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Author Ehlert, K.; Piepenbring, M.; Kollar, A.
Title Ascospore release in apple scab underlies infrared sensation Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Fungal Biology Abbreviated Journal Fungal Biol
Volume 121 Issue 12 Pages 1054-1062
Keywords Plants
Abstract The agent of apple scab disease (Venturia inaequalis) is the most common pathogen in apple cultivation. Its ascospores are released in spring, mainly during daylight hours and triggered by rain events. To investigate the causes of diurnal rhythm of ascospore dissemination of the apple scab fungus ascospore releases were examined continuously with spore traps in the orchard and with laboratory assays. One of the spore traps was illuminated at night with different light sources in each year during 2011-2015. The laboratory assays were performed with different light sources with varying wavelengths and intensities. In field and laboratory conditions only light including infrared radiation stimulated ascospore release, but not with light in the visible spectrum only. Artificial illumination during night was correlated with an increase of up to 46 % of ascospores released overnight in the field. We proved that infrared radiation induces V. inaequalis to release its spores. This is the first report in which spore discharge could be stimulated during night under field conditions.
Address Julius Kuehn-Institut, Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Plant Protection in Fruit Crops and Viticulture, Schwabenheimer Strasse 101, 69221 Dossenheim, Germany
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Language English Summary Language Original Title
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ISSN 1878-6146 ISBN Medium
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Notes PMID:29122177 Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2454
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Author Kuechly, H.; Kyba, C.; Hölker, F.
Title Woher kommt das Licht? Räumliche Betrachtung der Lichtverschmutzung Type Journal Article
Year 2013 Publication In: Held, M., Hölker, F. & Jessel, B. (2013) Schutz der Nacht – Lichtverschmutzung, Biodiversität und Nachtlandschaft. – BfN-Skripten Abbreviated Journal
Volume 336 Issue Pages 39-42
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract In der Nacht ist die künstliche Beleuchtung eines der deutlichsten Kennzeichen für menschliche Aktivität auf der Erde. Wie bei vielen anderen anthropogenen Umweltveränderungen sind auch bei der künstlichen Beleuchtung die unmittelbaren Vorteile weit offensichtlicher als ihre unerwünschten Nebenwirkungen. Auch wenn über ein Drittel der Menschen in Deutschland die Milchstraße noch nie mit eigenen Augen gesehen hat (Emnid & PM Magazin 2002), sind sich nur wenige der Nachteile der künstlichen Beleuchtung bewusst. Daher verwundert es nicht, dass trotz energieeffizienterer Technologien die Kosten für die künstliche Beleuchtung nicht zurückgegangen sind–vielmehr werden heute immer mehr Straßen und Wege, Gärten und Gebäude beleuchtet.

Aber woher kommt das Licht genau? Lichtquellen und Lichtintensitäten, die Verteilung und die zeitliche Veränderung von Lichtemissionen lassen sich sehr gut mittels räumlicher Datenerhebung identifizieren, darstellen und analysieren. Dieser Beitrag gibt einen kurzen Überblick über die Verfahren und diskutiert Möglichkeiten zur Quantifizierung von Lichtverschmutzung.
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 898
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Author Yang, M.; Wang, S.; Zhou, Y.; Wang, L.
Title Review on Applications of DMSP/OLS Night-time Emissions Data Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Remote Sensing Technology and Application Abbreviated Journal
Volume 26 Issue 1 Pages 45-51
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract The Defense Meteorological Satellite System(DMSP) Operational Linescan System (OLS) has a unique low\|light imaging capability developed for the detection of clouds lit by mooolight.In addition to moonlit clouds,the OLS sensor also detects nocturnal lights from the earth surface.Hence,DMSP/OLS night\|time emissions data becomes well known as a means of monitoring human activities.In this paper,we reviewed a number of applications that had been developed or proposed based on the DMSP/OLS night\|time emissions data,such as monitoring city lights,light pollution,fires,fishing boats and gas flare,and estimating socioeconomic data.Finally,the advantages and disadvantages of night light data were listed and more applications are expected in the future based on the available light emission data.
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 899
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Author Tinus, R. W.
Title Effects of Extended Photoperiod on Southern Rocky Mountain Engelmann Spruce and Douglas-fir Type Journal Article
Year 1981 Publication Tree Planters' Notes Abbreviated Journal
Volume 32 Issue 4 Pages
Keywords Plants
Abstract Four sources of Engelmann spruce and two of Douglas-fir were grown under eight different extended photoperiod regimes. Incandescent light 1 minute of every 15 at night at 270 lux was more effective than continuous incandescent at 1200 lux or intermittent fluorescent at 950 lux at preventing bud dormancy and maintaining continuous height growth.
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Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2368
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Author Fernández Sánchez, J. F.; Barranco R’ios, J.; Naráez Rueda, J. J.
Title Software de Medición Automatizada y Robótica de la Oscuridad del Cielo Type Conference Article
Year 2014 Publication In Libro de actas del XXI Congreso Estatal de Astronom’ia Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 205–209
Keywords Remote Sensing
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 936
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