distributions is provided.  
  Address Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1074  
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