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Author Walkling, A.; Schierz, C. url  openurl
  Title Comparison between the CIE and LITG Method for Minimizing Obtrusive Glare Caused by Bright Luminaires in the Field Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication In CIE 27th Session Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 139–143  
  Keywords Lighting  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 650  
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Author Yau, K.K.W. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Risk factors affecting the severity of single vehicle traffic accidents in Hong Kong Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Accident Analysis & Prevention Abbreviated Journal Accident Analysis & Prevention  
  Volume 36 Issue 3 Pages 333-340  
  Keywords Lighting; Injury severity; Logistic regression models; Risk factors; Single vehicle accident  
  Abstract A population-based case–control study was conducted to examine factors affecting the severity of single vehicle traffic accidents in Hong Kong. In particular, single vehicle accident data of three major vehicle types, namely private vehicles, goods vehicles and motorcycles, which contributed to over 80% of all single vehicle accidents during the 2-year-period 1999–2000, were considered. Data were obtained from the newly implemented traffic accident data system (TRADS), which was developed jointly by the Transport Department, Police Force and Information Technology Services Department, Hong Kong. The effect of district, human, vehicle, safety, environmental and site factors on injury severity of an accident was examined. Unique risk factors associated with each of the vehicle types were identified by means of stepwise logistic regression models. For private vehicles, district board, gender of driver, age of vehicle, time of the accident and street light conditions are significant factors determining injury severity. For goods vehicles, seat-belt usage and weekday occurrence are the only two significant factors associated with injury severity. For motorcycles, age of vehicle, weekday and time of the accident were determined to be important factors affecting the injury severity. Identification of potential risk factors pertinent to the particular vehicle type has important implications to relevant official organisations in modifying safety measures in order to reduce the occurrence of severe traffic accidents, which would help to promote a safe road environment.  
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  ISSN 0001-4575 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 651  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Krause, G. H.; Weis, E. openurl 
  Title Chlorophyll fluorescence as a tool in plant physiology. II. Interpretation of fluorescence signals. Type Journal Article
  Year 1984 Publication Photosynthesis Research Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5 Issue Pages 139–157  
  Keywords Lighting  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 655  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Owen, D. url  openurl
  Title The Dark Side. Making war on light pollution Type Journal Article
  Year 2007 Publication The New Yorker Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Lighting  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 791  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Saraiji, R,; Oommen, M.S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Dominant contrast as a metric for the lighting of pedestrians Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Lighting Research and Technology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Vision; Lighting; Public Safety  
  Abstract CIE Publication 115 and ANSI/IESNA Recommended Practice 8-00 both use vertical illuminance 1.5 m above the ground as a design criterion for the lighting of pedestrians. While vertical illuminance has the advantage of being easy to calculate and measure, visibility is based primarily on target contrast. A central question related to the visibility of pedestrians is whether drivers need to see the whole pedestrian or can they infer the presence of a pedestrian by recognizing any part of the pedestrian’s shape. The objective of this work was to first explore various pedestrian contrast profiles that could exist and then to find a simplified approach to characterize pedestrian night-time visibility. The problem was addressed through theoretical analyses and computer simulations. Pedestrian contrast was found to be bipolar and dynamic. From the contrast profiles, we developed the concept of dominant contrast, which is defined as the contrast of any part of the pedestrian that provides the highest visibility. Dominant contrast was examined as a metric for street lighting design and night time visibility for (a) an unlit street with car headlights, (b) a lit street without car headlights and (c) a lit street with car headlights. Dominant contrast was found to be a viable metric for street lighting design and night time visibility studies.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 854  
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