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Author Marchant, P.R.
Title Have new street lighting schemes reduced crime in London? Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Radical Statistics Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) Issue 104 Pages 39-48
Keywords Public Safety
Abstract Crime counts published by the Home Office for the Metropolitan Police

Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership areas have been collated

across the years 2003-2009. The crime counts over time have been

modelled taking into account the ‘multilevel’ (years within areas)

nature of the data. The key variable of interest, as a predictor of

within-area change of crime, is the proportion of a Core Investment

Period of new Private Finance Initiative street lighting which had been

completed up to the given time point as a predictor of within area

change of crime. The final model gave a 95% confidence interval for

the multiplier by which the number of crimes is increased of (0.87,

1.11), for a fully implemented lighting programme, consistent with

zero effect.
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 449
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Author Marchant, P.R.
Title What is the contribution of street lighting to keeping us safe? An investigation into a policy. Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication Radical Statistics Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) Issue 102 Pages 32-42
Keywords Public Safety
Abstract Lighting of roads is said to be of benefit beyond giving the ability to be

able to see in the dark. It is claimed for example that lighting reduces

crime and traffic accidents by a considerable amount and it is

therefore necessary to have it for these reasons. My view remains that

this claim lacks evidence of a sufficiently high standard to warrant

using public safety as an argument. On the other hand there are

reasons why having a lot of light at night might be a bad thing. This

work continues a previous talk and article for Radical Statistics

(Marchant 2006)

My initial interest in this area was sparked through my interest in

astronomy because light pollution makes it hard to appreciate the

wonders of the night sky. It seemed to me that the belief that lighting

reduces crime was questionable…. I then embarked on investigating

the crime reduction claim and found it suspect, as detailed in the

2006 Radical Statistics article. (See also Marchant 2004, 2005, 2007,

2009)
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 450
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Author Morrow, E.N.; Hutton, S.A.
Title The Chicago Alley Lighting Project: Final Evaluation Report Type Journal Article
Year 2000 Publication Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) Issue Pages
Keywords Public Safety
Abstract Begun in October of 1998, the first part of the plan sought to upgrade and improve the city's 175,000 streetlights, which illuminate the arterial and residential streets. The second part of the plan involved repairing and upgrading the lighting in and around viaducts and Chicago Transit Authority stations. The final part of the plan has been to boost lighting levels in alleys across the city as a tool for public safety and fighting crime. In the past, 90-watt lights illuminated most city alleys; alley lighting levels have been increased by installing new fixtures that can accommodate 250-watt bulbs. The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority undertook an evaluation to assess the impact of increased alley lighting on crime rates in two eight-square-block areas, with emphasis on crimes that were most likely to have occurred in alleys. The evaluation first examined change in the experimental area that received increased alley lighting over a 1-year period prior to increased alley lighting and a 1-year period thereafter. Next, change over a 6-month period before and after increased alley lighting was examined for both the experimental area and the control area. The evaluation found that reported offenses increased between the 1-year preinstallation and 1-year postinstallation study period in the experimental area where alley lighting was improved. The evaluation also found that the experimental area experienced more notable increases in reported incidents over a 6-month preinstallation and 6-month postinstallation study period compared to the control area. The evaluation could not provide a definitive explanation of these findings.
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 453
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Author Atkins, S.; Husain, S.; Storey, A.
Title The Influence of Street Lighting on Crime and Fear of Crime". Type Journal Article
Year 1991 Publication Crime prevention unit paper No. 28, London Home Office Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) Issue Pages
Keywords Public Safety
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 454
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Author Ramsay, M.; Newton, R.
Title THE EFFECT OF BETTER STREET LIGHTING ON CRIME AND FEAR: A REVIEW Type Journal Article
Year 1991 Publication Crime prevention unit paper No. 29, London Home Office Abbreviated Journal
Volume (down) Issue Pages
Keywords Public Safety
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 455
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