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Author Gu, Y., Uprety, S., Blonski, S., Zhang, B., & Cao, C.
Title Improved algorithm for determining the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite Day/Night Band high-gain stage dark offset free from light contamination Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication (up) Applied Optics Abbreviated Journal
Volume 58 Issue 6 Pages 1400-1407
Keywords Remote Sensing; Instrumentation
Abstract Dark offset is one of the key parameters for Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Day/Night Band (DNB) high-gain stage (HGS) radiometric calibration, whose accuracy strongly impacts applications of DNB low-light detection for Earth observation at nighttime. Currently, DNB observation of the VIIRS onboard calibrator blackbody (OBCBB) view, together with its observation of deep space during the spacecraft pitch maneuver performed early in the mission, has been used to compute the HGS dark offset continuously. However, the relationship between the DNB OBCBB data and the Earth view (EV) data is unclear due to electronic timing differences between these two views. It is questionable whether the DNB OBCBB data can monitor the EV HGS dark offset change. Through comprehensive analysis of the DNB OBCBB data and EV data acquired from the monthly special acquisitions known as the VIIRS recommended operating procedures (VROPs), we have shown that the OBCBB data can only track the dark current component of the DNB HGS EV dark offset, instead of the total dark offset. The DNB observation of deep space during the spacecraft pitch maneuver was also contaminated by starlight. With such background, in this paper we propose an improved algorithm for determining the DNB HGS dark offset. By combined use of the DNB OBCBB data and the DNB VROP data, the generated DNB HGS dark offset is both free from light contamination and capable of tracking continuous drift. The improved algorithm could potentially improve the DNB radiometric performance at low radiance level. Our results provide a solid theoretical basis for dark offset calibration of the VIIRS DNB onboard Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership satellite and the following Joint Polar Satellite System satellites.
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2358
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Author Barducci, A.; Marcoionni, P.; Pippi, I.; Poggesi, M.
Title Effects of light pollution revealed during a nocturnal aerial survey by two hyperspectral imagers Type Journal Article
Year 2003 Publication (up) Applied Optics Abbreviated Journal Appl. Opt.
Volume 42 Issue 21 Pages 4349
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract A remote-sensing campaign was performed in September 2001 at nighttime under clear-sky conditions before moonrise to assess the level of light pollution of urban and industrial origin. Two hyperspectral sensors, namely, the Multispectral Infrared and Visible Imaging Spectrometer and the Visible Infrared Scanner-200, which provide spectral coverage from the visible to the thermal infrared, were flown over the Tuscany coast (Italy) on board a Casa 212 airplane. The acquired images were processed to produce radiometrically calibrated data, which were then analyzed and compared with ground-based spectral measurements. Calibrated data acquired at high spectral resolution (∼2.5 nm) showed a maximum scene brightness almost of the same order of magnitude as that observed during similar daytime measurements, whereas their average luminosity was 3 orders of magnitude lower. The measurement analysis confirmed that artificial illumination hinders astronomical observations and produces noticeable effects even at great distances from the sources of the illumination.
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ISSN 0003-6935 ISBN Medium
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2438
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Author Hou, Z.-S.; Wen, H.-S.; Li, J.-F.; He, F.; Li, Y.; Qi, X.; Zhao, J.; Zhang, K.-Q.; Tao, Y.-X.
Title Effects of photoperiod and light Spectrum on growth performance, digestive enzymes, hepatic biochemistry and peripheral hormones in spotted sea bass (Lateolabrax maculatus) Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication (up) Aquaculture Abbreviated Journal Aquaculture
Volume in press Issue Pages
Keywords Animals
Abstract Growth performance, digestive and metabolic activities, and contents of peripheral hormones of spotted sea bass (Lateolabrax maculatus) juveniles were evaluated under natural light and three different light spectrums (white, blue and red) in combination with three photoperiods (light: dark cycle, 12: 12-h, 18: 6-h and 24: 0-h). Bass in 18-h blue light environment displayed the best growth performance and digestive enzyme activities, while red light environment significantly impeded growth and digestive enzyme activities. Altered contents of melatonin, cortisol, thyroid hormones (T3 and T4), and testosterone (T) were observed in bass reared in red light, suggesting that red light could disturb endocrine homeostasis associated with biological rhythm (melatonin), stress coping (melatonin and cortisol), growth and development (T3 and T4), and aggressive behavior or hyperactivity (T3, T4 and T). Impaired growth performance might be due to energy used to cope with stress. We concluded that the red spectrum environment was stressful to spotted bass and the selection of appropriate light conditions (such as 18-h blue light) might lead to a beneficial outcome for spotted sea bass culture.
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ISSN 0044-8486 ISBN Medium
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2329
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Author Brüning, A.; Hölker, F.; Wolter, C.
Title Artificial light at night: implications for early life stages development in four temperate freshwater fish species Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication (up) Aquatic Sciences Abbreviated Journal Aquat Sci
Volume 73 Issue 1 Pages 143-152
Keywords Ecology
Abstract Flora and fauna have both evolved under a natural cycle of light and dark. But especially in urban areas, the night is now increasingly disturbed by artificial light. Many traits and behaviours in fish are triggered by a circadian clock, for example hatching and swim bladder inflation, which predominantly take place at dusk or night. As lighting becomes brighter and extends farther into rural areas, the distinction between day and night becomes increasingly blurred. Therefore, the loss of diurnal trigger by artificial light at night was hypothesized having deleterious effects on these traits and impact fish reproduction. To assess these effects, eggs of four native freshwater fishes, Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis, roach Rutilus rutilus, bleak Alburnus alburnus and chub Leuciscus cephalus, were incubated under two different light conditions: a photoperiod of 14 h light:10 h darkness (LD) and continuous illumination (LL). The time to hatch and swim bladder inflation was recorded. The species showed inconsistent reactions to the light treatments. In roach and bleak, the time to 50% hatch was longer in LL, whereas continuous lighting had an accelerating effect in chub. Incubation in LL elongated the hatching period in perch and roach and, in perch, the onset of darkness seemed to trigger hatching. The swim bladder inflation was significantly promoted by continuous light in chub and bleak but was not affected in roach. In conclusion, nocturnal artificial illumination could have an effect on hatching and initial swim bladder filling by masking the day–night-change and thereby diminish the trigger effect. However, the reactions were species specific and the increase in variation indicated a lack of diurnal triggering, whilst a general deleterious effect of artificial light at night has not been identified on early life stages.
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ISSN 1015-1621 ISBN Medium
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 477
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Author Zielińska-Dąbkowska, K.
Title Home Sweet Home. Connecting the dots for healthy evening residential illumination Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication (up) ARC Lighting In Architecture Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 55-60
Keywords Lighting; Human Health
Abstract During the twentieth century, lighting designers would commonly use incandescent light sources for residential homes as they provided a visual comfort, with high quality colour rendering properties, along with relaxing ambient atmosphere. Unfortunately, it’s now difficult to buy incandescent light sources because they have been banned in many countries (https://bit.ly/2GwN2Wv). This article addresses some of the challenges in regards to health, brought about by the changeover to new LEDs and other related technologies, and tries to offer some context on how to keep up with these rapid transformations. While we know it’s necessary to limit blue-rich light at night (as it prevents melatonin production and impaires nocturnal sleep), and that it’s important to maximise exposure to the blue wavelength of light in the morning (to trigger circadian timing, increase alertness), there are other issues that are misunderstood and often ignored. This includes flicker from LEDs and electromagnetic fields (EMFs), which can be produced by smart home lighting technology.
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2726
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