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Author Aubrecht, C.; Elvidge, C. D.; Ziskin, D.; Longcore, T.; Rich, C.
Title 'When the lights stay on' – A novel approach to assessing human impact on the environment. Earth. Type Journal Article
Year 2008 Publication Earthzine Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Ecology
Abstract A consequence of the explosive expansion of human civilization has been the global loss of biodiversity and changes to life-sustaining geophysical processes of Earth. The footprint of human occupation is uniquely visible from space in the form of artificial night lighting – ranging from the burning of the rainforest to massive offshore fisheries to omnipresent lights of cities, towns, and villages. This article describes a novel approach to assessing global human impact using satellite observed nighttime lights. The results provide reef managers and governments a first-pass screening tool for reef conservation projects. Sites requiring restoration and precautionary actions can be identified and assessed further in more focused investigations. We hope to create a mental picture for others to see and encourage participation in maintaining and restoring the natural world.
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Call Number LoNNe @ schroer @ Serial 569
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Author Eisenbeis, G.; Hassel, F.
Title Zur Anziehung nachtaktiver Insekten durch Straßenlaternen-eine Studie kommunaler Beleuchtungseinrichtungen in der Agrarlandschaft Rheinhessens. Type Journal Article
Year 2000 Publication Natur Und Landschaft Abbreviated Journal
Volume 4 Issue Pages 145–156
Keywords Animals
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 596
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Author Jackett, M.; Frith, W.
Title Quantifying the impact of road lighting on road safety -- A New Zealand Study Type Journal Article
Year 2013 Publication IATSS Research Abbreviated Journal IATSS Research
Volume 36 Issue 2 Pages 139-145
Keywords Lighting; roadway lighting; road safety; traffic safety; public safety
Abstract It is well known from the literature that road lighting has significant safety benefits. The NZTA Economic Evaluation Manual (EEM) quotes a 35% reduction in crashes as the effect of upgrading or improving lighting where lighting is poor.

However, no well-established dose–response relationship to lighting parameters exists from which one can deduce benchmark levels of lighting for safety.

This study looked at a sample of street lighting installations spread over the urban areas of nine territorial local authorities. Standard street lighting parameters were measured in the field using a variety of instruments including illuminance meter, luminance meter and digital camera. Field measurements were related to the ratio of night-time to day time crashes as a measure of night time safety vis-a-vis daytime safety.

A statistically significant dose–response relationship was found between average road luminance and safety across all traffic volume groups, with an indication that the relationship may be stronger where more serious crashes are involved.

Threshold increment was also a significant variable but not so longitudinal uniformity or overall uniformity.

The results related to luminance will allow practitioners to better estimate the safety benefits of different levels of lighting resulting in better targeting of expenditure.
Address Jackett Consulting, Lower Hutt, New Zealand; jackett(at)paradise.net.nz
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Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language English Original Title
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ISSN 0386-1112 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 638
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Author Brüning, A.; Hölker, F.
Title Lichtverschmutzung und die Folgen für Fische. Type Journal Article
Year 2013 Publication In: Held, M., Hölker, F. & Jessel, B (2013) Schutz der Nacht – Lichtverschmutzung, Biodiversität und Nachtlandschaft. – BfN-Skripten Abbreviated Journal
Volume 336 Issue Pages 69-72
Keywords Animals
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Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 688
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Author Höttinger, H.; Graf, W.
Title Zur Anlockwirkung Öffentlicher Beleuchtungseinrichtungen auf nachtaktive Insekten Hinweise für Freilandversuche im Wiener Stadtgebiet zur Minimierung negativer Auswirkungen. Type Journal Article
Year 2003 Publication Studie im Auftrag der MA 22 (Umweltschutz) Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 22:37
Keywords Animals
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Language German Summary Language Original Title
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 692
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