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Author (up) Almeida, D.N.; Fumega, J.M.-G.
Title How can planning for sustainability improve Costa de Caparica's nightlife? Type Journal Article
Year 2012 Publication International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development Abbreviated Journal International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages 111-123
Keywords Economics
Abstract In the twentieth century, several transformations occurred in the way society used and perceived urban lighting. This allowed the growth of leisure and other activities related to free time and culture into the night period. Night gained an increasing importance among urban policies and therefore required to be framed within these complex urban contexts as well as other planning processes. This article addresses the Polis Program and its contribution to the improvement of Costa de Caparica's nightlife. It aims to analyse the urban renewal intervention of the Polis Program at Costa de Caparica in terms of night economy and sustainability concerns, in light of Egan's sustainable communities' components. The argument is that the planning of night can contribute to the construction of a sustainable community. The main conclusions focus on the importance that should have been given to governance, public participation and equity components of Egan's wheel along the implementation of the programme, as well as in planning processes broadly, towards achieving a sustainable nightlife.
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ISSN 1946-3138 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 434
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Author (up) Altermatt, F.; Ebert, D.
Title Reduced flight-to-light behaviour of moth populations exposed to long-term urban light pollution Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Biology Letters Abbreviated Journal Biol Lett
Volume 12 Issue 4 Pages 20160111
Keywords Lepidoptera; Yponomeuta; adaptation; environmental change; natural selection
Abstract The globally increasing light pollution is a well-recognized threat to ecosystems, with negative effects on human, animal and plant wellbeing. The most well-known and widely documented consequence of light pollution is the generally fatal attraction of nocturnal insects to artificial light sources. However, the evolutionary consequences are unknown. Here we report that moth populations from urban areas with high, globally relevant levels of light pollution over several decades show a significantly reduced flight-to-light behaviour compared with populations of the same species from pristine dark-sky habitats. Using a common garden setting, we reared moths from 10 different populations from early-instar larvae and experimentally compared their flight-to-light behaviour under standardized conditions. Moths from urban populations had a significant reduction in the flight-to-light behaviour compared with pristine populations. The reduced attraction to light sources of 'city moths' may directly increase these individuals' survival and reproduction. We anticipate that it comes with a reduced mobility, which negatively affects foraging as well as colonization ability. As nocturnal insects are of eminent significance as pollinators and the primary food source of many vertebrates, an evolutionary change of the flight-to-light behaviour thereby potentially cascades across species interaction networks.
Address Department of Environmental Sciences, Zoology, University of Basel, Vesalgasse 1, 4051 Basel, Switzerland
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ISSN 1744-9561 ISBN Medium
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Notes PMID:27072407 Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1420
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Author (up) Alves, T.
Title Art, Light and Landscape New Agendas for Urban Development Type Journal Article
Year 2007 Publication European Planning Studies Abbreviated Journal European Planning Studies
Volume 15 Issue 9 Pages 1247-1260
Keywords Society
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ISSN 0965-4313 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 985
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Author (up) Alves, T.; Almeida, D.
Title Planning the night – light as a central issue Type Journal Article
Year 2009 Publication In The Regional Studies Association. Regional Studies Association Annual Conference 2009: Understanding and Shaping Regions: Spatial, Social and Economic Futures. Seaford: The Regional Studies Association Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 18
Keywords Society
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 986
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Author (up) Alves-Simoes, M.; Coleman, G.; Canal, M.
Title Effects of type of light on mouse circadian behaviour and stress levels Type Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication Laboratory Animals Abbreviated Journal Lab. Anim.
Volume 50 Issue 1 Pages 21-29
Keywords Animals; mouse; albino; pigmented; fluorescent light; LED light; Circadian Rhythm
Abstract Light is the principal synchronizing environmental factor for the biological clock. Light quantity (intensity), and light quality (type of light source) can have different effects. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the type of light experienced from the time of birth on mouse growth, circadian behaviour and stress levels. We raised pigmented and albino mice under 24 h light–dark cycles of either fluorescent or white light-emitting diode (LED) light source during the suckling stage, and the animals were then exposed to various light environments after weaning and their growth rate, locomotor activity and plasma corticosterone concentration were measured. We found that the type of light the animals were exposed to did not affect the animals’ growth rates or stress levels. However, we observed significant effects on the expression of the locomotor activity rhythm under low contrast light–dark cycles in pigmented mice, and under constant light in both albino and pigmented mice. These results highlight the importance of environmental light quality (light source) on circadian behavioural rhythms, and the need for close monitoring of light environments in animal facilities.
Address University of Manchester, Faculty of Life Sciences, AV Hill Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK. Email: maria.canal{at}manchester.ac.uk
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Language English Summary Language English Original Title
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Notes Approved no
Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1177
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