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Author Ditton, J.; Nair, G.; Bannister, J.
Title The Cost-Effectiveness of Improved Street Lighting as a Crime Prevention Measure Type Journal Article
Year 1996 Publication The Lighting Journal Abbreviated Journal
Volume 61 Issue 4 Pages 251–256
Keywords Society; Safety
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial (down) 1031
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Author Ditton, J.; Nair, G.
Title Throwing Light on Crime: A Case Study of the Relationship between Street Lighting and Crime Prevention Type Journal Article
Year 1994 Publication Security Journal Abbreviated Journal
Volume 5 Issue 3 Pages 125–132
Keywords Society; Safety
Abstract
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial (down) 1030
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Author Clark, B.A.J.
Title Outdoor Lighting and Crime, Part 2: Coupled Growth. Type Report
Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Security; Society; Safety; crime; public safety
Abstract Experimental evidence about the relationship between outdoor lighting and crime was examined in Part 1 of this work. Although the presence of light tends to allay the fear of crime at night, the balance of evidence from relatively short-term field studies is that increased lighting is ineffective for preventing or deterring actual crime. In this second part, available evidence indicates that darkness inhibits crime, and that crime is more encouraged than deterred by outdoor lighting. A new hypothesis is developed accordingly. Additional quantitative evidence supports the hypothesis. Excessive outdoor lighting appears to facilitate some of the social factors that lead to crime. The proliferation of artificial outdoor lighting has been fostered with little regard for the environmental consequences of wasteful practice. Widely observed exponential increases in artificial skyglow indicate that the growth of outdoor lighting is unsustainable. The natural spectacle of the night sky has already been obliterated for much of the population of the developed world. Copious artificial light has transformed civilisation, but increasing knowledge of its adverse environmental, biological and cultural effects now justifies large overall reductions in outdoor ambient light at night as well as in its waste component. ‘Good’ lighting has to be redefined. Moderation of outdoor ambient light levels may reduce crime in due course, as well as limiting the adverse environmental effects. Lighting controls might provide a means of limiting urbanisation and urban sprawl. National crime prevention policies, laws, lighting standards, architectural use of light and urban planning practice appear in need of fundamental changes.
Address Astronomical Society of Victoria, Inc., Australia
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Self-published Place of Publication Editor
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @; IDA @ john @ Serial (down) 1017
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Author Clark, B.A.J.
Title Outdoor Lighting and Crime, Part 1: Little or No Benefit. Type Journal Article
Year 2002 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Society; Safety
Abstract
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial (down) 1016
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Author Boyce, P.R.; Gutkowski, J.M.
Title The if, why and what of street lighting and street crime: A review Type Journal Article
Year 1995 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal Lighting Research and Technology
Volume 27 Issue 2 Pages 103-112
Keywords Society; Safety
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Corporate Author Thesis
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Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
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ISSN 1477-1535 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial (down) 1009
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