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Author Owen, S.; Noy, I.; Paz, J.P.; Fleming, D.
Title EQC and extreme weather events (part 2): Measuring the impact of insurance on New Zealand landslip, storm and flood recovery using nightlights Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication Motu Economic and Public Policy Research Abbreviated Journal
Volume Motu Working Paper19-19 Issue Pages 1-23
Keywords Lighting
Abstract Climate change is predicted to make extreme weather events worse and more frequent in many places around the world. In New Zealand, the Earthquake Commission (EQC) was created to provide insurance for earthquakes. In some circumstances, however, homeowners affected by extreme weather events can also make claims to the EQC –for landslip, storm or flood events. In this paper,we explore theimpact of this public natural hazard insurance on community recovery from weather-related events. We do this by using a proxy for short-term economic recovery: satellite imagery of average monthly night-time radiance. Linking these night-time light data to precipitationdatarecords, we compare houses which experienced damage from extreme rainfall episodes to those that suffered no damage even though they experienced extreme rainfall. Using data from three recent intense storms, we find that households which experienced damage, and were paid in a timely manner by EQC, did not fare any worse than households that suffered no damage from these extreme events. This finding suggests that EQC insurance is serving its stated purpose by protecting households from the adverse impact of extreme weather events.
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 2901
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Author Žiberna, I
Title REMOTE SENSING OF LIGHT POLLUTION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication Geografski pregled Abbreviated Journal
Volume 40 Issue Pages 9-20
Keywords Remote sensing
Abstract Remote sensing of light pollution in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The study deals with the problem of light pollution in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period 2013-2017. Remotely sensed data were obtained from the Suomi NPP satellite, which is scanning the earth's surface at night. The findings and geospatial trends of light pollution in the mentioned time period are discussed on the national and municipal levels. Some areas with very high and low levels of light pollution were exposed.
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 2900
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Author Narboni, R.
Title LIGHTING PUBLIC SPACES: NEW TRENDS AND FUTURE EVOLUTIONS. Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Light & Engineering Abbreviated Journal
Volume 28 Issue 2 Pages 4-16
Keywords Lighting; History
Abstract The article is devoted to the history and prospects of the development of outdoor lighting in public spaces with new opportunities of rapidly developing lighting technologies and trends in architecture and architectural lighting, taking into account environmental problems.
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 2899
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Author Gerhardsson, K.M.; Laike, T.; Johansson, M.
Title Leaving lights on – A conscious choice or wasted light? Use of indoor lighting in Swedish homes Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication Indoor and Built Environment Abbreviated Journal
Volume in press Issue Pages in press
Keywords Psychology; Lighting
Abstract Promoting resource- and energy-efficient home lighting through technology and behaviour change requires an understanding of how residents currently use lighting and what they want from it. However, users' needs and desires relating to lighting in homes are poorly understood, as research is still limited. This paper aims to provide a fuller picture of residents' experiences with their home lighting. Interviews about how residents perceive the character of lighting and luminaires and lighting use suggest that home lighting has nine capabilities: to enable vision; to facilitate visual tasks; to display objects; to send a message; to support a particular atmosphere; to shape the architectural space; to offer a visual aesthetic experience; to maintain or change rhythmicity; and to evoke memories. Secondary data confirmed five of them. The identified capabilities relate to behavioural goals, psychological wellbeing and social needs. We conclude that seemingly wasted light in people's homes, i.e. lights left on in unoccupied rooms, can serve a purpose for the residents, such as avoiding visual or aesthetic discomfort, making the home inviting, benefitting people outside and providing safety. Findings have implications for the further development of new lighting technologies and design, energy-saving campaigns targeting residents and for urban outdoor environments.
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 2898
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Author Rahman, A.; Asyhari, A.T.; Obaidat, M.S.; Kurniawan, I.F.; Mukta, M.Y.; Vijayakumar, P.
Title IoT-Enabled Light Intensity-Controlled Seamless Highway Lighting System Type Journal Article
Year 2020 Publication IEEE Systems Journal Abbreviated Journal
Volume in press Issue Pages in press
Keywords Lighting; Economics
Abstract Motivated by enormous highway-lighting energy consumption, smart lighting development is crucial to better manage available resources. While existing literature focused on ensuring cost-effective lighting, an equally important requirement, namely the visual comfort of motorists, is almost disregarded. This article proposes a novel Internet of Things-enabled system that can be intelligently controlled according to the traffic demand. Cooperative relay-network architecture is the central element that leverages upon placement of cyber-enabled lampposts to allow for sensing-exchanging highway traffic information. Data accumulation is exploited to automate adaptive switching on/off the lighting and provide backtracking detection of faulty lampposts. From the service provider’s perspective, we envision to deploy low-cost highly durable sensing and network components to significantly cut down the operating cost. From the road user’s perspective, the relay-network is envisaged to provide seamless driving experience where sufficient lighting is always perceived along the road. A critical analysis quantitatively evaluates the seamless driving experience considering car arrival rate, outage probability, and device malfunction probability. A road occupancy-based cost estimation analysis demonstrates the effective cost reduction of the proposal compared to existing systems. Furthermore, the performance of chosen communication modules under different setups is assessed through simulation, suggesting appropriate protocol for different highway traffic conditions.
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Call Number GFZ @ kyba @ Serial (down) 2897
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