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Author Gagliardi, G.; Lupia, M.; Cario, G.; Tedesco, F.; Cicchello Gaccio, F.; Lo Scudo, F.; Casavola, A.
Title Advanced Adaptive Street Lighting Systems for Smart Cities Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Smart Cities Abbreviated Journal Smart Cities
Volume 3 Issue 4 Pages 1495-1512
Keywords Lighting; Energy
Abstract This paper reports the results of a recently concluded R&D project, SCALS (Smart Cities Adaptive Lighting System), which aimed at the development of all hardware/software components of an adaptive urban smart lighting architecture allowing municipalities to manage and control public street lighting lamps. The system is capable to autonomously adjust street lamps’ brightness on the basis of the presence of vehicles (busses/trucks, cars, motorcycles and bikes) and/or pedestrians in specific areas or segments of the streets/roads of interest to reduce the energy consumption. The main contribution of this work is to design a low cost smart lighting system and, at same time, to define an IoT infrastructure where each lighting pole is an element of a network that can increase their amplitude. More generally, the proposed smart infrastructure can be viewed as the basis of a wider technological architecture aimed at offering value-added services for sustainable cities. The smart architecture combines various sub-systems (local controllers, motion sensors, video-cameras, weather sensors) and electronic devices, each of them in charge of performing specific operations: remote street segments lamp management, single street lamp brightness control, video processing for vehicles motion detection and classification, wireless and wired data exchanges, power consumptions analysis and traffic evaluation. Two pilot sites have been built up in the project where the smart architecture has been tested and validated in real scenarios. Experimental results show that energy savings of up to 80% are possible compared to a traditional street lamp system.
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Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2624-6511 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 3274
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Author Kubistova, A.; Spisska, V.; Petrzelkova, L.; Hrubcova, L.; Moravcova, S.; Maierova, L.; Bendova, Z.
Title Constant Light in Critical Postnatal Days Affects Circadian Rhythms in Locomotion and Gene Expression in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus, Retina, and Pineal Gland Later in Life Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Biomedicines Abbreviated Journal Biomedicines
Volume 8 Issue 12 Pages in press
Keywords Animals; circadian clock; light at night; pineal gland; rat; retina; suprachiasmatic nucleus
Abstract The circadian clock regulates bodily rhythms by time cues that result from the integration of genetically encoded endogenous rhythms with external cycles, most potently with the light/dark cycle. Chronic exposure to constant light in adulthood disrupts circadian system function and can induce behavioral and physiological arrhythmicity with potential clinical consequences. Since the developing nervous system is particularly vulnerable to experiences during the critical period, we hypothesized that early-life circadian disruption would negatively impact the development of the circadian clock and its adult function. Newborn rats were subjected to a constant light of 16 lux from the day of birth through until postnatal day 20, and then they were housed in conditions of L12 h (16 lux): D12 h (darkness). The circadian period was measured by locomotor activity rhythm at postnatal day 60, and the rhythmic expressions of clock genes and tissue-specific genes were detected in the suprachiasmatic nuclei, retinas, and pineal glands at postnatal days 30 and 90. Our data show that early postnatal exposure to constant light leads to a prolonged endogenous period of locomotor activity rhythm and affects the rhythmic gene expression in all studied brain structures later in life.
Address Department of Sleep Medicine and Chronobiology, National Institute of Mental Health, 250 67 Klecany, Czech Republic
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2227-9059 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:33297440; PMCID:PMC7762254 Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 3273
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Author Alonso, J.C.; Abril-Colón, I.; Palacín, C.
Title Moonlight triggers nocturnal display in a diurnal bird Type Journal Article
Year 2021 Publication Animal Behaviour Abbreviated Journal Animal Behaviour
Volume 171 Issue Pages 87-98
Keywords Moonlight; Animals
Abstract The importance of nocturnal display in diurnal birds has been neglected for a long time, owing to the difficulties in recording behaviour by night. Using loggers with an accelerometer (ACC) we studied nocturnal display in male African houbara bustards, Chlamydotis undulata, ssp. fuertaventurae. Diurnal display of male houbaras consists of a visual component, the display run, and an acoustic component, the boom. Nocturnal display runs were only recorded twice, both on full moon nights. Nocturnal booming intensity was highest on full moon nights when it reached similar levels to those during peak diurnal display at dawn. The more favourable physical conditions for sound transmission and the reduced acoustic competition with wind and other birds at night have been proposed to explain nocturnal vocalizing. Minimizing copulation disruptions, a frequent intramale competition mechanism in bustards, could be an additional advantage of nocturnal display. However, these factors do not explain why vocal activity is highest on full moon nights. We suggest that moonlight may help displaying males to detect predators, as well as to communicate visually with approaching females. Moonlight also allows males to combine booms with visual signals produced by the white neck feathers exposed during booming into more efficient multimodal signals. Moonlight would thus ultimately lead to males achieving nocturnal copulations, which indeed might be more frequent than previously thought, according to rates of nocturnal ACC-recorded precopulatory movements. Finally, nocturnal booming sequences had almost twice as many booms as diurnal ones, which suggests that nocturnal vocalizations transmit higher-quality information about signalling males than diurnal vocalizations. Nocturnal booming significantly increased the total display time of male houbara bustards; thus, future studies should investigate whether nocturnal vocal activity represents an important contribution to individual fitness in this and other nocturnally vocalizing diurnal species.
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Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0003-3472 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 3272
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Author Lan, T.; Shao, G.; Xu, Z.; Tang, L.; Sun, L.
Title Measuring urban compactness based on functional characterization and human activity intensity by integrating multiple geospatial data sources Type Journal Article
Year 2021 Publication Ecological Indicators Abbreviated Journal Ecological Indicators
Volume 121 Issue Pages 107177
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Compact development is one of the most effective solutions for sustainable urbanization under the rapid growth of the urban population. Great efforts have been made to measure urban physical compactness while limited attention has been paid to functional zoning of urban areas. Here, we introduce a novel index, called the functional compactness index (FCI), to quantify urban functional compactness through the integration of geospatial data sources, including Points of Interest (POIs) data, Road Network of OpenStreetMap (RNO) data, and National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) nighttime light data. The FCI does not require the analysis of the grid scale and thus, is technically simpler than conventional compactness index (CI). We examined the effectiveness of FCI on estimating urban compactness under four land use scenarios and in four Chinese cities. The results suggest that: (1) the FCI can comprehensively reflect the intensity of human activity, the differentiation between residential zones and other functional zones, and the mixing degree of different functional zones; (2) the FCI is not affected by the service radius of residential zones; (3) the FCI can reflect the overall and local-scale functional compactness of a city; and (4) the FCI can be used to effectively compare spatial characteristics of functional compactness among different cities. In conclusion, the FCI considers the rationality of urban functional layout, which not only is helpful for urban planning, but also enriches the quantitative methods of urban compactness evaluation.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1470160X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 3271
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Author Song, X.; Mo, Y.; Xuan, Y.; Wang, Q.J.; Wu, W.; Zhang, J.; Zou, X.
Title Impacts of urbanization on precipitation patterns in the greater Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei metropolitan region in northern China Type Journal Article
Year 2021 Publication Environmental Research Letters Abbreviated Journal Environ. Res. Lett.
Volume 16 Issue 1 Pages 014042
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract We present a statistical method to quantify the contribution of urbanization to precipitation changes during 1958–2017 across the greater Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei metropolitan region in northern China. We find distinct trends in precipitation in the past six decades: decreasing in annual and summer while increasing in other seasons. The spatial patterns of precipitation show discernible terrain-induced characteristics with high values in the buffer zones of plain and mountain areas and low values in the northwestern mountainous regions. Our results indicate that although urbanization has limited impacts on the trends and spatial patterns of precipitation, it has a positive contribution to the changes in precipitation for about 80% of the comparisons conducted, especially in autumn (100%), with the negative contribution being dominant in summer (66.67%). In addition, these results are sensitive to the classifications of urban and rural stations, suggesting that how to classify urban/rural areas is a crucial step to estimate the potential contribution of urbanization to precipitation changes. These findings also support that urbanization can diversify and enhance the variations in precipitation, with urban areas becoming a secondary center along with more increasing or less decreasing trends in precipitation.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1748-9326 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 3270
Permanent link to this record