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Author Stoffels, W.W.
Title Gravity's pull on arc lamp efficiency Type Journal Article
Year 2006 Publication Europhysics News Abbreviated Journal Europhysics News
Volume 37 Issue 6 Pages 35-38
Keywords Lighting; physics; plasma; gravity; lighting technology; lighting physics; metal halide; hypergravity; microgravity
Abstract (up) (none)
Address Eindhoven University of Technology, PO Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands; w.w.stoffels(at)tue.nl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0531-7479 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1367
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Author Lewis, A.L.
Title Visual Performance as a Function of Spectral Power Distribution of Light Sources at Luminances Used for General Outdoor Lighting Type Journal Article
Year 1999 Publication Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society Abbreviated Journal Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society
Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 37-42
Keywords Vision; spectral power distribution; SPD; lighting
Abstract (up) (none)
Address Michigan College of Optometry, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Taylor & Francis Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0099-4480 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 2223
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Author Macgregor, C.J.; Pocock, M.J.O.; Fox, R.; Evans, D.M.
Title Pollination by nocturnal Lepidoptera, and the effects of light pollution: a review: Moth pollination and light pollution Type Journal Article
Year 2014 Publication Ecological Entomology Abbreviated Journal Ecol Entomol
Volume 40 Issue 3 Pages 187–198
Keywords Ecology; Agro-ecosystems; artificial night lighting; ecological networks; ecosystem services; flowering plants; food-webs; moths; population declines; plants; insects; pollination
Abstract (up) 1. Moths (Lepidoptera) are the major nocturnal pollinators of flowers. However, their importance and contribution to the provision of pollination ecosystem services may have been under-appreciated. Evidence was identified that moths are important pollinators of a diverse range of plant species in diverse ecosystems across the world.

2. Moth populations are known to be undergoing significant declines in several European countries. Among the potential drivers of this decline is increasing light pollution. The known and possible effects of artificial night lighting upon moths were reviewed, and suggest how artificial night lighting might in turn affect the provision of pollination by moths. The need for studies of the effects of artificial night lighting upon whole communities of moths was highlighted.

3. An ecological network approach is one valuable method to consider the effects of artificial night lighting upon the provision of pollination by moths, as it provides useful insights into ecosystem functioning and stability, and may help elucidate the indirect effects of artificial light upon communities of moths and the plants they pollinate.

4. It was concluded that nocturnal pollination is an ecosystem process that may potentially be disrupted by increasing light pollution, although the nature of this disruption remains to be tested.
Address School of Biological, Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, University of Hull, Hull, U.K.
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Wiley Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0307-6946 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @; IDA @ john @ Serial 1084
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Author Yau, K.K.W.
Title Risk factors affecting the severity of single vehicle traffic accidents in Hong Kong Type Journal Article
Year 2004 Publication Accident Analysis & Prevention Abbreviated Journal Accident Analysis & Prevention
Volume 36 Issue 3 Pages 333-340
Keywords Lighting; Injury severity; Logistic regression models; Risk factors; Single vehicle accident
Abstract (up) A population-based case–control study was conducted to examine factors affecting the severity of single vehicle traffic accidents in Hong Kong. In particular, single vehicle accident data of three major vehicle types, namely private vehicles, goods vehicles and motorcycles, which contributed to over 80% of all single vehicle accidents during the 2-year-period 1999–2000, were considered. Data were obtained from the newly implemented traffic accident data system (TRADS), which was developed jointly by the Transport Department, Police Force and Information Technology Services Department, Hong Kong. The effect of district, human, vehicle, safety, environmental and site factors on injury severity of an accident was examined. Unique risk factors associated with each of the vehicle types were identified by means of stepwise logistic regression models. For private vehicles, district board, gender of driver, age of vehicle, time of the accident and street light conditions are significant factors determining injury severity. For goods vehicles, seat-belt usage and weekday occurrence are the only two significant factors associated with injury severity. For motorcycles, age of vehicle, weekday and time of the accident were determined to be important factors affecting the injury severity. Identification of potential risk factors pertinent to the particular vehicle type has important implications to relevant official organisations in modifying safety measures in order to reduce the occurrence of severe traffic accidents, which would help to promote a safe road environment.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0001-4575 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 651
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Author Rocha, H.; Peretta, I.S.; Lima, G.F.M.; Marques, L.G.; Yamanaka, K.
Title Exterior lighting computer-automated design based on multi-criteria parallel evolutionary algorithm: optimized designs for illumination quality and energy efficiency Type Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication Expert Systems with Applications Abbreviated Journal Expert Systems with Applications
Volume 45 Issue Pages 208-222
Keywords Lighting
Abstract (up) A proper professional lighting design implies in a continuous search for the best compromise between both low power consumption and better lighting quality. This search converts this design into a hard to solve multi-objective optimization problem. Evolutionary algorithms are widely used to attack that type of hard optimization problems. However, professionals could not benefit from that kind of assistance since evolutionary algorithms have been unexplored by several commercial lighting design computer-aided softwares. This work proposes a system based on evolutionary algorithms which implement a computer-automated exterior lighting design both adequate to irregular shaped areas and able to respect lighting pole positioning constraints. The desired lighting design is constructed using a cluster of computers supported by a web client, turning this application into an efficient and easy tool to reduce project cycles, increase quality of results and decrease calculation times. This ELCAutoD-EA system consists in a proposal for a parallel multi-objective evolutionary algorithm to be executed in a cluster of computers with a Java remote client. User must choose lighting pole heights, allowed lamps and fixtures, as well as the simplified blue print of the area to be illuminated, marking the sub-areas with restrictions to pole positioning. The desired average illuminance must also be informed as well as the accepted tolerance. Based on user informed data, the developed application uses a dynamic representation of variable size as a chromosome and the cluster executes the evolutionary algorithm using the Island model paradigm. Achieved solutions comply with the illumination standards requirements and have a strong commitment to lighting quality and power consumption. In the present case study, the evolved design used 37.5% less power than the reference lighting design provided by a professional and at the same time ensured a 227.3% better global lighting uniformity. A better lighting quality is achieved because the proposed system solves multi-objective optimization problems by avoiding power wastes which are often unclear to a professional lighting engineer in charge of a given project.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0957-4174 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1281
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