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Author Bauhr, M. & Carlitz, R.
Title Transparency and the quality of local public service provision Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication The Quality of Government Institute Abbreviated Journal (down) QOG
Volume Issue 5 Pages 1-43
Keywords Economics; Remote Sensing; public service delivery; Vietnam; Asia
Abstract Transparency has been widely promoted as a tool for improving public service

delivery; however, empirical evidence is inconclusive. We suggest that the effects of transparency on service provision are contingent on the nature of the service. Specifically, transparency is more likely to improve the quality of service provision when street-level discretion is high, since discretion increases information asymmetries, and, in the absence of transparency, allows officials to target public services in suboptimal ways. Using finely grained data from the Vietnam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index between 2011–2017, we show that communes that experience increases in transparency also experience improved quality of education and health (services characterized by greater discretion), while the quality of infrastructure

provision (characterized by less discretion) bears no relation to increased transparency. The findings help us understand when transparency can improve service provision, as well the effects of transparency reforms in non-democratic settings.
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2637
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Author Bennett, M.G.
Title The visual range of lights at night, and its relation to the visual range of ordinary objects by day. Type Journal Article
Year 1932 Publication Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Abbreviated Journal (down) QJ Roy. Met. Soc
Volume 58 Issue Pages 259-271
Keywords Vision; Skyglow
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2414
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Author Aceituno, J.; Sánchez, S.F.; Aceituno, F.J.; Galadí-Enríquez, D.; Negro, J.J.; Soriguer, R.C.; Gomez, G.S.
Title An All-Sky Transmission Monitor: ASTMON Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal (down) Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Volume 123 Issue 907 Pages 1076-1086
Keywords monitoring; light at night; light pollution; skyglow
Abstract We present here the All-Sky Transmission Monitor (ASTMON), designed to perform a continuous monitoring of the surface brightness of the complete night sky in several bands. The data acquired are used to derive, in addition, a subsequent map of the multiband atmospheric extinction at any location in the sky and a map of the cloud coverage. The instrument has been manufactured to withstand extreme weather conditions and to remain operative. Designed to be fully robotic, it is ideal to be installed outdoors as a permanent monitoring station. The preliminary results based on two of the currently operative units (at Doñana National Park, Huelva, and at the Calar Alto Observatory, Almería, Spain) are presented here. The parameters derived using ASTMON are in good agreement with those previously reported, which illustrates the validity of the design and the accuracy of the manufacturing. The information provided by this instrument will be presented in forthcoming articles, once we have accumulated a statistically significant amount of data.
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Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 195
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Author Duriscoe, D.M.; Luginbuhl, C.B.; Moore, C.W.
Title Measuring Night-Sky Brightness with a Wide-Field CCD Camera Type Journal Article
Year 2007 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal (down) Publ Astron Soc Pac
Volume 119 Issue 852 Pages 192-213
Keywords light pollution; light at night; skyglow; monitoring; measurement; CCD
Abstract We describe a system for rapidly measuring the brightness of the night sky using a mosaic of CCD images obtained with a low-cost automated system. The portable system produces millions of independent photometric measurements covering the entire sky, enabling the detailed characterization of natural sky conditions and light domes produced by cities. The measurements are calibrated using images of standard stars contained within the raw data, producing results closely tracking the Johnson V astronomical standard. The National Park Service has collected hundreds of data sets at numerous parks since 2001 and is using these data for the protection and monitoring of the night-sky visual resource. This system also allows comprehensive characterization of sky conditions at astronomical observatories. We explore photometric issues raised by the broadband measurement of the complex and variable night-sky spectrum, and potential indices of night-sky quality.
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Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 193
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Author Sánchez, S. F.; Aceituno, J.; Thiele, U.; Pérez-Ramírez, D.; Alves, J.
Title The Night Sky at the Calar Alto Observatory Type Journal Article
Year 2007 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Abbreviated Journal (down) Publ Astron Soc Pac
Volume 119 Issue 860 Pages 1186-1200
Keywords Skyglow, Darkness
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 1131
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