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Author Libertun de Duren, N, & Osorio, R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title The Effect of Public Expenditure on the Housing Deficit in Peru at the Municipal Level Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Housing Policy Debate Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-23  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract What impact does public expenditure on housing have on the deficit in a municipality? This article answers this question for Peru for the period 2001–2013. Municipalities with high expenditure levels saw a reduction in the number of households lacking access to water, sanitation, and electricity. There was no significant change in cohabitation, overcrowding, or lack of documents of ownership. The analysis was based on the empirical association between mineral exploitation and housing deficit at the municipal level. Municipalities that benefited from the mineral boom after 2007 saw housing expenditures increase dramatically, which reduced the housing deficit associated with poor materials to 18% from 33% (the national average). In addition, the housing deficit related to lack of water, sanitation, and electricity decreased from 26% to 22%.  
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  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2947  
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Author Sung, C. Y., & Kim, Y.-J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Analysis of the Status of Light Pollution and its Potential Effect on Ecosystem of the Deogyusan National Park Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 34 Issue 1 Pages 63-71  
  Keywords Conservation; Ecology; Remote Sensing  
  Abstract This study characterized the spatial and seasonal patterns of light pollution in the Deogyusan National Park and examined the potential effects of light pollution on ecosystems in the park using light intensities derived from VIIRS (Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite) DNB (Day and Night Band) nightlight images collected in January and August 2018. Results showed that the Muju Deogyusan resort had the greatest light intensity than other sources of light pollution in the park, and light intensity of the resort was much higher in January than in August, suggesting that artificial lights in ski slopes and facilities were the major source of light pollution in the park. An analysis of an urban-natural light pollution gradient along a neighboring urban area through the inside of the park indicated that light radiated from a light pollution source permeated for up to 1km into the adjacent area and contaminated the edge area of the park. Of the legally protected species whose distributions were reported in literature, four mammals (Martes flavigula, Mustela nivalis, Prionailurus bengalensis, Pteromys volans aluco), two birds (Falco subbuteo, Falco tinnunculus), and nine amphibians and reptiles (Onychodactylus koreanus, Hynobius leechii, Karsenia koreana, Rana dybowskii, Rana huanrenensis, Elaphe dione, Rhabdophis tigrinus, Gloydius ussuriensis, Gloydius saxatilis) inhabited light-polluted areas. Of those species inhabiting light-polluted areas, nocturnal species, such as Prionailurus bengalensis and Pteromys volans aluco, in particular, were vulnerable to light pollution. These results implied that protecting ecosystems from light pollution in national parks requires managing nighttime light in the parks and surrounding areas and making a plan to manage nighttime light pollution by taking into account ecological characteristics of wild animals in the parks.  
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  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2948  
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Author Lapostolle, D, & Challéat, S. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Making Darkness a Place-Based Resource: How the Fight against Light Pollution Reconfigures Rural Areas in France Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Annals of the American Association of Geographers Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Conservation; Society  
  Abstract Light pollution refers to the degradation of darkness through the use of artificial light at night in and around human infrastructures. This pollution is intrinsically related to urbanization and spills out from urban areas to affect both rural and protected areas. Several countries are organizing the fight against light pollution. There, local communities are experimenting with environmental policies designed to protect darkness. The challenge is about preserving biodiversity and fostering the energy transition. In France, a number of pioneering rural areas are experimenting with mechanisms that include this dual implication. Two of them provide the case study for this article. We show how these areas turn darkness into a specific resource. We identify three specification processes. The first obeys an anthropocentric utilitarian rationale and is part of the “economicization” of the environment in the line of shallow ecology. The second follows a rationale of ecocentric conservation and is part of the radical ecologization of the economy, in line with deep ecology. The third is in keeping with an integrated socioecosystemic rationale enshrining the interdependence between development, planning, the preservation of biodiversity, and energy savings. Local areas are plagued with specification controversies. These areas become incubation rooms; that is, spaces for resolving these controversies. These are reflected in a transition operator enabling the local area to take a fresh trajectory in terms of development and planning.  
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  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2949  
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Author Ali A.A.S., Zakaria S.A., Guan A.C.K., Shun C.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Lighting for Heritage Building: A Case Study of the Lighting Design Applied on St. George’s Church in George Town, Penang Island Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Awang M., Meor M Fared M. (eds) ICACE 2019. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 59 Issue Pages 113-119  
  Keywords Lighting  
  Abstract Light is one of the critical aspects of architecture, yet it is one of the understated elements in our daily lives. Light has a significant spot to form events, activities, and memories. Scientific studies have shown that appropriate and proper lighting does not only affect human health but daily human moods as well. Nowadays, lighting fixtures play essential roles in architecture and markets. A proper lighting fixture helps to highlight the structure, textures, and form of the shape of a building. However, the designers tend to focus more on the art aesthetics rather than the conservation ethics, such as the colorful design and the attractive lighting fixtures on the building, while the prime concern should be on realizing the impact of the lighting fixture toward the environment. The objectives of this study are to highlight the issues of the lighting system of the heritage building and suggest some recommendations to meet the requirements for the heritage building for better lighting design. The data for this research was collected using the quantitative method. Thus, as a result, it is found out that lighting design highlights the historical building, and therefore, attracts tourists, which benefit the economy. However, improper lighting installation leads to a negative impact on the society and human health.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2950  
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Author Tahar, M., Ahmad, N., & Ismail, N. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Identifying Light Pollution Sources at Two Major Observatories in Malaysia Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Sains Malaysiana Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 49 Issue 2 Pages 439-445  
  Keywords Skyglow  
  Abstract A spectral observation and analysis were conducted in order to identify the main contributor of sky brightness at two of Malaysia’s most active observatories. The light pollution observations were carried out under moonless clear night sky

with a 90 mm refractor telescope and SBIG’s Self Guiding Spectrograph. We found that the main contributor to Balai Cerap Teluk Kemang (BCTK) sky brightness is High Pressure Sodium (HPS) street lighting due to its number and density

used within 5 km radius of the observatory. HPS spectral lines dominate the spectrum between 556 – 640 nm, agrees with the orange hue visible to the naked eye. The intensity due to HPS lighting is so high that there was no trace of the

concerned white LED spotlight less than 1 km away. However, some traces of elements from Mercury Vapor (MV) lamps at 3.6 km distance managed to reach the observatory in the green spectrum. The finding concludes that the nearby LED

spotlight does not affect the night sky brightness over BCTK. Meanwhile, Langkawi National Observatory (LNO) sky profile was also observed during heavy fishing season as comparison. The sky spectra for LNO was similar to BCTK in

the reds except for a very distinct peak in green region corresponding highly with green MV (532 – 547 nm) with peaks at 536 nm and 546 nm, matches the lamps used for squid fishing around the island. The intensity of the green MV light matches the intensity of HPS light sources, during the observation period of peak squid season in January. This made LNO a far less favorable condition for astronomical observing site compared to BCTK. We also found that LNO sky has brightened 3.767 times compared to finding of 2013.
 
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2951  
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