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Author (up) Lolkema, D.T.; et al url  openurl
  Title Position Paper from the User Community Earth Observation of Nighttime Lighting Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Unpublished position paper Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract Artificial night lighting is a unique sign of human activity. Pictures from space show us

beautifully and strikingly how we illuminate our planet. Light emission (and low-light

reflection) data can aid research in numerous fields, from socio-economic studies, via light

pollution, to emergency response. The only instrument currently capable of measuring

nighttime lights from space is the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program – Operational

Linescan System (DMSP-OLS). Although this unique dataset was the first to allow analysis

of our nighttime activities, it has many shortcomings, such as rather coarse spatial resolution

(2.5 km ground sampling distance), only panchromatic visible spectral information and no

visible band calibration, 6-bit quantification, saturation and overglow. By the end of 2011, a

new instrument will be launched, the Visible-Infrared Imager-Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)

onboard the NPOESS1

Preparatory Project (NPP) satellite. This instrument remedies some of

the shortcomings of the DMSP-OLS instrument, but it still is not designed for earth

observation of nighttime lighting and lacks many specifications we advocate here. On June

10th 2011, the High Sensitivity Camera (HSC) onboard the Aquarius/SAC-D satellite was

launched successfully. This instrument has a panchromatic band (450 – 610 nm) and a

resolution of 200-300 meters. The foreseen products and other characteristics are yet

unknown to the authors.
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 489  
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