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Author Chang, Y.; Wang, S.; Zhou, Y.; Wang, L.; Wang, F.
Title (up) A Novel Method of Evaluating Highway Traffic Prosperity Based on Nighttime Light Remote Sensing Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal Remote Sensing
Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages 102
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract As the backbone and arteries of a comprehensive transportation network, highways play an important role in improving people’s living standards and promoting economic growth. However, globally, there is limited quantifiable data evaluating the highway traffic state, characteristics, and performance. From the 1960s to the present, remote sensing has been regarded as the most effective technology for long-term and large-scale monitoring of surface information. However, how to reflect the dynamic “flow” information of traffic with a static remote sensing image has always been a difficult problem that is hard to solve in the field. This study aims to construct a method of evaluating highway traffic prosperity using nighttime remote sensing. First, based on nighttime light data that indicate social and economic activities, a highway-oriented method was proposed to extract highway nighttime light data from 2015 annual nighttime light data of the Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite sensor (SNPP-VIIRS). Subsequently, Pearson correlation analysis was used to fit the relationship between freeway traffic flow volume and freeway nighttime light at the provincial level. The results showed that Pearson Correlation Coefficient of freeway nighttime light and freeway traffic flow volume for coach and truck are 0.905 and 0.731, respectively, which are higher than between freeway traffic flow volume for coach and truck and total nighttime light (0.593 and 0.516, respectively). A new index—Highway Nighttime Traffic Prosperity Index (HNTPI)—was proposed to evaluate highway traffic across China. The results showed that HNTPI has a strong correspondence with socio-economic parameters. The Pearson Correlation Coefficient of HNTPI and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, consumption per capita, and population are 0.772, 0.895, and 0.968, respectively. There is a huge spatial heterogeneity in China nighttime traffic, the prosperity degree of highway traffic in developed coastal areas is obviously higher than that inland. The national general highway is the most prosperous highway at night and the national general highway nighttime prosperity of Shanghai reached 22.34%. This research provides basic data for the long-term monitoring and evaluation of regional traffic operation at night and research on the correlation between regional highway construction and the economy.
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ISSN 2072-4292 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2801
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Author Rayleigh, L.
Title (up) A Photoelectric Method of Measuring the Light of the Night Sky with Studies of the Course of Variation through the Night Type Journal Article
Year 1929 Publication Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences Abbreviated Journal Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume 124 Issue 794 Pages 395-408
Keywords Instrumentation; Night Sky Brightness
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ISSN 1364-5021 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2396
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Author Strutt, R.J.
Title (up) A photoelectric method of measuring the light of the night sky with studies of the course of variation through the night Type Journal Article
Year 1929 Publication Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical and Physical Character Abbreviated Journal Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A
Volume 124 Issue 794 Pages 395-408
Keywords Instrumentation; Natural Sky Brightness; Airglow
Abstract The investigations already published on the intensity of the night sky have been made by means of visual photometry, using a convenient instrument with a self-contained luminous source of radioactive origin. Nothing could rival this for simplicity and portability; it is always ready and requires no attention. On the other hand visual photometry is not a very satisfactory process even for ordinary light, and with this faint light it is far from giving the desirable degree of accuracy. I have therefore spent much effort in trying to replace it by some photoelectric method of measurement. A satisfactory method has now been evolved, and will be described, together with the results. A preliminary notice of the earlier results was given in a paper written at the request of Prof. S. Chapman, F. R. S., Chairman of the International Committee on Terrestrial and Solar Relationships, the receipt of which was acknowledged by him on June 19, 1928. The relevant passage is:- “Most of the difficulties have been overcome and preliminary observations have been in progress for some months past. I have been able to follow the changes of intensity from hour to hour on clear nights. Some evidence has been found suggesting diurnal periodicity. The observed intensity nearly always increases between nightfall and midnight, beyond which the observations have not usually been carried.”
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0950-1207 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 3124
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Author Elvey, C.T.; Roach, F.E.
Title (up) A Photoelectric Study of the Light from the Night Sky Type Journal Article
Year 1937 Publication The Astrophysical Journal Abbreviated Journal ApJL
Volume 85 Issue Pages 213
Keywords Instrumentation; Sky Brightness
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-637X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2399
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Author Mirzakhalil, S.H.; Bidgoli, S.A.
Title (up) A Photographic Investigation of Tehran's Light Pollution from North and East Directions Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Anthropogenic Pollution Abbreviated Journal
Volume 1 Issue 1 Pages 18-24
Keywords Skygow
Abstract Tehran is the most affected town by light pollution in Iran. In this study, the role of the regional topography in the distribution of light pollution in Tehran was evaluated using digital images recording and analyzing the obtained images from Tehran sky-glow by East and South in standard image-processing Software. The scale of Tehran's glowing =dome as measured by 17 mag/arc sec2 or 0.017 cd/m2 by South, and 18.7 (mag/arc sec2) or 0.0035 cd/m2 by East. Considering the approximately equal distance of the two viewpoints from the center of Tehran city, the calculated scale by South is 1.36 times larger than the amount from the East point.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 3047
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