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Author Roach, F.E.; Gordon, J.L. doi  openurl
  Title The Light of the Night Sky Type (up) Book Whole
  Year 1973 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Natural Sky Brightness; Airglow  
  Abstract Astronomy appears to us as a combination of art, science, and philosophy. Its study puts the universe into perspective, giving a sense of pleasure in its beauty, awe at its immensity, and humility at our trivial place in it. From earliest human history, man has scrutinized the night sky – and wondered and marveled. With unaided eye but perceptive mind, he recognized order in the regular appearance and movements of individual objects, such as the planets and star groups (constellations), in their rhythmic and majestic progressions across the bowl of night. Even in the present era of scientific exactitude, there remains a profound awareness of mysteries beyond our present interpretations. It is only in comparatively recent years, however, that man has recognized that it takes more than conventional astronomy to account for the beauties ofthe night sky. Radiations in the Earth's upper atmosphere provide a foreground light, the study of which has come under a new name, aeronomy. The science of aeronomy has rapidly burgeoned, and the student of the light of the night sky finds that he is involved in an interdisciplinary domain. The 'meat' of one discipline, however, may be the 'poison' of the other. To the astronomer, the Earth's atmosphere, inhibiting his extra-terrestrial viewing, is a serious nuisance. To the aeronomer, the Moon, planets, stars, and Galaxies hamper his measurements and interfere with his studies of the Earth's upper atmosphere. Yet both sets of elements are basic to the beauties as well as to the understanding of the light of the night sky. It is essentially the students of astronomy and aeronomy for whom we have written this book. We also hope, however, that it will present much of interest and value to the bemused sky watcher, for whom some detailed knowledge of the several con-tried to meld these dual objectives to create a broadly based, professionally valid tributors to the nighttinie sky may increase his pleasure in contemplating it. We have treatise that will lead the serious student to deeper probing into the phenomena and will inspire both him and the enthusiastic amateur to an appreciation of that half of their experience which we may refer to as their 'night life'.  
  Address  
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  Publisher Reidel Publishing Company Place of Publication Dordrecht, Holland Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 3125  
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Author Fernández Sánchez, J. F.; Barranco R’ios, J.; Naráez Rueda, J. J. openurl 
  Title Software de Medición Automatizada y Robótica de la Oscuridad del Cielo Type (up) Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication In Libro de actas del XXI Congreso Estatal de Astronom’ia Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 205–209  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 936  
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Author Elvidge, C. D.; Erwin, E.H.; Baugh, K.E.; Ziskin, D.; Tuttle, B.T.; Ghosh, T.; Sutton, P.C. url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Overview of DMSP nightime lights and future possibilities Type (up) Conference Article
  Year 2009 Publication Joint Urban Remote Sensing Event Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing; DMSP; DMSP-OLS; Night lights  
  Abstract The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Operational Linescan System (OLS) has a unique capability to collect low-light imaging data of the earth at night. The OLS and its predecessors have collected this style of data on a nightly global basis since 1972. The digital archive of OLS data extends back to 1992. Over the years several global nighttime lights products have been generated. NGDC has now produced a set of global cloud-free nighttime lights products, specifically processed for the detection of changes in lighting emitted by human settlements, spanning 1992-93 to 2008. While the OLS is far from ideal for observing nighttime lights, the DMSP nighttime lights products have been successfully used in modeling the spatial distribution of population density, carbon emissions, and economic activity.  
  Address Earth Observation Group NOAA National Geophysical Data Center Boulder, Colorado 80305 USA; chris.elvidge(at)noaa.gov  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2334-0932 ISBN 978-1-4244-3461-9 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 2668  
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Author Pack, D. W., Coffman, C. M., & Santiago, J. R. url  openurl
  Title A Year in Space for the CUbesat MULtispectral Observing System: CUMULOS Type (up) Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 33rd Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume SSC19-XI-01 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract CUMULOS is a three-camera system flying as a secondary payload on the Integrated Solar Array and Reflectarray Antenna (ISARA) mission with the goals of researching the use of uncooled commercial infrared cameras for Earth

remote sensing and demonstrating unique nighttime remote sensing capabilities. Three separate cameras comprise the CUMULOS payload: 1) a visible (VIS) Si CMOS camera, 2) a shortwave infrared (SWIR) InGaAs camera, and 3) a longwave infrared (LWIR) vanadium oxide microbolometer. This paper reviews on-orbit operations during the past year, in-space calibration observations and techniques, and Earth remote sensing highlights from the first year of space

operations. CUMULOS operations commenced on 8 June 2018 following the successful completion of the primary ISARA mission. Some of the unique contributions from the CUMULOS payloads include: 1) demonstrating the use of bright stars for on-orbit radiometric calibration of CubeSat payloads, 2) acquisition of science-quality nighttime lights data at 130-m resolution, and 3) operating the first simple Earth observing infrared payloads successfully flown on a CubeSat. Sample remote sensing results include images of: cities at night, ship lights (including fishing vessels), oil industry gas flares, serious wildfires, volcanic activity, and daytime and nighttime clouds. The CUMULOS VIS camera has measured calibrated nightlights imagery of major cities such as Los Angeles, Singapore, Shanghai, Tokyo, Kuwait City, Abu Dhabi, Jeddah, Istanbul, and London at more than 5x the resolution of VIIRS. The utility of these data for measuring light pollution, and mapping urban growth and infrastructure development at higher resolution than

VIIRS is being studied, with an emphasis placed on Los Angeles. The “Carr”, “Camp” and “Woolsey” fires from the 2018 California fire season were imaged with all three cameras and results highlight the excellent wildfire imaging

performance that can be achieved by small sensors. The SWIR camera has exhibited extreme sensitivity to flare and fire hotspots, and was even capable of detecting airglow-illuminated nighttime cloud structures by taking advantage of the strong OH emissions within its 0.9-1.7 micron bandpass. The LWIR microbolometer has proven successful at providing cloud context imagery for our nightlights mapping experiments, can detect very large fires and the brightest flare hotspots, and can also image terrain temperature variation and urban heat islands at 300-m resolution. CUMULOS capabilities show the potential of CubeSats and small sensors to perform several VIIRS-like nighttime mission areas in which wide area coverage can be traded for greater resolution over a smaller field of view. The sensor

has been used in collaboration with VIIRS researchers to explore these mission areas and side-by-side results will be presented illustrating the capabilities as well as the limitations of small aperture LEO CubeSat systems.
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2736  
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Author Galimberti, J. K.; Pichler, S.; Pleninger, R. url  openurl
  Title Measuring Inequality using Geospatial Data Type (up) Conference Article
  Year 2020 Publication AUT Economics Working Paper Series Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract The main challenge in studying economic inequality is limited data availability, which is particularly problematic in developing countries. We construct a measure of economic inequality for 234 countries and territories from 1992 to 2013 using satellite data on nighttime light emissions as well as gridded population data. Key methodological innovations include the use of varying levels of data aggregation, and a parsimonious calibration of the lights-prosperity relationship to match traditional inequality measures based on income data. Indeed, we obtain a measure that is significantly correlated with cross-country variation in income inequality. Subsequently, we provide three applications of the data in the fields of health economics and international finance. Our results show that light- and income-based inequality measures lead to similar results in terms of cross-country correlations, but not for the dynamics of inequality measure can capture more enduring features of economic activity that are not directly captured by income.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number UP @ altintas1 @ Serial 3232  
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