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Author Youssef, M.
Title Role Of Artificial Lighting In Emphasizing The Entrance Approaches Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Architecture and Planning Journal Abbreviated Journal APJ
Volume 26 Issue 2 Pages
Keywords Lighting; Architecture
Abstract Building's entrance is metaphorically a threshold between two realms, the first is an outdoor exposed to climatic change, hazards, and environmental factors, while the second is controlled, monitored, and determined to certain functions. It plays an important role in enriching users' experience. Moreover, it is the first impression a visitor takes to evaluate a whole building. Architecturally, the entrance is a very special part in the elevation, distinguished and emphasized by different design approaches. One of these approaches is using lighting. There is a direct connection between recognition of a space and light assimilation in it. From sunset to dawn, the artificial lighting plays a role in drawing attention to texture, colours, and forms of external elevations, which supports architecture to achieve its purpose. This paper sheds the light on the problem of architects' failure to manage an entrance perception due to insufficient light integration, over illumination, or weak transition from space to another. Many architects consider the entrance as a challenging task, because they believe that it has a direct impact on visitors' perception. This paper, therefore, aims to propose design methods to emphasize the entrance of buildings at night through using the proper artificial lighting. To achieve this aim, the paper used a scientific methodology, based on tracing literature review about design of entrances, investigating ideas of entrances' emphasis, and then analysing four case studies trying to identify the different design approaches of their entrances and how the location, direction, and intensity of illumination became a part of their nocturnal architectural elevation. As a conclusion, techniques of lighting entrances contribute in perceiving architecture’s true purpose and raise the aesthetic dimension of the building at night.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2079-4096 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number UP @ altintas1 @ Serial (down) 3280
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Author Pérez-Granados, C.; Schuchmann, K.-L.; Marques, M.I.
Title Vocal activity of the Ferruginous pygmy-owl (Glaucidium brasilianum) is strongly correlated with moon phase and nocturnal temperature Type Journal Article
Year 2021 Publication Ethology Ecology & Evolution Abbreviated Journal Ethology Ecology & Evolution
Volume 33 Issue 1 Pages 62-72
Keywords Animals; Moonlight
Abstract Bird vocal activity is affected by endogenous and exogenous factors. Owl surveys are mainly based on the detection of nocturnal calls, and therefore, the impact of exogenous factors on owls’ vocal activity may have consequences in conservation planning and behavioural studies. However, our current knowledge about the impact of climatic factors and the moon phase on owl calling behaviour is very limited, especially in the Neotropics. We used autonomous recording units to evaluate the effect of air temperature, rainfall, relative air humidity, and percent of the moon illuminated on the vocal occurrence (active/inactive) of the Ferruginous pygmy-owl (Glaucidium brasilianum) over three consecutive moon cycles in the Brazilian Pantanal. Vocal activity was positively associated with the percent of the moon illuminated, with 75% of the nights on which the species was vocally active having a moon illumination percentage higher than 77%. The vocal activity of the species was negatively associated with the nocturnal air temperature, with more vocal activity observed on cooler nights. Relative air humidity and daily rainfall were not associated with the vocal activity of the Ferruginous pygmy-owl. Our study improves the knowledge about the impact of exogenous factors on the calling behaviour of Neotropical owls. We conclude that future surveys aiming to detect the Ferruginous pygmy-owl should be carried out on nights with a high percent of moon illumination (>75%) and nights with low average temperature (< 18 °C).
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Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0394-9370 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number UP @ altintas1 @ Serial (down) 3279
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Author Boyes, D.H.; Evans, D.M.; Fox, R.; Parsons, M.S.; Pocock, M.J.O.
Title Is light pollution driving moth population declines? A review of causal mechanisms across the life cycle Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Insect Conservation and Diversity Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages in press
Keywords Animals; Moths; Review
Abstract The night‐time environment is increasingly being lit, often by broad‐spectrum lighting, and there is growing evidence that artificial light at night (ALAN) has consequences for ecosystems, potentially contributing to declines in insect populations.

Moths are species‐rich, sensitive to ALAN, and have undergone declines in Europe, making them the ideal group for investigating the impacts of light pollution on nocturnal insects more broadly. Here, we take a life cycle approach to review the impacts of ALAN on moths, drawing on a range of disciplines including ecology, physiology, and applied entomology.

We find evidence of diverse impacts across most life stages and key behaviours. Many studies have examined flight‐to‐light behaviour in adults and our meta‐analysis found that mercury vapour, metal halide, and compact fluorescent bulbs induce this more than LED and sodium lamps. However, we found that ALAN can also disrupt reproduction, larval development, and pupal diapause, with likely negative impacts on individual fitness, and that moths can be indirectly affected via hostplants and predators. These findings indicate that ALAN could also affect day‐flying insects through impacts on earlier life stages.

Overall, we found strong evidence for effects of artificial light on moth behaviour and physiology, but little rigorous, direct evidence that this scales up to impacts on populations. Crucially, there is a need to determine the potential contribution of ALAN to insect declines, relative to other drivers of change. In the meantime, we recommend precautionary strategies to mitigate possible negative effects of ALAN on insect populations.
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Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number UP @ altintas1 @ Serial (down) 3278
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Author Shi, K.; Chen, Z.; Cui, Y.; Wu, J.; Yu, B.
Title NPP-VIIRS Nighttime Light Data Have Different Correlated Relationships With Fossil Fuel Combustion Carbon Emissions From Different Sectors Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages in press
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Remotely sensed nighttime light (NL) data collected by the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership Satellite equipped with the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (NPP-VIIRS) sensor have proven to be effective for evaluating fossil fuel combustion carbon emissions (CEs). However, few studies have analyzed the relationships between NL and CE originating from different sectors. The effects of impact factors on the NL-CE relationship have not been thoroughly examined and compared. Utilizing the corrected annual composite average of NPP-VIIRS data (NTL), this letter individually investigated the relationships between the NTL and CE from all types of fossil fuels total CE (TCE); CE from gasoline, diesel oil, natural gas, and cement urban carbon emission (UC); and CE from raw coal, cleaned coal, other washed coal, briquette, and coke industrial carbon emission (IC) in China at the provincial level. The impact factors governing the NTL-CE relationship were also examined. The results showed that total NLs (TNLs) may be a more effective means for estimating UC than other types of CE but may not be a good proxy for IC due to the mismatch between their amounts and brightness. The R² values from TNL and TCE analyses were higher than those of TNL and IC within the eastern, central, and western regions. Meanwhile, we found that NTL could more accurately evaluate CE in urban areas with a large population size and a relatively developed social economy. Although the urbanization rate was the most important factor in the assessment of CE from NTL, China's urbanization rate presented an inverted U-shaped impact on the NTL-CE relationship in the long run.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1558-0571 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number UP @ altintas1 @ Serial (down) 3277
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Author Yusup, G. S. B.; Melda, R. J.; Maman, I.; Li, J.
Title Sustainable Low Carbon Urban Lighting Analysis: A Case Study of Bandung City Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Journal of Engineering Sciences Abbreviated Journal
Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages H9-H18
Keywords Energy; Lighting
Abstract Nowadays, lighting technology is in the transition period from conventional lighting to LED, which more environmentally friendly due to free of harmful substances such as mercury, lead, or other hazardous chemicals and gases. This low light pollution because directional light is carefully distributed precisely to the intended location. Performance of the lights also brighter than other lights. This research measuring the reduction of CO2 gas emissions before and after PJU (street lights) in Bandung is changed from the conventional to the LED, also mapping the CO2 gas emissions in six Development Areas (SWK). The basis for this research approach is a case study with before and after comparison, meaning that this approach only applies to one object that is the same as comparing the condition of the object before and after the treatment. In this study, the evaluation research method used is a causal method, which is a method that is more directed at impact evaluation research. Scientifically and objectively, PJU LED provides low CO2 emissions gas by up to 26 % in Bandung city.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number UP @ altintas1 @ Serial (down) 3276
Permanent link to this record