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Author (up) Aubrecht, C.; Elvidge, C.D.; Longcore, T.; Rich, C.; Safran, J.; Strong, A.E.; Eakin, C.M.; Baugh, K.E.; Tuttle, B.T.; Howard, A.T.; Erwin, E.H.
Title A global inventory of coral reef stressors based on satellite observed nighttime lights Type Journal Article
Year 2008 Publication Geocarto International Abbreviated Journal Geocarto International
Volume 23 Issue 6 Pages 467-479
Keywords Animals; Remote Sensing
Abstract In this article, we present a satellite-based approach to gather information about the threat to coral reefs worldwide. Three chosen reef stressors – development, gas flaring and heavily lit fishing boat activity – are analysed using nighttime lights data derived from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) produced at the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA/NGDC). Nighttime lights represent a direct threat to coral reef ecosystems and are an excellent proxy measure for associated human-caused stressors. A lights proximity index (LPI) is calculated, measuring the distance of coral reef sites to each of the stressors and incorporating the stressor's intensity. Colourized maps visualize the results on a global scale. Area rankings clarify the effects of artificial night lighting on coral reefs on a regional scale. The results should be very useful for reef managers and for state administrations to implement coral reef conservation projects and for the scientific world to conduct further research.
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ISSN 1010-6049 ISBN Medium
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 3198
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Author (up) Aubrecht, C.; Jaiteh, M.; Sherbinin, A.De.; Longcore, T.
Title Monitoring impact of urban settlements on nearby protected areas from space. Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication Geophysical Research Abstracts Abbreviated Journal
Volume 12 Issue Pages 12758-12758
Keywords Remote Sensing
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Call Number LoNNe @ schroer @ Serial 570
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Author (up) Aubrecht, C.; León Torres, J.
Title Evaluating Multi-Sensor Nighttime Earth Observation Data for Identification of Mixed vs. Residential Use in Urban Areas Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal Remote Sensing
Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 114
Keywords Remote Sensing
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ISSN 2072-4292 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1353
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Author (up) Aubrecht, C.; Stojan-Dolar, M.; de Sherbinin, A.; Jaiteh, M.; Longcore, T.; Elvidge, C.
Title Lighting governance for protected areas and beyond – Identifying the urgent need for sustainable management of artificial light at night Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication Earthzine Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages e61460
Keywords Editorial
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Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 465
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Author (up) Aubrecht, T.; Weil, Z.; Nelson, R.
Title Dim light at night interferes with the development of the short-day phenotype and impairs cell-mediated immunity in Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) Type Journal Article
Year 2014 Publication Journal of Experimental Zoology Abbreviated Journal J. Exp. Zool.
Volume 321 Issue 8 Pages 450-456
Keywords animals; seasonal timing; chronobiological effects
Abstract Winter is a challenging time to survive and breed outside of the tropics. Animals use day length (photoperiod) to regulate seasonally appropriate adaptations in anticipation of challenging winter conditions. The net result of these photoperiod-mediated adjustments is enhanced immune function and increased survival. Thus, the ability to discriminate day length information is critical for survival and reproduction in small animals. However, during the past century, urban and suburban development has rapidly expanded and filled the night sky with light from various sources, obscuring crucial light-dark signals, which alters physiological interpretation of day lengths. Furthermore, reduced space, increased proximity to people, and the presence of light at night may act as stressors for small animals. Whereas acute stressors typically enhance immune responses, chronic exposure to stressors often impairs immune responses. Therefore, we hypothesized that the combination of dim light at night and chronic stress interferes with enhanced cell-mediated immunity observed during short days. Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) were assigned to short or long days with dark nights (0 lux) or dim (5 lux) light at night for 10 weeks. Following 2 weeks of chronic restraint (6 hr/day), a model of chronic stress, delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses were assessed. Both dim light at night and restraint reduced the DTH response. Dim light at night during long nights produced an intermediate short day phenotype. These results suggest the constant presence of light at night could negatively affect survival of photoperiodic rodents by disrupting the timing of breeding and immune responses.
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Call Number LoNNe @ schroer @ Serial 1574
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