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Author Fonken, L.K.; Nelson, R.J.
Title The Effects of Light at Night on Circadian Clocks and Metabolism Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 2014 Publication Endocrine Reviews Abbreviated Journal Endocr Rev
Volume 35 Issue 4 Pages 648-670
Keywords Human Health; Circadian Rhythm; clock genes; epidemiology; light at night; review
Abstract Most organisms display endogenously produced approximately ~24 h fluctuations in physiology and behavior, termed circadian rhythms. Circadian rhythms are driven by a transcriptional-translational feedback loop that is hierarchically expressed throughout the brain and body, with the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus serving as the master circadian oscillator at the top of the hierarchy. Appropriate circadian regulation is important for many homeostatic functions including energy regulation. Multiple genes involved in nutrient metabolism display rhythmic oscillations and metabolically related hormones such as glucagon, insulin, ghrelin, leptin, and corticosterone are released in a circadian fashion. Mice harboring mutations in circadian clock genes alter feeding behavior, endocrine signaling, and dietary fat absorption. Moreover, misalignment between behavioral and molecular circadian clocks can result in obesity in both rodents and humans. Importantly, circadian rhythms are most potently synchronized to the external environment by light information and exposure to light at night potentially disrupts circadian system function. Since the advent of electric lights around the turn of the 20th century, exposure to artificial and irregular light schedules has become commonplace. The increase in exposure to light at night parallels the global increase in the prevalence of obesity and metabolic disorders. In this review, we propose that exposure to light at night alters metabolic function through disruption of the circadian system. We first provide an introduction to the circadian system, with a specific emphasis on the effects of light on circadian rhythms. Next we address interactions between the circadian system and metabolism. Finally, we review current experimental and epidemiological work directly associating exposure to light at night and metabolism.
Address Department of Neuroscience, Wexner Medical Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Endocrine Society Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0163-769X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:24673196 Approved no
Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 314
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Author Outen, A. R.
Title The ecological effects of road lighting Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 2002 Publication In: Sherwood, B.R.; Cutler, D. und Burton, J. (Hrsg.): Wildlife and Roads: The Ecological Impact. London Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 133-155
Keywords Public Safety; Animals; Conservation
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 700
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Author Zielinska-Dabkowska, K.M.
Title Night in a big city. Light festivals as a creative medium used at night and their impact on the authority, significance and prestige of a city Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 2016 Publication The Role of Cultural Institutions and Events in the Marketing of Cities and Regions Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 63–90
Keywords Lighting; Society
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Publisher Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego Place of Publication Łódz, Poland Editor Domanski, T.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2933
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Author Lessard, B.
Title Shot in the Dark: Nocturnal Philosophy and Night Photography Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 2018 Publication Critical Distance in Documentary Media Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 45-67
Keywords Society; Art
Abstract This chapter examines the neglected practice of night photography, and how it critically addresses the environmental, sociohistorical, and urban issues in recent series by Christina Seely, Bruno Lessard, Michel Huneault, and Jeanine Michna-Bales. Drawing on Jacques Derrida, Emmanuel Levinas, and the emerging field of night studies to create a nocturnal philosophy—a dark photology—with which to frame the multifaceted issues at the heart of the series, the author examines the value that these photographic artists place upon night to document light pollution around the world, ongoing urban transformations in China, an environmental catastrophe and its aftermath in Québec, and the landscape of the Underground Railroad in the United States. These four series demonstrate how night photography offers a unique critical perspective on some of the most pressing problems of our age, and how these artists distance themselves from the predominantly diurnal register of documentary media.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2319
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Author Zielinska-Dabkowska, K.M.
Title Urban Lighting Masterplan—Definitions, Methodologies and Collaboration Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 2019 Publication Urban Lighting for People: Evidence—Based Lighting Design for the Built Environment Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 18–41
Keywords Planning
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Publisher RIBA Publishing Place of Publication London, UK Editor Davoudian, N.
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 9780367814588 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 2934
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