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Author Xie, Z.; Han, Y.; Sun, L.; Ping, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Analysis of land cover evolution within the built-up areas of provincial capital cities in northeastern China based on nighttime light data and Landsat data Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 15 Issue 10 Pages e0239371  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract Mastering the evolution of urban land cover is important for urban management and planning. In this paper, a method for analyzing land cover evolution within urban built-up areas based on nighttime light data and Landsat data is proposed. The method solves the problem of inaccurate descriptions of urban built-up area boundaries from the use of single-source diurnal or nocturnal remote sensing data and was able to achieve an effective analysis of land cover evolution within built-up areas. Four main procedures are involved: (1) The neighborhood extremum method and maximum likelihood method are used to extract nighttime light data and the urban built-up area boundaries from the Landsat data, respectively; (2) multisource urban boundaries are obtained using boundary pixel fusion of the nighttime light data and Landsat urban built-up area boundaries; (3) the maximum likelihood method is used to classify Landsat data within multisource urban boundaries into land cover classes, such as impervious surface, vegetation and water, and to calculate landscape indexes, such as overall landscape trends, degree of fragmentation and degree of aggregation; (4) the changes in the multisource urban boundaries and landscape indexes were obtained using the abovementioned methods, which were supported by multitemporal nighttime light data and Landsat data, to model the urban land cover evolution. Using the cities of Shenyang, Changchun and Harbin in northeastern China as experimental areas, the multitemporal landscape index showed that the integration and aggregation of land cover in the urban areas had an increasing trend, the natural environment of Shenyang and Harbin was improving, while Changchun laid more emphasis on the construction of artificial facilities. At the same time, the method proposed in this paper to extract built-up areas from multi-source city data showed that the user accuracy, production accuracy, overall accuracy and Kappa coefficient are at least 3%, 1%, 1% and 0.04 higher than the single-source data method.  
  Address School of Transportation Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University, Hunnan District, Shenyang, China  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1932-6203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:33001996; PMCID:PMC7529268 Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 3166  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Padilla-Martinez, J.M.; Abad-Corpa, E.; Gea-Sanchez, M.; Casado-Ramirez, E.; Rol-de Lama, M.A.; Madrid-Perez, J.A.; Moreno-Casbas, M.T. url  doi
openurl 
  Title “Detection of factors influencing circadian rhythms on Intensive Care inpatients and hospitalization: Protocol for an observational study” Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Journal of Advanced Nursing Abbreviated Journal J Adv Nurs  
  Volume in press Issue Pages in press  
  Keywords Human Health; care; circadian rhythm; hospitalization; light; noise; nursing; nursing activities; protocol; sleep quality  
  Abstract AIMS: Identify the prevalence of circadian health disorders in ICU and hospitalized patients. Stablish the relationship of the circadian system with light, temperature, noise and nursing activities. BACKGROUND: Commonly, self-assessment through subjective questionnaires is used for research about sleep quality. However, more reliable and valid measures should be applied objectively to find out the real prevalence of the problem. There is a negative relationship between circadian rhythms and hospitalization. In this study, we will analyse sleep patterns and hospital environments to implement measures to improve the quality of care related to sleep. DESIGN: Descriptive observational study. It is estimated that 975 patients from 13 hospitals need to be recruited from ICU and hospitalization units. The sample should meet the following criteria: Patients over 18 admitted to ICU and medical units, length of stay between 96-148 hr, with no visual, hearing or moderate-severe cognitive impairment. Variables: Sleep variables are collected with an electronic device (named Kronowise(R) and Kronobed(R)), circadian and infrared light exposure, environmental noise, temperature, unit structural characteristics, nursing care (from 0 to 6 a.m.) and, characteristics of hospitalization period. The study, registered on Clinical Trials, initiated in December 2019 and it will continue up to December 2022. DISCUSSION: Using objective and subjective measures of sleep and circadian rhythms, this study will shed light on the factors that negatively affect the hospitalized patients' sleep quality and circadian health. The ultimate goal is to design hospital guidelines to minimize the adverse effects on the dependent variables studied. Arguably, these guidelines will contribute to reducing the risk of these alterations and it will also serve to improve the nursing activities. CONCLUSION: We expect to obtain adequate results for the creation of a protocol to improve the circadian health, quality of care and health outcomes related to sleep in patients.  
  Address Biomedical Research Center for Fragility and Healthy Aging (CIBERFES), Madrid, Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0309-2402 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:32996642 Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 3165  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Dick; R. openurl 
  Title The Biological Basis for the Canadian Guideline for Outdoor Lighting 2--Impact of the Brightness of Light. Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 114 Issue 5 Pages 205-210  
  Keywords Vison; Biology  
  Abstract One of the most obvious attributes of light is brightness. This paper will address specific brightness thresholds that have been found to impact animal health and behaviour, including humans. However, the meaning of brightness is vague and must be further refined and quantified. This paper will introduce and define these terms and will discuss the sensitivity of wildlife biology and behaviour to levels of luminance and illuminance. It may not be apparent from the common metrics used for “brightness” that a lamp will impact the ecosystem or human health. Our focus is on biology, which depends on the energy carried by the light, or its spectrum, and not strictly its apparent brightness. However, the subject of spectrum will be deferred to the third paper in this series.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 3164  
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Author Alam M.; Dappe M. H.; Melecky M.; Goldblatt R. url  openurl
  Title Wider Economic Benefits of Transport Corridors: Evidence from International Development Organizations Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Policy Research Working Paper Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue 9057 Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract This paper collects meta data on transport corridor projects financed by the Asian Development Bank, Japan International Cooperation Agency, and World Bank and links them to one important wider economic benefit -- local economic activity. The meta data cover 47 projects in 16 countries, with appraisal dates between 1991 and 2007. First, the paper reviews the variation in project design and implementation -- including the local initial conditions, complementary non-transport interventions, and private sector involvement. Second, using the difference-in-differences methodology, the paper links this variation to a measure of local economic activity -- the geocoded intensity of nighttime lights. The effect of the supported corridor projects on local economic activity could be very heterogenous and significantly depend on certain initial conditions and project characteristics. The latter could include locations with access to the sea, as well as projects with a strong theory of change and better engagement of the private sector.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number UP @ altintas1 @ Serial (down) 3163  
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Author Metan S. S.; Kshirsagar A. R.; Samleti G. N.; Patki V. K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Anti-Glare Headlamp a Safe Option for Better Vision to the Rider Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering Abbreviated Journal IJITEE  
  Volume 8 Issue 9S2 Pages 672-678  
  Keywords Public Safety  
  Abstract As per the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways report 2018, every day around 410 road fatalities in India, which is one of the highest road crash fatalities in the world. Evaluations show that an average of 1% of nighttime fatal crash lists glare as a major contributor factor. On the multilane highway, vehicle with high glared headlamp light disturbs the approaching motorist eyes due to which the vision of the motorist gets indistinct for a few seconds causing accidents on the road.

In the present work, a novel concept of an anti-glare headlamp is proposed to avoid the temporary blindness of the motorist due to momentary high glares from approaching vehicles. The anti- glare film reduces glare and halos around headlamp light at night and eliminates unattractive reflections on the eyes. A successful attempt is made to analyze the visibility of objects in a scene by inspecting contrast reduction caused by the illuminance contribution. Our visualization of scenes with the cover-up veiling illuminance gives a good indication of the visual problems that might occur, but the images are not exactly what people perceive when observing the scene in reality.

In the present study, after number of samples, it has found that that the mixture of yellow and green color film combination on halogen bulb headlamp will give a good vision to the rider as well as glare-free effect to the approaching motorist. Visualizations with the proposed method can still improve the understanding of human vision so that visual aspects can be taken into account in design and quality assurance of head lamp.
 
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2278-3075 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number UP @ altintas1 @ Serial (down) 3162  
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