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Author Lolkema, D.T.; et al
Title Position Paper from the User Community Earth Observation of Nighttime Lighting Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Unpublished position paper Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue (up) Pages
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract Artificial night lighting is a unique sign of human activity. Pictures from space show us

beautifully and strikingly how we illuminate our planet. Light emission (and low-light

reflection) data can aid research in numerous fields, from socio-economic studies, via light

pollution, to emergency response. The only instrument currently capable of measuring

nighttime lights from space is the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program – Operational

Linescan System (DMSP-OLS). Although this unique dataset was the first to allow analysis

of our nighttime activities, it has many shortcomings, such as rather coarse spatial resolution

(2.5 km ground sampling distance), only panchromatic visible spectral information and no

visible band calibration, 6-bit quantification, saturation and overglow. By the end of 2011, a

new instrument will be launched, the Visible-Infrared Imager-Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)

onboard the NPOESS1

Preparatory Project (NPP) satellite. This instrument remedies some of

the shortcomings of the DMSP-OLS instrument, but it still is not designed for earth

observation of nighttime lighting and lacks many specifications we advocate here. On June

10th 2011, the High Sensitivity Camera (HSC) onboard the Aquarius/SAC-D satellite was

launched successfully. This instrument has a panchromatic band (450 – 610 nm) and a

resolution of 200-300 meters. The foreseen products and other characteristics are yet

unknown to the authors.
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ISSN ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 489
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Author Roychowdhury, K.; Jones, S.; Arrowsmith, C.; Reinke, K.
Title Indian census using satellite images: Can DMSP-OLS data be used for small administrative regions? Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Urban Remote Sensing Event (JURSE), 2011 Joint Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue (up) Pages 153 - 156
Keywords Remote Sensing; India; South Asia; DMSP; DMSP-OLS
Abstract India conducts its census every ten years. Census data is collected manually in India with enumerators visiting every household in the country. Being such a vast country (in terms of area) and with a population of more than 1 billion, manual data collection is a laborious and expensive process. In response, this paper proposes a surrogate census method using DMSP-OLS night-time images. The study focuses on smaller administrative regions such as sub-districts (or taluks as they are known in the country) in the state of Maharashtra. Models are proposed using selected census metrics, and mean and standard deviation of stable lights and brightness information as obtained from the satellite images. The adjusted r2 values range from 0.2 to 0.8 at 95% confidence interval, with the majority of the metrics being moderately correlated (with r2 between 0.4 and 0.7). Generally it was found that the observed lights and brightness of big rural settlements from DMSP-OLS images have the potential for predicting certain census metrics. However, unlike larger areas such as districts where DMSP-OLS night-time images adequately predict census metrics, at the sub-district level the results need to be supplemented and validated with other information sources such as survey reports.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 490
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Author Roychowdhury, K.; Taubenbock, H.; Jones, S.
Title Delineating urban, suburban and rural areas using Landsat and DMSP-OLS night-time images Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Urban Remote Sensing Event (JURSE), 2011 Joint Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue (up) Pages 33 - 36
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract The number and size of urban settlements are increasing in all the continents of the world at a rapid pace. Urban sprawl is associated not only with changes in landcover and area, but also ecological, climate and social transformations. Mapping the growth and spread of urban areas is important. Remote sensing has long been used to map human settlements. Today the availability of a large number of satellites and sensors, determining the appropriate image to map urban area is a research area itself. This study compares two satellite images: Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper data and Defence Meteorological Satellite Program, Operational Linescan System image to map the urban footprint of the city of Hyderabad, India. Landsat ETM data is captured during the daytime and gives spectral reflectance values while the DMSP-OLS data captures artificial lights from human settlements at night and produces brightness information. The results show an accuracy of more than 90% in the classification and delineation of urban, suburban and rural landcover types. This study shows that in addition to spectral reflectance captured by satellites from different features on the earth surface during the daytime, differences in the degree of brightness of the lights emitted from urban areas at night is also an effective indicator in delineating landcover types.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 491
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Author Zamorano Calvo, J.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.; Pascual Ramírez, S.; Gómez Castaño, J.; Ramírez Moreta, P.; Challupner, P.
Title ISS nocturnal images as a scientific tool against Light Pollution Type Journal Article
Year 2011 Publication Unpublished working paper submitted to NASA JSC Imaging Lab Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue (up) Pages
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract The potential of the night pictures taken from the International Space Station (ISS) with a Nikon D3s digital camera to fight against light pollution is shown. A scientific analysis of ISS026-E-26493 RAW image of Madrid at night with techniques used by astronomers and cartographers is performed. We suggest an observational setup to obtain useful scientific information from the pictures including series of exposures and calibration frames.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 492
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Author Paulino, C.; Escudero, L.
Title Use of Night Satellite Imagery to Monitor the Squid Fishery in Peru Type Journal Article
Year 2010 Publication Case study 10 of Handbook of Satellite Remote Sensing Image Interpretation: Applications for Marine Living Resources Conservation and Management Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue (up) Pages
Keywords Remote Sensing
Abstract
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Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 493
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