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Author Müller-Crepon, C. url  openurl
  Title Indirect Rule, Cash Crop Production, and Development in Africa Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract Colonial governance in Africa varied considerably in its extent of indirect rule

through precolonial institutions. Assessing the developmental consequences

of indirect rule, this paper argues that it strengthened populations’ bargaining

power and increased public service provision in return for taxation of agricultural produce, in particular cash crops. To test this argument, I exploit variation in the indirectness of colonial rule: whereas British indirect rule increased in the centralization of precolonial institutions, the French implemented more uniform direct rule. I furthermore measure public service provision with georeferenced education outcomes of individuals born and raised under colonial rule and use soils’ suitability for cash crop production as an exogenous proxy for real production. Supporting the theoretical claim, the effect of cash crop suitability on primary education increases with precolonial centralization in former British colonies, but not in French ones. Comparisons of education rates in neighboring ethnic groups with different levels of centralization and ethnic groups cut by British-French boundaries reaffirm this result. Contemporary development outcomes show patterns consistent with persistent effects

of indirect rule in cash crop producing areas. The findings underscore the joint

importance of political institutions and resource endowments in determining

local development.
 
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2956  
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