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Author Singhal, R. K., Kumar, V., Kumar, M., & Bose, B. url  openurl
  Title Responses of different light intensities and continue light during dark period on rice (Oryza sativa L.) seed germination and seedling development Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 8 Issue 4 Pages 2602-2609  
  Keywords Plants  
  Abstract Temperature, humidity and moisture content are the important abiotic component regulating seedling establishment in plants including rice. Light factor intensity and duration are also important environmental factors regulating rice growth and development. In the growth and development of rice crop germination followed by seedling establishment is the foremost and very important growth stages. Light component such as intensity, direction and duration are the regulating factor for several physiological, biochemical and molecular processes in plants. To consider these facts, in the present piece of work rice seed of HUR-105 grown under different light regimes, from T1 (2000 lux for 12 h during day time + 12 h dark period) (lower light intensity), T2 (4000 lux for 12 h during day time+ 12 h dark period), T3 (6000 lux for 12 h during day time + 12 h dark period) (moderate), T4 (9000 lux for 12 h during day time + 12 h dark period) (optimum) and to T5 (9000 lux for 12h during day time + 200 lux for 12 h during night time). Germination, seedling growth and biochemical parameters were observed at different time intervals. It was observed that germination %, germination index (GI), germination rate index (GRI), coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG), mean germination rate (MGR), seedling vigour (SV), α-amylase activity and soluble sugar content significantly reduced in both the treatments T1 and T5. Further, the mean time germination and insoluble sugar content were increased in T1 and T5 treatment. The present experiment concluded that both lower light intensity (T1) and addition of low light during dark period (considered as night light pollution) causes stress condition and reduce germination and seedling establishment potential of rice crop.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2738  
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Author Putrenko, V., & Pashynska, N. url  doi
openurl 
  Title DATA MINING OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS WITH USING NIGHTLIGHT INDICATORS Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication TECHNOLOGY AUDIT AND PRODUCTION RESERVES Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3/2 Issue 47 Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract Об’єктом дослідження є процес сталого розвитку територіальних одиниць на прикладі регіонів України. Концепція сталого розвитку стала провідною стратегією розвитку для більшості країн світу. Однією із найбільших проблем залишається отримання повних та верифікованих даних для моделей оцінювання розвитку. В роботі було використано методику розрахунку індексу сталого розвитку, яка розроблена в Світовому центрі даних з геоінформатики та сталого розвитку Національного технічного університету України «Київський політехнічний інститут ім. Ігоря Сікорського». Дана методика ґрунтується на розрахунку метрики індексу сталого розвитку на основі вимірів якості життя населення та безпекової компоненти проживання для окремих країн та регіонів. Для застосування методики на регіональному рівні було запропоновано використання інформації про нічне освітлення території, яка отримується засобами дистанційного зондування Землі із супутникових систем. Досліджено характер та тісноту зв’язку між яскравістю нічного освітлення та індикаторами сталого розвитку. З’ясовано, що найбільш значущий зв’язок наявний між показниками індексу економічного розвитку, індексом впливу на зміну клімату та нічним освітленням території регіонів України. На основі геоінформаційного аналізу програмного забезпечення ArcGIS компанії ESRI було застосовано інструментарій статистичного зонування, який надає можливості для статистичної обробки даних супутникових знімків у межах виокремлених за адміністративним принципом регіонів або інших полігональних областей. На основі математичного апарату інтелектуального аналізу даних було здійснено глобальний та локальний регресійний аналіз зв’язку між виявленими показниками. Розгляд тісноти цього зв’язку в територіальному розрізі дозволив виявити зони з найбільшою та низькою тіснотою впливу, що пояснюється особливостями соціально-економічного розвитку даних територій. Завдяки цьому забезпечується можливість отримання розрахунку аналогічних показників на більш детальних територіальних рівнях, які відповідають окремим районам або містам обласного значення  
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  Language English Summary Language Ukranian Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2737  
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Author Pack, D. W., Coffman, C. M., & Santiago, J. R. url  openurl
  Title A Year in Space for the CUbesat MULtispectral Observing System: CUMULOS Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 33rd Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume SSC19-XI-01 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract CUMULOS is a three-camera system flying as a secondary payload on the Integrated Solar Array and Reflectarray Antenna (ISARA) mission with the goals of researching the use of uncooled commercial infrared cameras for Earth

remote sensing and demonstrating unique nighttime remote sensing capabilities. Three separate cameras comprise the CUMULOS payload: 1) a visible (VIS) Si CMOS camera, 2) a shortwave infrared (SWIR) InGaAs camera, and 3) a longwave infrared (LWIR) vanadium oxide microbolometer. This paper reviews on-orbit operations during the past year, in-space calibration observations and techniques, and Earth remote sensing highlights from the first year of space

operations. CUMULOS operations commenced on 8 June 2018 following the successful completion of the primary ISARA mission. Some of the unique contributions from the CUMULOS payloads include: 1) demonstrating the use of bright stars for on-orbit radiometric calibration of CubeSat payloads, 2) acquisition of science-quality nighttime lights data at 130-m resolution, and 3) operating the first simple Earth observing infrared payloads successfully flown on a CubeSat. Sample remote sensing results include images of: cities at night, ship lights (including fishing vessels), oil industry gas flares, serious wildfires, volcanic activity, and daytime and nighttime clouds. The CUMULOS VIS camera has measured calibrated nightlights imagery of major cities such as Los Angeles, Singapore, Shanghai, Tokyo, Kuwait City, Abu Dhabi, Jeddah, Istanbul, and London at more than 5x the resolution of VIIRS. The utility of these data for measuring light pollution, and mapping urban growth and infrastructure development at higher resolution than

VIIRS is being studied, with an emphasis placed on Los Angeles. The “Carr”, “Camp” and “Woolsey” fires from the 2018 California fire season were imaged with all three cameras and results highlight the excellent wildfire imaging

performance that can be achieved by small sensors. The SWIR camera has exhibited extreme sensitivity to flare and fire hotspots, and was even capable of detecting airglow-illuminated nighttime cloud structures by taking advantage of the strong OH emissions within its 0.9-1.7 micron bandpass. The LWIR microbolometer has proven successful at providing cloud context imagery for our nightlights mapping experiments, can detect very large fires and the brightest flare hotspots, and can also image terrain temperature variation and urban heat islands at 300-m resolution. CUMULOS capabilities show the potential of CubeSats and small sensors to perform several VIIRS-like nighttime mission areas in which wide area coverage can be traded for greater resolution over a smaller field of view. The sensor

has been used in collaboration with VIIRS researchers to explore these mission areas and side-by-side results will be presented illustrating the capabilities as well as the limitations of small aperture LEO CubeSat systems.
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2736  
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Author Cammaerts, M. C., & Cammaerts, R. url  openurl
  Title Effect of nocturnal lighting on an ant’s ethological and physiological traits Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication MOJ Ecology & Environmental Sciences Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue 5 Pages 211-218  
  Keywords Animals  
  Abstract Artificial nocturnal lighting affects the nature, an impact best studied on vertebrates that are directly depending on the presence or absence of light. Here, we examined on an ant species taken as a model the effects of artificial nocturnal lighting on eleven physiological and ethological traits. Ant workers maintained under nocturnal lighting showed a decrease or a change in their level of activity, food consumption, locomotion, orientation ability, audacity, tactile perception, social relationship, learning and memory. This was largely observed during the night but the effects persisted, at a lower extend, during the day  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2735  
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Author Shith, S. & Ramli, N. A. url  openurl
  Title NIGHT-TIME GROUND-LEVEL OZONE TRENDS AND VARIABILITY OVER THE URBAN SITES Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Journal of Sustainability Science and Management Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14 Issue 5 Pages 195-201  
  Keywords Atmospheric chemistry; air pollution  
  Abstract This study evaluates the variation of night-time ground-level ozone (O3

), nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) and nitric oxide (NO) from year 2015 to 2016. During this period, the recorded maximum night-time ground-level O3 was 55 ppb at Putrajaya (PT), which have more areas with higher brightness level compared to another urban site, Alor Setar (AS) at 21 ppb. Lower NO concentrations restricted the sinking agents, thus, reducing the depletion rates and resulted in O3

to remain in the atmosphere. The contributor toward night-time ground-level O3

concentration in the urban site was not only NO2 concentration,

as light pollution might enhance the O3 formations. The photochemistry rate was commonly accounted to be zero due to the absence of photochemical reactions at night. However, the minimum photochemistry rate in both urban was recorded at the ranged from 1.50-2.70 ppb, indicating that O3 was also titrated at night even though the value is not as high as during the day.
 
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2734  
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