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Author Rocha, H.; Peretta, I.S.; Lima, G.F.M.; Marques, L.G.; Yamanaka, K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Exterior lighting computer-automated design based on multi-criteria parallel evolutionary algorithm: optimized designs for illumination quality and energy efficiency Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Expert Systems with Applications Abbreviated Journal Expert Systems with Applications  
  Volume 45 Issue Pages 208-222  
  Keywords Lighting  
  Abstract A proper professional lighting design implies in a continuous search for the best compromise between both low power consumption and better lighting quality. This search converts this design into a hard to solve multi-objective optimization problem. Evolutionary algorithms are widely used to attack that type of hard optimization problems. However, professionals could not benefit from that kind of assistance since evolutionary algorithms have been unexplored by several commercial lighting design computer-aided softwares. This work proposes a system based on evolutionary algorithms which implement a computer-automated exterior lighting design both adequate to irregular shaped areas and able to respect lighting pole positioning constraints. The desired lighting design is constructed using a cluster of computers supported by a web client, turning this application into an efficient and easy tool to reduce project cycles, increase quality of results and decrease calculation times. This ELCAutoD-EA system consists in a proposal for a parallel multi-objective evolutionary algorithm to be executed in a cluster of computers with a Java remote client. User must choose lighting pole heights, allowed lamps and fixtures, as well as the simplified blue print of the area to be illuminated, marking the sub-areas with restrictions to pole positioning. The desired average illuminance must also be informed as well as the accepted tolerance. Based on user informed data, the developed application uses a dynamic representation of variable size as a chromosome and the cluster executes the evolutionary algorithm using the Island model paradigm. Achieved solutions comply with the illumination standards requirements and have a strong commitment to lighting quality and power consumption. In the present case study, the evolved design used 37.5% less power than the reference lighting design provided by a professional and at the same time ensured a 227.3% better global lighting uniformity. A better lighting quality is achieved because the proposed system solves multi-objective optimization problems by avoiding power wastes which are often unclear to a professional lighting engineer in charge of a given project.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0957-4174 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number (down) LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1281  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Zhang, Q.; Li, B.; Thau, D.; Moore, R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Building a Better Urban Picture: Combining Day and Night Remote Sensing Imagery Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Remote Sensing Abbreviated Journal Remote Sensing  
  Volume 7 Issue 9 Pages 11887-11913  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2072-4292 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number (down) LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1282  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Gorresen, P.; Cryan, P.; Dalton, D.; Wolf, S.; Johnson, J.; Todd, C.; Bonaccorso, F. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Dim ultraviolet light as a means of deterring activity by the Hawaiian hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus semotus Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Endangered Species Research Abbreviated Journal Endang. Species. Res.  
  Volume 28 Issue 3 Pages 249-257  
  Keywords animals  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1863-5407 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number (down) LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1287  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Baird, E.; Fernandez, D.C.; Wcislo, W.T.; Warrant, E.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Flight control and landing precision in the nocturnal bee Megalopta is robust to large changes in light intensity Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Frontiers in Physiology Abbreviated Journal Front. Physiol.  
  Volume 6 Issue Pages 305  
  Keywords animals; vision  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1664-042X ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number (down) LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1289  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sanders, D.; Kehoe, R.; Tiley, K.; Bennie, J.; Cruse, D.; Davies, T.W.; Frank van Veen, F.J.; Gaston, K.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Artificial nighttime light changes aphid-parasitoid population dynamics Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Scientific Reports Abbreviated Journal Sci Rep  
  Volume 5 Issue Pages 15232  
  Keywords Ecology; animals; plants  
  Abstract Artificial light at night (ALAN) is recognized as a widespread and increasingly important anthropogenic environmental pressure on wild species and their interactions. Understanding of how these impacts translate into changes in population dynamics of communities with multiple trophic levels is, however, severely lacking. In an outdoor mesocosm experiment we tested the effect of ALAN on the population dynamics of a plant-aphid-parasitoid community with one plant species, three aphid species and their specialist parasitoids. The light treatment reduced the abundance of two aphid species by 20% over five generations, most likely as a consequence of bottom-up effects, with reductions in bean plant biomass being observed. For the aphid Megoura viciae this effect was reversed under autumn conditions with the light treatment promoting continuous reproduction through asexuals. All three parasitoid species were negatively affected by the light treatment, through reduced host numbers and we discuss induced possible behavioural changes. These results suggest that, in addition to direct impacts on species behaviour, the impacts of ALAN can cascade through food webs with potentially far reaching effects on the wider ecosystem.  
  Address Environment &Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus Penryn, Cornwall, TR10 9EZ, United Kingdom  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2045-2322 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26472251; PMCID:PMC4607942 Approved no  
  Call Number (down) LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1290  
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