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Author Vinogradova, I.A.; Anisimov, V.N.; Bukalev, A.V.; Ilyukha, V.A.; Khizhkin, E.A.; Lotosh, T.A.; Semenchenko, A.V.; Zabezhinski, M.A. url  openurl
  Title Circadian disruption induced by light-at-night accelerates aging and promotes tumorigenesis in young but not in old rats Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication (up) AGING Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2 Issue 2 Pages 82-92  
  Keywords Animals; Light-at-night; life span; tumorigenesis; rats  
  Abstract We evaluated the effect of exposure to constant light started at the age of 1 month and at the age of 14 months on the survival, life span, tumorigenesis and age-related dynamics of antioxidant enzymes activity in various organs in comparison to the rats maintained at the standard (12:12 light/dark) light/dark regimen. We found that exposure to constant light started at the age of 1 month accelerated spontaneous tumorigenesis and shortened life span both in male and female rats as compared to the standard regimen. At the same time, the exposure to constant light started at the age of 14 months failed to influence survival of male and female rats. While delaying tumors in males, constant light accelerated tumors in females. We conclude that circadian disruption induced by light-at-night started at the age of 1 month accelerates aging and promotes tumorigenesis in rats, however failed affect survival when started at the age of 14 months.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 401  
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Author Vinogradova, I.A.; Anisimov, V.N.; Bukalev, A.V.; Semenchenko, A.V.; Zabezhinski, M.A. url  openurl
  Title Circadian disruption induced by light-at-night accelerates aging and promotes tumorigenesis in rats Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication (up) AGING Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 855-865  
  Keywords Animals; light-at-night; life span; tumorigenesis; rats  
  Abstract We evaluated the effect of various light/dark regimens on the survival, life span and tumorigenesis in rats. Two hundred eight male and 203 females LIO rats were subdivided into 4 groups and kept at various light/dark regimens: standard 12:12 light/dark (LD); natural lighting of the North-West of Russia (NL); constant light (LL), and constant darkness (DD) since the age of 25 days until natural death. We found that exposure to NL and LL regimens accelerated development of metabolic syndrome and spontaneous tumorigenesis, shortened life span both in male and females rats as compared to the standard LD regimen. We conclude that circadian disruption induced by light-at-night accelerates aging and promotes tumorigenesis in rats. This observation supports the conclusion of the International Agency Research on Cancer that shift-work that involves circadian disruption is probably carcinogenic to humans.  
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  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 403  
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Author Mayoral, O.; Solbes, J.; Cantó, J.; Pina, T. url  doi
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  Title What Has Been Thought and Taught on the Lunar Influence on Plants in Agriculture? Perspective from Physics and Biology Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication (up) Agronomy Abbreviated Journal Agronomy  
  Volume 10 Issue 7 Pages 955  
  Keywords Moonlight; Plants  
  Abstract This paper reviews the beliefs which drive some agricultural sectors to consider the lunar influence as either a stress or a beneficial factor when it comes to organizing their tasks. To address the link between lunar phases and agriculture from a scientific perspective, we conducted a review of textbooks and monographs used to teach agronomy, botany, horticulture and plant physiology; we also consider the physics that address the effects of the Moon on our planet. Finally, we review the scientific literature on plant development, specifically searching for any direct or indirect reference to the influence of the Moon on plant physiology. We found that there is no reliable, science-based evidence for any relationship between lunar phases and plant physiology in any plant–science related textbooks or peer-reviewed journal articles justifying agricultural practices conditioned by the Moon. Nor does evidence from the field of physics support a causal relationship between lunar forces and plant responses. Therefore, popular agricultural practices that are tied to lunar phases have no scientific backing. We strongly encourage teachers involved in plant sciences education to objectively address pseudo-scientific ideas and promote critical thinking.  
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  ISSN 2073-4395 ISBN Medium  
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  Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial 3036  
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Author Briggs, R. C. url  openurl
  Title Why does aid not target the poorest? Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication (up) AIDDATA Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Remote Sensing  
  Abstract Foreign aid projects typically have local effects, so if they are to reduce poverty then they need to be placed close to the poor. I show that, conditional on local population, World Bank (WB) project aid targets richer parts of countries. This relationship holds over time and across world regions. I test five explanations for pro-rich targeting using a pre-registered conjoint experiment on WB task team leaders (TTLs). TTLs perceive aid-receiving governments as most interested in targeting aid politically and controlling implementation. They also believe that aid works better in poorer or more remote areas, but that implementation in these areas is uniquely difficult. These results speak to debates in distributive politics, international bargaining over aid, and principal-agent issues in international organizations. The results also suggest that tweaks to WB incentive structures to make ease of project implementation less important may encourage aid to flow to poorer parts of countries.  
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  Call Number IDA @ intern @ Serial 2719  
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Author Kyba, C.C.M.; Ruhtz, T.; Lindemann, C.; Fischer, J.; Hölker, F. url  openurl
  Title Two camera system for measurement of urban uplight angular distribution Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication (up) AIP Conf. Proc Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1531 Issue 568 Pages  
  Keywords Instrumentiation  
  Abstract The angular distribution function of light emitted from cities is unknown, and represents the most important systematic error in skyglow simulations. We describe a method for measuring this distribution using a two camera system mounted on an aerial platform. We present preliminary results from a test flight using such a system, taken over the city of Berlin on July 14, 2011.  
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  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number LoNNe @ christopher.kyba @ Serial 467  
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