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Author (up) Roychowdhury, K.; Jones, S.; Arrowsmith, C.; Reinke, K.
Title Indian census using satellite images: Can DMSP-OLS data be used for small administrative regions? Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Urban Remote Sensing Event (JURSE), 2011 Joint Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 153 - 156
Keywords Remote Sensing; India; South Asia; DMSP; DMSP-OLS
Abstract India conducts its census every ten years. Census data is collected manually in India with enumerators visiting every household in the country. Being such a vast country (in terms of area) and with a population of more than 1 billion, manual data collection is a laborious and expensive process. In response, this paper proposes a surrogate census method using DMSP-OLS night-time images. The study focuses on smaller administrative regions such as sub-districts (or taluks as they are known in the country) in the state of Maharashtra. Models are proposed using selected census metrics, and mean and standard deviation of stable lights and brightness information as obtained from the satellite images. The adjusted r2 values range from 0.2 to 0.8 at 95% confidence interval, with the majority of the metrics being moderately correlated (with r2 between 0.4 and 0.7). Generally it was found that the observed lights and brightness of big rural settlements from DMSP-OLS images have the potential for predicting certain census metrics. However, unlike larger areas such as districts where DMSP-OLS night-time images adequately predict census metrics, at the sub-district level the results need to be supplemented and validated with other information sources such as survey reports.
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 490
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Author (up) Roychowdhury, K.; Taubenbock, H.; Jones, S.
Title Delineating urban, suburban and rural areas using Landsat and DMSP-OLS night-time images Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Urban Remote Sensing Event (JURSE), 2011 Joint Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 33 - 36
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract The number and size of urban settlements are increasing in all the continents of the world at a rapid pace. Urban sprawl is associated not only with changes in landcover and area, but also ecological, climate and social transformations. Mapping the growth and spread of urban areas is important. Remote sensing has long been used to map human settlements. Today the availability of a large number of satellites and sensors, determining the appropriate image to map urban area is a research area itself. This study compares two satellite images: Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper data and Defence Meteorological Satellite Program, Operational Linescan System image to map the urban footprint of the city of Hyderabad, India. Landsat ETM data is captured during the daytime and gives spectral reflectance values while the DMSP-OLS data captures artificial lights from human settlements at night and produces brightness information. The results show an accuracy of more than 90% in the classification and delineation of urban, suburban and rural landcover types. This study shows that in addition to spectral reflectance captured by satellites from different features on the earth surface during the daytime, differences in the degree of brightness of the lights emitted from urban areas at night is also an effective indicator in delineating landcover types.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 491
Permanent link to this record