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Author Bengsen, Andrew J; Leung, Luke K P; Lapidge, Steven J; Gordon, Iain J url  doi
openurl 
  Title Artificial illumination reduces bait-take by small rainforest mammals Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication (up) Applied Animal Behaviour Science Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 127 Issue 1-2 Pages 66-72  
  Keywords animals; field experiment; predation risk  
  Abstract Small mammals often moderate their foraging behaviour in response to cues indicating a high local predation risk. We assessed the ability of cues associated with a high predation risk to reduce the consumption of bait by non-target small mammal species in a tropical rainforest, without inhibiting bait-take by feral pigs (Sus scrofa). The illumination of feeding stations with a low power light source caused small mammals to reduce their foraging intensity on sunflower seeds mixed through sand by 25% (P< 0.001) and on unprocessed corn-based feral pig bait by 80% (P< 0.001). Illumination also reduced the intensity with which small mammals fed on commercially manufactured baits (odds ratio. = 6.17, P= 0.009). Illumination did not cause pigs to reduce their intake of corn bait (P= 0.43). Neither pig nor dingo (Canis lupus dingo) vocalisations had any detectable effect on the foraging intensity of small mammals (P> 0.05 for all treatments). We conclude that site illumination was an effective method of selectively deterring small mammals from consuming feral pig baits in our study region, but had no effect on consumption of those baits by pigs.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ schroer @ Serial 1577  
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Author Nowinszky, L. url  openurl
  Title Nocturnal illumination and night flying insects Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication (up) APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 17–52  
  Keywords Animals; light-trap; collecting distance; Babinet-point; moon phases  
  Abstract The present study discusses the light trapping of insects depending on the environmental illumination, twilight polarization phenomena and the moon phases. The trapping data were taken of Hungarian national light-trap network. The important results are the followings: The Babinet-point, a polarization free spot of the sky at twilight, can be a role of orientation of insects. The height of the Moon above

the horizon is in negative correlation with the number of the caught insects. The maximum individual

number of species was collected at various moon phases.
 
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 407  
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Author Hauptfleisch, M.; Dalton, C. openurl 
  Title Arthropod phototaxis and its possible effect on bird strike risk at two Namibian airports Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication (up) Applied Ecology and Environmental Research Abbreviated Journal Appl. Ecol. & Environ. Res.  
  Volume 13 Issue 4 Pages 957-965  
  Keywords Animals; airport; arthropods; birds; bird strike; phototaxis; Lepidoptera; Namibia  
  Abstract Aircraft wildlife collisions are a global safety and financial problem for the aviation industry, with birds being the main concern. In Namibia, 97% of collisions at Namibia’s two main airports are reported to be with insectivorous birds. Phototaxis was identified as a major attractant to insectivorous

birds, which feed on the arthropods attracted to airport apron and terminal lights. This study considered the effect of light as an attraction at the rurally situated Hosea Kutako International and urban Eros airports. It further investigated the attractiveness of light colour (or wavelength) on arthropod abundance, biomass and diversity. The study found that phototaxis was a significant factor at Hosea Kutako only, and that white light was the main attractant for arthropods, specifically for large moths (Order Lepidoptera),

while yellow and orange light attracted significantly less arthropods. The study indicates a high likelihood that the Hosea Kutako apron lights (white) are an important attractant for arthropods, and therefore indirectly insectivorous birds, which can be reduced by replacing them with orange or yellow filters.
 
  Address Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences, Polytechnic of Namibia, Private Bag 13388, Windhoek, Namibia; mhauptfleisch@polytechnic.edu.na  
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  Publisher Aloki Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
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  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 1160  
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Author Powe, N.A; Willis, K.G.; Garrod, G.D. openurl 
  Title Difficulties in Valuing Street Light Improvement: Trust, Surprise and Bound Effects Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication (up) Applied Economics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 38 Issue 4 Pages 371–381  
  Keywords Economics  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ kagoburian @ Serial 1055  
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Author Simpson, S.N.; Hanna, B.G. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Willingness to pay for a clear night sky: use of the contingent valuation method Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication (up) Applied Economics Letters Abbreviated Journal Applied Economics Letters  
  Volume 17 Issue 11 Pages 1095-1103  
  Keywords economics; contingent valuation method; light pollution  
  Abstract This article applies the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) to the issue of night sky pollution. Light pollution decreases the ability to view a clear, unobstructed night sky. We administered a survey to the students of the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) to obtain estimates of Willingness To Pay (WTP) to improve night sky visibility and to prevent deterioration in visibility. This is the first CVM study that attempts to distinguish between these different WTPs. We find that students are willing to pay significantly more for a larger improvement in night sky conditions. We also find significant differences in WTP to improve versus prevent deterioration in night sky conditions.  
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  ISSN 1350-4851 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number IDA @ john @ Serial 121  
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