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Author Schroer, S.; Felsmann, K.; Hölker, F.; Mummert, S.; Monaghan, M.T.; Wurzbacher, C.; Premke, K. url  openurl
  Title The impact of outdoor lighting on ecosystem function – gaining information with a Citizen Science approach using a questionnaire Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2016 Publication Austrian Citizen Science Conference Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 8-13  
  Keywords citizen science; mapping  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Frontiers Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ schroer @ Serial 1572  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Elsahragty, M.; Kim, J.-L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Assessment and Strategies to Reduce Light Pollution Using Geographic Information Systems Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2015 Publication Procedia Engineering Abbreviated Journal Procedia Engineering  
  Volume 118 Issue Pages 479-488  
  Keywords Remote Sensing; GIS; Geographic Information Systems; mapping; light pollution; skyglow  
  Abstract Light pollution is a negative lighting condition because it prevents views of the night sky from the general population and astronomers. As a solution to light pollution, proper lighting system design is vital. The location, mounting height, and aim of exterior luminaries need to be taken into consideration for efficient use of lighting energy. In line with the effort, this paper presents the assessment results on light pollution at the port area, which is one of the brightest spots on Earth. In doing so, a GIS model is created to determine the level of light pollution at the study areas. The lighting power densities of ASHRAE 90.1-2007 are applied in order to find a way to reduce the level of light pollution. The effect of light pollution generated from the Long Beach Port area is examined by comparing against the sky glow generated from the Port of Long Beach area and other areas throughout the coast of Southern California, as well as comparing how deep the sky glow penetrates the ocean. The results are validated by comparing against the lighting specification used in the study areas. The lighting strategies proposed include the decreased height of light poles and increased spacing between light poles. This study will serve as a platform in which future researchers may continue and expand on the designs of heights and spaces of lighting poles in order to make severe light pollution areas better sustainable places.  
  Address Department of Civil Engineering and Construction Engineering Management, California State University, 1250 Bellflower Blvd., Long Beach, CA, 90840, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1877-7058 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1270  
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Author Zamorano Calvo, J.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.; Nievas Rosillo, M.; Tapia Ayuga, C. url  openurl
  Title NixNox procedure to build Night Sky Brightness maps from SQM photometers observations Type Report
  Year (down) 2014 Publication E-prints Complutense Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue 26982 Pages  
  Keywords Skyglow; measurement; SQM; SQM-L; mapping  
  Abstract The NixNox procedure to build all-sky maps of the nocturnal night sky brightness using SQM photometers is described. Astronomers belonging to amateur associations in Spain are using this observational method to obtain data of their preferred sites of observation to characterize the astronomical quality of the sky and the sources of light pollution.  
  Address Departamento de Astrofísica y Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Universidad Complutense – 28040 Madrid, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Universidad Complutense Place of Publication Madrid Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1435  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hale, J.D.; Davies, G.; Fairbrass, A.J.; Matthews, T.J.; Rogers, C.D.F.; Sadler, J.P. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Mapping lightscapes: spatial patterning of artificial lighting in an urban landscape Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2013 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 8 Issue 5 Pages e61460  
  Keywords *Cities; England; Environmental Pollution; Geographic Mapping; Humans; Light; *Lighting; Photography; Urban Population; *Urbanization  
  Abstract Artificial lighting is strongly associated with urbanisation and is increasing in its extent, brightness and spectral range. Changes in urban lighting have both positive and negative effects on city performance, yet little is known about how its character and magnitude vary across the urban landscape. A major barrier to related research, planning and governance has been the lack of lighting data at the city extent, particularly at a fine spatial resolution. Our aims were therefore to capture such data using aerial night photography and to undertake a case study of urban lighting. We present the finest scale multi-spectral lighting dataset available for an entire city and explore how lighting metrics vary with built density and land-use. We found positive relationships between artificial lighting indicators and built density at coarse spatial scales, whilst at a local level lighting varied with land-use. Manufacturing and housing are the primary land-use zones responsible for the city's brightly lit areas, yet manufacturing sites are relatively rare within the city. Our data suggests that efforts to address light pollution should broaden their focus from residential street lighting to include security lighting within manufacturing areas.  
  Address School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom. j.hale@bham.ac.uk  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1932-6203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23671566; PMCID:PMC3646000 Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 209  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Vandewalle, G.; Maquet, P.; Dijk, D.-J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Light as a modulator of cognitive brain function Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2009 Publication Trends in Cognitive Sciences Abbreviated Journal Trends Cogn Sci  
  Volume 13 Issue 10 Pages 429-438  
  Keywords Human Health; Animals; Brain/anatomy & histology/*physiology; Brain Mapping; Circadian Rhythm/*physiology; Cognition/*physiology; Diagnostic Imaging/methods; Humans; *Light; Melatonin/metabolism; Retina/anatomy & histology/physiology; Visual Pathways/anatomy & histology/physiology  
  Abstract Humans are a diurnal species usually exposed to light while engaged in cognitive tasks. Light not only guides performance on these tasks through vision but also exerts non-visual effects that are mediated in part by recently discovered retinal ganglion cells maximally sensitive to blue light. We review recent neuroimaging studies which demonstrate that the wavelength, duration and intensity of light exposure modulate brain responses to (non-visual) cognitive tasks. These responses to light are initially observed in alertness-related subcortical structures (hypothalamus, brainstem, thalamus) and limbic areas (amygdala and hippocampus), followed by modulations of activity in cortical areas, which can ultimately affect behaviour. Light emerges as an important modulator of brain function and cognition.  
  Address Cyclotron Research Centre, University of Liege, 8 Allee du 6 Aout, Batiment B30, B-4000 Liege, Belgium. gilles.vandewalle@umontreal.ca  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1364-6613 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:19748817 Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 830  
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