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Author Otchia, C. S. & Asongu, S. A.
Title Industrial Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Machine Learning with Insights from Nightlight Satellite Images Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication (up) African Governance and Development Institute Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract This study uses nightlight time data and machine learning techniques to predict industrial development in Africa. The results provide the first evidence on how machine learning techniques and nightlight data can be used to predict economic development in places where subnational data are missing or not precise. Taken together, the research confirms four groups of important determinants of industrial growth: natural resources, agriculture growth, institutions, and manufacturing imports. Our findings indicate that Africa should follow a more

multisector approach for development, putting natural resources and agriculture productivity growth at the forefront.
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2627
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Author Shen, J.; Tower, J.
Title Effects of light on aging and longevity Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication (up) Ageing Research Reviews Abbreviated Journal Ageing Res Rev
Volume in press Issue Pages
Keywords Review; Human Health
Abstract Increasing evidence suggests an important role for light in regulation of aging and longevity. UV radiation is a mutagen that can promote aging and decrease longevity. In contrast, NIR light has shown protective effects in animal disease models. In invertebrates, visible light can shorten or extend lifespan, depending on the intensity and wavelength composition. Visible light also impacts human health, including retina function, sleep, cancer and psychiatric disorders. Possible mechanisms of visible light include: controlling circadian rhythms, inducing oxidative stress, and acting through the retina to affect neuronal circuits and systems. Changes in artificial lighting (e.g., LEDs) may have implications for human health. It will be important to further explore the mechanisms of how light affects aging and longevity, and how light affects human health.
Address Molecular and Computational Biology Program, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles CA 90089-2910, United States
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ISSN 1568-1637 ISBN Medium
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Notes PMID:31154014 Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2514
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Author Briggs, R. C.
Title Why does aid not target the poorest? Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication (up) AIDDATA Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Foreign aid projects typically have local effects, so if they are to reduce poverty then they need to be placed close to the poor. I show that, conditional on local population, World Bank (WB) project aid targets richer parts of countries. This relationship holds over time and across world regions. I test five explanations for pro-rich targeting using a pre-registered conjoint experiment on WB task team leaders (TTLs). TTLs perceive aid-receiving governments as most interested in targeting aid politically and controlling implementation. They also believe that aid works better in poorer or more remote areas, but that implementation in these areas is uniquely difficult. These results speak to debates in distributive politics, international bargaining over aid, and principal-agent issues in international organizations. The results also suggest that tweaks to WB incentive structures to make ease of project implementation less important may encourage aid to flow to poorer parts of countries.
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2719
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Author Hough, W.
Title The development of illumination Type Journal Article
Year 1901 Publication (up) American Anthropologist Abbreviated Journal
Volume 3 Issue 2 Pages 342-352
Keywords History; Society; Lighting
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2416
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Author Lammerts, W.E.
Title The effect of continuous light, high nutrient level and temperature on flowering of camellia hybrids Type Journal Article
Year 1949 Publication (up) American Camellia Yearbook Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 53-56
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2466
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