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Author Li, X.T., Chen, B., Wang, H.J., Zheng, G., Yang, D., Miao, X.Y., & Xu, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of urban nighttime light on the growth of Cinnamomum camphora Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue 7 Pages 2284-2290  
  Keywords Plants  
  Abstract To understand the effects of urban artificial nighttime light on the growth of evergreen trees, we conducted a field investigation in a typical urban street planted with Cinnamomum camphora (a common evergreen street tree species in eastern China) in the Nanjing City, China. Along the street, trees from two types of growing locations with contrasting distances from the street lamp (just under the lamp vs. between two adjacent lamps) were selected. The growth-related plant functional traits were measured and compared. The results showed that trees grown under the lamp had a mean diameter at beast height (DBH) of 16.8 cm, current-year branch productivity (CBP) of 309.4 g·m-2, current-year leaf productivity (CLP) of 241.5 g·m-2, and leaf relative chlorophyll content (LCC) of 34.6 SPAD. Trees grown between lamps had a mean DBH of 15.5 cm, CBP of 273.4 g·m-2, CLP of 212.8 g·m-2, and LCC of 33.1 SPAD. DBH, CBP, CLP and LCC of the trees under the lamp were significantly higher than those between lamps. There was no significant difference in specific leaf area between trees from the two locations. Our results suggested that urban artificial nighttime light could promote the growth of C. camphora, and alter sunlight-determined characteristics of canopy growth vigor.

为了解常绿乔木对城市夜间灯光的生长响应,以华东地区典型常绿行道树种香樟为对象,研究南京市一条典型道路上近灯处(路灯正下方)和远灯处(两相邻路灯中间位置)生长区位的夜间光照强度差异性对香樟生长性状的影响.结果表明: 近灯处香樟的平均胸径为16.8 cm,当年生小枝总生产力为309.4 g·m-2,当年生叶片生产力为241.5 g·m-2,叶片相对叶绿素含量为34.6 SPAD.远灯处香樟的平均胸径为15.5 cm,当年生小枝总生产力为273.4 g·m-2,当年生叶片生产力为212.8 g·m-2,叶片相对叶绿素含量为33.1 SPAD.近灯处香樟的平均胸径、当年生小枝总生产力、当年生叶片生产力及叶片相对叶绿素含量均显著高于远灯处.两处树木间比叶面积没有显著差异.夜间灯光的补充照明促进了近灯处香樟的生长,并改变了树冠生长对阳光的响应特征.
 
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  Language Chinese Summary Language Original Title  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2728  
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Author Nicholls, S. K., Casiraghi, L. P., Wang. W., Weber, E. T., & Harrington, M. E. url  openurl
  Title Evidence for Internal Desynchrony Caused by Circadian Clock Resetting Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 92 Issue 2 Pages 259-270  
  Keywords Animals; Human Health; Review  
  Abstract Circadian disruption has been linked to markers for poor health outcomes in humans and animal models. What is it about circadian disruption that is problematic? One hypothesis is that phase resetting of the circadian system, which occurs in response to changes in environmental timing cues, leads to internal desynchrony within the organism. Internal desynchrony is understood as acute changes in phase relationships between biological rhythms from different cell groups, tissues, or organs within the body. Do we have strong evidence for internal desynchrony associated with or caused by circadian clock resetting? Here we review the literature, highlighting several key studies from measures of gene expression in laboratory rodents. We conclude that current evidence offers strong support for the premise that some protocols for light-induced resetting are associated with internal desynchrony. It is important to continue research to test whether internal desynchrony is necessary and/or sufficient for negative health impact of circadian disruption.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2631  
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Author Zhao, Z., Zhou, Y., Tan, G., & Li, J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Research progress about the effect and prevention of blue light on eyes Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication International Journal of Ophthalmology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 11 Issue 12 Pages 1999-2003  
  Keywords Vision; Human Health; Review  
  Abstract In recent years, people have become increasingly attentive to light pollution influences on their eyes. In the visible spectrum, short-wave blue light with wavelength between 415 nm and 455 nm is closely related to eye light damage. This high energy blue light passes through the cornea and lens to the retina causing diseases such as dry eye, cataract, age-related macular degeneration, even stimulating the brain, inhibiting melatonin secretion, and enhancing adrenocortical hormone production, which will destroy the hormonal balance and directly affect sleep quality. Therefore, the effect of Blu-rays on ocular is becoming an important concern for the future. We describe blue light's effects on eye tissues, summarize the research on eye injury and its physical prevention and medical treatment.  
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  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2313  
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Author Dominoni, D.M., Halfwerk, W., Baird, E. et al. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Why conservation biology can benefit from sensory ecology Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Nature Ecology & Evolution Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue Pages 502-511  
  Keywords Conservation; Animals; Vision  
  Abstract Global expansion of human activities is associated with the introduction of novel stimuli, such as anthropogenic noise, artificial lights and chemical agents. Progress in documenting the ecological effects of sensory pollutants is weakened by sparse knowledge of the mechanisms underlying these effects. This severely limits our capacity to devise mitigation measures. Here, we integrate knowledge of animal sensory ecology, physiology and life history to articulate three perceptual mechanisms—masking, distracting and misleading—that clearly explain how and why anthropogenic sensory pollutants impact organisms. We then link these three mechanisms to ecological consequences and discuss their implications for conservation. We argue that this framework can reveal the presence of ‘sensory danger zones’, hotspots of conservation concern where sensory pollutants overlap in space and time with an organism’s activity, and foster development of strategic interventions to mitigate the impact of sensory pollutants. Future research that applies this framework will provide critical insight to preserve the natural sensory world.  
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  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2972  
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Author Rayleigh, L. url  openurl
  Title Colour of the Night Sky Type Journal Article
  Year 1920 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 106 Issue 2653 Pages 8  
  Keywords Natural sky brightness; airglow  
  Abstract So far as I have been able to learn, little or nothing is known about the colour of the night sky. The light is too faint for ordinary visual discrimination of colour, which disappears with diminishing intensity of illumintion much Before the light it self ceases to be perceptible.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 3121  
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