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Author Ahn, H.; Lee, S.; Jo, E.
Title Assessment on Lighting Management Zones for Light pollution in Gwangju Metropolitan City Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication (down) 한국태양에너지학회 학술대회논문집 Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Lighting; Planning
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Notes Approved no
Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 1960
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Author Sim?es, T.N.; Candido da Silva, A.; de Melo Moura, C.C.
Title Influence of artificial lights on the orientation of hatchlings of Eretmochelys imbricata in Pernambuco, Brazil Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication (down) Zoologia Abbreviated Journal Zoologia
Volume 34 Issue Pages 1-6
Keywords Animals
Abstract Sea turtle hatchlings, in natural abiotic conditions, emerge from their nests at night and go directly to the sea,

following the moonlight’s reflection in the ocean. Increased human activities such as tourism and artificial lights on the coasts,

however, have interfered with the ability of sea turtle neonates to find their correct destination, negatively affecting their survival

rates. Here we endeavored to assess the influence of artificial lights on the hatchlings of the sea turtle Eretmochelys imbricata

(Linnaeus, 1766) in the south coast of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. To that end, 10 experiments were conducted with 15

hatchlings/test subjects. Five experiments took place in artificially illuminated areas and five in non-illuminated areas. Circles

with a 2 m radius were drawn on the sand a small 2–3 cm depression was made at the center of each circles. The neonates

were then placed in the depressions to simulate their coming from a nest. After the neonates crossed the edge of the circles,

their tracks were photographed and drawn on a diagram. To ascertain if the trajectories of the neonates differed between the

two groups (hatchlings from illuminated versus non-illuminated nests), the Rayleigh test was used. The significance of those

differences was tested using ANOVA. To evaluate similarities and significance of clusters, a Multi-Dimensional Scaling was

used. The tracks of 86.67% (N = 65) of the hatchlings from nests at illuminated areas departed from their correct trajectory.

The distribution of trajectories was considered random (V = 19.4895, p > 0.05) only for tracks originating from artificially

illuminated areas. The movement patterns of hatchlings from illuminated and non-illuminated areas differed significantly (F

< 0.0001, p < 0.01). Consistent with this, two distinct groups were identified, one from illuminated and one from non-illuminated

areas. Therefore, we conclude that artificial illumination impacts the orientation of hawksbill hatchlings. This suggests

that in order to protect this species it is necessary to safeguard its nesting areas from artificial lights.
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ISSN 1984-4689 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kyba @ Serial 1668
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Author Stone, E.L.; Harris, S.; Jones, G.
Title Impacts of artificial lighting on bats: a review of challenges and solutions Type Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication (down) Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde Abbreviated Journal Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords Animals; bats
Abstract Light pollution is a major emerging issue in biodiversity conservation, and has important implications for policy development and strategic planning. Although research is now addressing the negative impacts of anthropogenic noise on biota, less attention has been paid to the effects of light pollution. Changes in lighting technology have led to a diverse range of emerging low energy light types and a trend towards the increased use of white light. Light pollution affects ecological interactions across a range of taxa and has adverse effects on behaviours such as foraging, reproduction and communication. Almost a quarter of bat species globally are threatened and the key underlying threat to populations is pressure on resources from increasing human populations. Being nocturnal, bats are among the taxa most likely to be affected by light pollution. In this paper we provide an overview of the current trends in artificial lighting followed by a review of the current evidence of the impacts of lighting on bat behaviour, particularly foraging, commuting, emergence, roosting and hibernation. We discuss taxon-specific effects and potential cumulative ecosystem level impacts. We conclude by summarising some potential strategies to minimise the impacts of lighting on bats and identify key gaps in knowledge and priority areas for future research.
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1616-5047 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 1112
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Author Aschoff, J.; Wever, R.
Title Ãœber Phasenbeziehungen zwischen biologischer Tagesperiodik und Zeitgeberperiodik Type Journal Article
Year 1962 Publication (down) Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Physiologie Abbreviated Journal Zeitschrift fr vergleichende Physiologie
Volume 46 Issue 2 Pages 115-128
Keywords Human Health
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ISSN 0340-7594 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 715
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Author Li, M.-D.; Li, C.-M.; Wang, Z.
Title The Role of Circadian Clocks in Metabolic Disease Type Journal Article
Year 2012 Publication (down) Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine Abbreviated Journal
Volume 85 Issue 3 Pages 387–401
Keywords Animals; circadian clocks; metabolism; metabolic disease
Abstract The circadian clock is a highly conserved timing system, resonating physiological processes to 24-hour environmental cycles. Circadian misalignment is emerging as a risk factor of metabolic disease. The molecular clock resides in all metabolic tissues, the dysfunction of which is associated with perturbed energy metabolism. In this article, we will review current knowledge about molecular mechanisms of the circadian clock and the role of clocks in the physiology and pathophysiology of metabolic tissues.
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Notes Approved no
Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 392
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