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Author Kruse, F.A.; Elvidge, C.D. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Identifying and mapping night lights using imaging spectrometry Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Proceedings of Aerospace Conference, 2011 IEEE, March 5-11 2011. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1 - 6  
  Keywords Instrumentation  
  Abstract Remote mapping of night lights using the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) has been used for decades to inventory the global distribution of human activity. ©± The coarse spatial and spectral resolution of DMSP, however, has precluded discrimination of lighting types or spectral characteristics. Recent demonstrations using photography from the International Space Station and airborne multispectral simulations demonstrate significant potential, but high-spectral-resolution field and laboratory measurements indicate that these methods do not take full advantage of the spectral information available. This research demonstrates the use of imaging spectrometer data to identify, characterize, and map urban lighting based on comparison to a lights spectral library. The library provides information about spectral emission lines unique to specific lighting types. ProSpecTIR-VS imaging spectrometer data of Las Vegas, Nevada were analyzed to extract spectral features and these were compared to the spectral library measurements on a pixel-by-pixel basis, resulting in a detailed spatial map showing different lighting types. The nature and distribution of lights can be used as a surrogate for characterization of urban settings, and measurement of urban development.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 470  
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Author Müller, A.; Wuchterl, G.; Sarazin, M. url  openurl
  Title Measuring the Night Sky Brightness with the Lightmeter. Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication ReVMexAA Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 41 Issue Pages 46–49  
  Keywords Instrumentation; instrumentation: photometers; light pollution; methods: data analysis; methods: observational; site testing  
  Abstract We present a newly developed, low-cost photometer for long-term monitoring of the night sky brightness and

light pollution on Earth. The so-called Lightmeter is an as far as possible stand-alone operational, fully

weatherproof, and maintenance-free device. It provides a high data sampling rate of up to 1 Hz as well as a

superb sensitivity covering the whole brightness range down to the darkest night time conditions. The excellent

performance of the Lightmeter allows a continuously monitoring of the night sky brightness and opens a wide

range of applications at an observatory site like determining overall sky conditions in real time, cloud detection

and estimation of their velocity, measuring relative changes in extinction as well as the detection of long term

trends in brightness caused by an increase of artificial illumination. We will present first results of measurements

taken at Cerro Armazones, one of the best obser
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 471  
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Author Davies, T.W.; Bennie, J.; Gaston, K.J. url  openurl
  Title Street lighting changes the composition of invertebrate communities Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Biology Letters Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 8 Issue 5 Pages 764-767  
  Keywords Ecology; artificial light pollution; community composition; ground-dwelling invertebrates; high pressure sodium; street lights  
  Abstract Artificial lighting has been used to illuminate the nocturnal environment for centuries and continues to expand with urbanization and economic development. Yet, the potential ecological impact of the resultant light pollution has only recently emerged as a major cause for concern. While investigations have demonstrated that artificial lighting can influence organism behaviour, reproductive success and survivorship, none have addressed whether it is altering the composition of communities. We show, for the first time, that invertebrate community composition is affected by proximity to street lighting independently of the time of day. Five major invertebrate groups contributed to compositional differences, resulting in an increase in the number of predatory and scavenging individuals in brightly lit communities. Our results indicate that street lighting changes the environment at higher levels of biological organization than previously recognized, raising the potential that it can alter the structure and function of ecosystems.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 474  
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Author Mattfeld, M.; Ehlers, F.; Reichenback, M. openurl 
  Title Optimising the Lighting Equipment on the Mittelplate Drilling and Production Island in the German Wadden Sea Tidelands. Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Oil Gas European Magazine Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 38 Issue Pages 90-94  
  Keywords Ecology; Lighting Systems  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 476  
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Author Brüning, A.; Hölker, F.; Wolter, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Artificial light at night: implications for early life stages development in four temperate freshwater fish species Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Aquatic Sciences Abbreviated Journal Aquat Sci  
  Volume 73 Issue 1 Pages 143-152  
  Keywords Ecology  
  Abstract Flora and fauna have both evolved under a natural cycle of light and dark. But especially in urban areas, the night is now increasingly disturbed by artificial light. Many traits and behaviours in fish are triggered by a circadian clock, for example hatching and swim bladder inflation, which predominantly take place at dusk or night. As lighting becomes brighter and extends farther into rural areas, the distinction between day and night becomes increasingly blurred. Therefore, the loss of diurnal trigger by artificial light at night was hypothesized having deleterious effects on these traits and impact fish reproduction. To assess these effects, eggs of four native freshwater fishes, Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis, roach Rutilus rutilus, bleak Alburnus alburnus and chub Leuciscus cephalus, were incubated under two different light conditions: a photoperiod of 14 h light:10 h darkness (LD) and continuous illumination (LL). The time to hatch and swim bladder inflation was recorded. The species showed inconsistent reactions to the light treatments. In roach and bleak, the time to 50% hatch was longer in LL, whereas continuous lighting had an accelerating effect in chub. Incubation in LL elongated the hatching period in perch and roach and, in perch, the onset of darkness seemed to trigger hatching. The swim bladder inflation was significantly promoted by continuous light in chub and bleak but was not affected in roach. In conclusion, nocturnal artificial illumination could have an effect on hatching and initial swim bladder filling by masking the day–night-change and thereby diminish the trigger effect. However, the reactions were species specific and the increase in variation indicated a lack of diurnal triggering, whilst a general deleterious effect of artificial light at night has not been identified on early life stages.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1015-1621 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 477  
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