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Author Kuechly, H.; Kyba, C.; Hölker, F. url  openurl
  Title Woher kommt das Licht? Räumliche Betrachtung der Lichtverschmutzung Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication In: Held, M., Hölker, F. & Jessel, B. (2013) Schutz der Nacht – Lichtverschmutzung, Biodiversität und Nachtlandschaft. – BfN-Skripten Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 336 Issue (up) Pages 39-42  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract In der Nacht ist die künstliche Beleuchtung eines der deutlichsten Kennzeichen für menschliche Aktivität auf der Erde. Wie bei vielen anderen anthropogenen Umweltveränderungen sind auch bei der künstlichen Beleuchtung die unmittelbaren Vorteile weit offensichtlicher als ihre unerwünschten Nebenwirkungen. Auch wenn über ein Drittel der Menschen in Deutschland die Milchstraße noch nie mit eigenen Augen gesehen hat (Emnid & PM Magazin 2002), sind sich nur wenige der Nachteile der künstlichen Beleuchtung bewusst. Daher verwundert es nicht, dass trotz energieeffizienterer Technologien die Kosten für die künstliche Beleuchtung nicht zurückgegangen sind–vielmehr werden heute immer mehr Straßen und Wege, Gärten und Gebäude beleuchtet.

Aber woher kommt das Licht genau? Lichtquellen und Lichtintensitäten, die Verteilung und die zeitliche Veränderung von Lichtemissionen lassen sich sehr gut mittels räumlicher Datenerhebung identifizieren, darstellen und analysieren. Dieser Beitrag gibt einen kurzen Überblick über die Verfahren und diskutiert Möglichkeiten zur Quantifizierung von Lichtverschmutzung.
 
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  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 898  
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Author Fernández Sánchez, J. F.; Barranco R’ios, J.; Naráez Rueda, J. J. openurl 
  Title Software de Medición Automatizada y Robótica de la Oscuridad del Cielo Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication In Libro de actas del XXI Congreso Estatal de Astronom’ia Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) Pages 205–209  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 936  
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Author Posudin, Y. (n.d.) url  doi
openurl 
  Title Measurement of Light Pollution Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Methods of Measuring Environmental Parameters Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) Pages 368-370  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract Digital photography is based on the conversion of light by sensitive matrix (array of electronic photodetectors) to capture the image which is then digitized and stored as a computer file for further processing and printing. The spectral sensitivity of the cameras is in good agreement with the spectrum of action of the photosensitive hormone melatonin. Digital photography can be used to quantify light pollution acting on the physiology of living organisms. The chapter discusses the principles of spectrophotometry. A portable spectrophotometer for the measurement of light pollution is proposed by Cinzano. It consists of a cooled CCDcamera and a small spectrographic head which is equipped with a De Amici prism composed of two external crown prisms and an inner Flint prism. Sky quality meter (SQM) is a portable photometer for measuring sky brightness and for light pollution monitoring. This device collects the light from a wide solid angle.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 967  
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Author Tapia Ayuga, C.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.; Zamorano Calvo, J. url  openurl
  Title LICA-UCM lamps spectral database Type Report
  Year 2015 Publication unpublished Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) Pages  
  Keywords Lighting; Instrumentation; technical report; Madrid; Spain; spectroscopy; spectra  
  Abstract Spectra of the lamps that are used for public lighting and ornamental purposes have been obtained with a portable spectrograph around Madrid city. The database is presented in this report along with a description of the procedures.  
  Address Grupo UCM de Astrofísica Extragaláctica e Instrumentación Astronómica, Madrid  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Madrid Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title LICA Reports Abbreviated Series Title  
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  Notes Request to add by CK even though non-peer-reviewed Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1094  
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Author Stone, E.L.; Harris, S.; Jones, G. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Impacts of artificial lighting on bats: a review of challenges and solutions Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde Abbreviated Journal Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde  
  Volume Issue (up) Pages  
  Keywords Animals; bats  
  Abstract Light pollution is a major emerging issue in biodiversity conservation, and has important implications for policy development and strategic planning. Although research is now addressing the negative impacts of anthropogenic noise on biota, less attention has been paid to the effects of light pollution. Changes in lighting technology have led to a diverse range of emerging low energy light types and a trend towards the increased use of white light. Light pollution affects ecological interactions across a range of taxa and has adverse effects on behaviours such as foraging, reproduction and communication. Almost a quarter of bat species globally are threatened and the key underlying threat to populations is pressure on resources from increasing human populations. Being nocturnal, bats are among the taxa most likely to be affected by light pollution. In this paper we provide an overview of the current trends in artificial lighting followed by a review of the current evidence of the impacts of lighting on bat behaviour, particularly foraging, commuting, emergence, roosting and hibernation. We discuss taxon-specific effects and potential cumulative ecosystem level impacts. We conclude by summarising some potential strategies to minimise the impacts of lighting on bats and identify key gaps in knowledge and priority areas for future research.  
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  ISSN 1616-5047 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 1112  
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