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Author Birriel, J. J.; Adkins, J. K. url  openurl
  Title Sky Brightness at Zenith During the January 2019 Total Lunar Eclipse Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication The Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 47 Issue 1 Pages 94  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract Lunar eclipses occur during the full moon phase when the moon is obscured by Earth's shadow. During these events, the night sky brightness changes as the full moon rises and then passes first into the penumbral and then the umbral shadow. We acquired sky brightness data at zenith using a Unihedron Sky Quality Meter during the 20-21 January 2019 total lunar eclipse as seen from Morehead, Kentucky. The resulting sky brightness curve shows an obvious signature when the moon enters the umbral (partial) eclipse phases and the total eclipse phase. During the total eclipse phase, the brightness curve is flat and measures 19.1 ± 0.1 mag / arcsec2. The observed brightness at totality is close to typical new moon in January night at our location, which measures 19.3 ± 0.1 mag / arcsec2. The partial eclipse phase is symmetric on either side of totality. The penumbral phase is more difficult to identify in the plot, without comparison to a typical full moon night. There is a clear asymmetry in the curve just before and just after the umbral phase. This asymmetry is probably due to changes in terrestrial atmospheric conditions, such as high altitude clouds.  
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  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2647  
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Author Witkowski, P., & Korzeniewska, E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Comparative analysis of HPS and LED luminaries in terms of effectiveness of greenhouse plant lighting and light emission Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication IEEE Xplore Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Lighting  
  Abstract The article focuses on the analysis of the parameters of light sources, spectrum characteristics of HPS and LED lighting to achieve the best results in greenhouse cultivation with the least energy consumption, and the escape of light into space. The authors have compared both sodium HPS and LED luminaries in the aspect of colour light efficiency and their influence on the plant vegetation process.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2646  
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Author Cho, M., Park, R., Yoon, J., Choi, Y., Jeong, J. I., Labzovskii, L., Fu, J. S., Huang, K., Jeong, S., & Kim, B. url  openurl
  Title A missing component of Arctic warming: Black carbon from gas flaring Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Environmental Research Letters Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract Gas flaring during oil extraction over the Arctic region is the primary source of warming-inducing aerosols (e.g., black carbon (BC)) with a strong potential to affect regional climate change. Despite continual BC emissions near the Arctic Ocean via gas flaring, the climatic impacts of BC related to gas flaring remain uncertain. Here, we present simulations of potential gas flaring using an earth system model with comprehensive aerosol physics that to show that increases in BC from gas flaring can potentially explain a significant fraction of Arctic warming. BC emissions from gas flaring over high latitudes contribute to locally confined warming over the source region, especially during the Arctic spring through BC-induced local albedo reduction. This local warming invokes remote and temporally lagging sea-ice melting feedback processes over the Arctic Ocean during winter. Our findings imply that a regional change in anthropogenic aerosol forcing is capable of changing Arctic temperatures in regions far from the aerosol source via time-lagged, sea-ice-related Arctic physical processes. We suggest that both energy consumption and production processes can increase Arctic warming.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2645  
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Author Oda, T., Bun, R., Kinakh, V. et al. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Errors and uncertainties in a gridded carbon dioxide emissions inventory Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 24 Issue 6 Pages 1007-1050  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract Emission inventories (EIs) are the fundamental tool to monitor compliance with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and emission reduction commitments. Inventory accounting guidelines provide the best practices to help EI compilers across different countries and regions make comparable, national emission estimates regardless of differences in data availability. However, there are a variety of sources of error and uncertainty that originate beyond what the inventory guidelines can define. Spatially explicit EIs, which are a key product for atmospheric modeling applications, are often developed for research purposes and there are no specific guidelines to achieve spatial emission estimates. The errors and uncertainties associated with the spatial estimates are unique to the approaches employed and are often difficult to assess. This study compares the global, high-resolution (1 km), fossil fuel, carbon dioxide (CO2), gridded EI Open-source Data Inventory for Anthropogenic CO2 (ODIAC) with the multi-resolution, spatially explicit bottom-up EI geoinformation technologies, spatio-temporal approaches, and full carbon account for improving the accuracy of GHG inventories (GESAPU) over the domain of Poland. By taking full advantage of the data granularity that bottom-up EI offers, this study characterized the potential biases in spatial disaggregation by emission sector (point and non-point emissions) across different scales (national, subnational/regional, and urban policy-relevant scales) and identified the root causes. While two EIs are in agreement in total and sectoral emissions (2.2% for the total emissions), the emission spatial patterns showed large differences (10~100% relative differences at 1 km) especially at the urban-rural transitioning areas (90–100%). We however found that the agreement of emissions over urban areas is surprisingly good compared with the estimates previously reported for US cities. This paper also discusses the use of spatially explicit EIs for climate mitigation applications beyond the common use in atmospheric modeling. We conclude with a discussion of current and future challenges of EIs in support of successful implementation of GHG emission monitoring and mitigation activity under the Paris Climate Agreement from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21). We highlight the importance of capacity building for EI development and coordinated research efforts of EI, atmospheric observations, and modeling to overcome the challenges.  
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  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2644  
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Author Carley J. S., Grabarczyk, E. E., Vonhof, M. J., & Gill, S. A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Social factors, not anthropogenic noise or artificial light, influence onset of dawn singing in a common songbird Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication The Auk: Ornithological Advances Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Animals  
  Abstract With worldwide increases in artificial light and anthropogenic noise, understanding how these pollutants influence animals allows us to better mitigate potential negative effects. Both light and noise affect the timing of daily activities, including the onset of dawn song in birds, yet the influence of these pollutants compared with social factors that also influence song onset remains unknown. We investigated the onset of dawn song, testing hypotheses aimed at understanding the influences of light and noise pollution as well as male competition, pairing status, and breeding stage on timing of dawn singing by male House Wrens (Troglodytes aedon). Overall, models with social factors fit song onset data better than models with abiotic factors of noise and sky glow, and the highest ranking model included nesting stage, number of male neighbors, and temperature. Males began singing earlier when they were building nests and when mates were fertile than during later nesting stages. Males also sang earlier as the number of male neighbors increased. The timing of dawn song by male House Wrens appeared unaffected by day-to-day variation in light and noise pollution, with social factors having larger effects on the onset of daily behavior in this species.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial (down) 2643  
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