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Author Ramsay, M.; Newton, R.
Title THE EFFECT OF BETTER STREET LIGHTING ON CRIME AND FEAR: A REVIEW Type Journal Article
Year 1991 Publication Crime prevention unit paper No. 29, London Home Office Abbreviated Journal
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Keywords Public Safety
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 455
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Author Outen, A. R.
Title The ecological effects of road lighting Type Book Chapter
Year 2002 Publication In: Sherwood, B.R.; Cutler, D. und Burton, J. (Hrsg.): Wildlife and Roads: The Ecological Impact. London Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 133-155
Keywords Public Safety; Animals; Conservation
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 700
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Author Saraiji, R,; Oommen, M.S.
Title Dominant contrast as a metric for the lighting of pedestrians Type Journal Article
Year 2014 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal
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Keywords Vision; Lighting; Public Safety
Abstract CIE Publication 115 and ANSI/IESNA Recommended Practice 8-00 both use vertical illuminance 1.5 m above the ground as a design criterion for the lighting of pedestrians. While vertical illuminance has the advantage of being easy to calculate and measure, visibility is based primarily on target contrast. A central question related to the visibility of pedestrians is whether drivers need to see the whole pedestrian or can they infer the presence of a pedestrian by recognizing any part of the pedestrian’s shape. The objective of this work was to first explore various pedestrian contrast profiles that could exist and then to find a simplified approach to characterize pedestrian night-time visibility. The problem was addressed through theoretical analyses and computer simulations. Pedestrian contrast was found to be bipolar and dynamic. From the contrast profiles, we developed the concept of dominant contrast, which is defined as the contrast of any part of the pedestrian that provides the highest visibility. Dominant contrast was examined as a metric for street lighting design and night time visibility for (a) an unlit street with car headlights, (b) a lit street without car headlights and (c) a lit street with car headlights. Dominant contrast was found to be a viable metric for street lighting design and night time visibility studies.
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 854
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Author Blobaum, A.; Hunecke, M.
Title Perceived Danger in Urban Public Space: The Impacts of Physical Features and Personal Factors. Type Journal Article
Year 2005 Publication Environment and Behavior Abbreviated Journal
Volume 37 Issue 4 Pages 465–486
Keywords Society; Safety
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1000
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Author Boyce, P.R.
Title Perceptions of Safety at Night in Different Lighting Conditions Type Journal Article
Year 2000 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal
Volume 32 Issue 2 Pages 79–91
Keywords Society; Safety
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1008
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