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Author Hu, T.; Huang, X. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A novel locally adaptive method for modeling the spatiotemporal dynamics of global electric power consumption based on DMSP-OLS nighttime stable light data Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Applied Energy Abbreviated Journal Applied Energy  
  Volume 240 Issue Pages 778-792  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract Timely and reliable estimation of electricity power consumption (EPC) is essential to the rational deployment of electricity power resources. Nighttime stable light (NSL) data from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) have the potential to model global 1-km gridded EPC. A processing chain to estimate EPC includes: (1) NSL data correction; and (2) regression model between EPC statistics and NSL data. For the global gridded EPC estimation, the current approach is to correct the global NSL image in a uniform manner and establish the linear relationships between NSL and EPC. However, the impacts of local socioeconomic inconsistencies on the NSL correction and model establishment are not fully considered. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a novel locally adaptive method for global EPC estimation. Firstly, we set up two options (with or without the correction) for each local area considering the global NSL image is not saturated everywhere. Secondly, three directions (forward, backward, or average) are alternatives for the inter-annual correction to remove the discontinuity effect of NSL data. Thirdly, four optional models (linear, logarithmic, exponential, or second-order polynomial) are adopted for the EPC estimation of each local area with different socioeconomic dynamic. Finally, the options for each step constitute all candidate processing chains, from which the optimal one is adaptively chosen for each local area based on the coefficient of determination. The results demonstrate that our product outperforms the existing one, at global, continental, and national scales. Particularly, the proportion of countries/districts with a high accuracy (MARE (mean of the absolute relative error)  ≤ 10%) increases from 17.8% to 57.8% and the percentage of countries/districts with inaccurate results (MARE > 50%) decreases sharply from 23.0% to 3.7%. This product can enhance the detailed understanding of the spatiotemporal dynamics of global EPC.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0306-2619 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2242  
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Author Chang, Y.; Wang, S.; Zhou, Y.; Wang, L.; Wang, F. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A Novel Method of Evaluating Highway Traffic Prosperity Based on Nighttime Light Remote Sensing Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal Remote Sensing  
  Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages 102  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract As the backbone and arteries of a comprehensive transportation network, highways play an important role in improving people’s living standards and promoting economic growth. However, globally, there is limited quantifiable data evaluating the highway traffic state, characteristics, and performance. From the 1960s to the present, remote sensing has been regarded as the most effective technology for long-term and large-scale monitoring of surface information. However, how to reflect the dynamic “flow” information of traffic with a static remote sensing image has always been a difficult problem that is hard to solve in the field. This study aims to construct a method of evaluating highway traffic prosperity using nighttime remote sensing. First, based on nighttime light data that indicate social and economic activities, a highway-oriented method was proposed to extract highway nighttime light data from 2015 annual nighttime light data of the Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite sensor (SNPP-VIIRS). Subsequently, Pearson correlation analysis was used to fit the relationship between freeway traffic flow volume and freeway nighttime light at the provincial level. The results showed that Pearson Correlation Coefficient of freeway nighttime light and freeway traffic flow volume for coach and truck are 0.905 and 0.731, respectively, which are higher than between freeway traffic flow volume for coach and truck and total nighttime light (0.593 and 0.516, respectively). A new index—Highway Nighttime Traffic Prosperity Index (HNTPI)—was proposed to evaluate highway traffic across China. The results showed that HNTPI has a strong correspondence with socio-economic parameters. The Pearson Correlation Coefficient of HNTPI and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, consumption per capita, and population are 0.772, 0.895, and 0.968, respectively. There is a huge spatial heterogeneity in China nighttime traffic, the prosperity degree of highway traffic in developed coastal areas is obviously higher than that inland. The national general highway is the most prosperous highway at night and the national general highway nighttime prosperity of Shanghai reached 22.34%. This research provides basic data for the long-term monitoring and evaluation of regional traffic operation at night and research on the correlation between regional highway construction and the economy.  
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  ISSN 2072-4292 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2801  
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Author Rayleigh, L. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A Photoelectric Method of Measuring the Light of the Night Sky with Studies of the Course of Variation through the Night Type Journal Article
  Year 1929 Publication Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences Abbreviated Journal Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
  Volume 124 Issue 794 Pages 395-408  
  Keywords Instrumentation; Night Sky Brightness  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1364-5021 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2396  
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Author Elvey, C.T.; Roach, F.E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) A Photoelectric Study of the Light from the Night Sky Type Journal Article
  Year 1937 Publication The Astrophysical Journal Abbreviated Journal ApJL  
  Volume 85 Issue Pages 213  
  Keywords Instrumentation; Sky Brightness  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0004-637X ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2399  
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Author Ashford, O.M. openurl 
  Title (up) A portable cloud searchlight Type Journal Article
  Year 1947 Publication Weather Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2 Issue Pages 103-104  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2044  
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